Organic and inorganic selenium in poultry: A review

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6837    | Article Id: B-561 | Page : 483-489
Citation :- Organic and inorganic selenium in poultry: A review .Indian Journal of Animal Research.2018.(52):483-489

Waseem Muhammad Zia, Anjum Khalique, Saima Naveed and Jibran Hussain

Address :

Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Animal Production and Technology, Ravi Campus, Lahore-54000, Pakistan.

Submitted Date : 4-07-2016
Accepted Date : 11-10-2016


Selenium was believed to be toxic to animals, however, in 1957, selenium was reported as a dietary vital nutrient. Selenium is available in inorganic and organic forms. In 1974, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulated the supplementation of selenium in poultry diets. In 1994, the National Research Council recognized selenium as a dietary essential nutrient for laying hens. The maximum allowed selenium addition level is 0.30 mg/kg. One of the most common supplements used is sodium selenite (SS), the inorganic selenium source. However, in 2000, the FDA approved the use of the organic source of selenium, Se-enriched yeast (SY) in poultry diets. Selenium has valuable effects on animal immune status, growth parameters, production and reproduction. Experimentally, it has been indicated that SY benefits more than that of SS due to its more bioavailability. Selenium inclusion in food-animal diets has an extra nutritional advantage to human consumers of Se-enriched food-animal products. 


Se-enriched yeast Sodium selenite Nutrient utilization Growth Production performance Egg quality Functional foods Hatching characteristics.


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