Comparative evaluation of influence of dietary organic and inorganic selenium supplement on growth performance of indigenous Aseel chickens

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.7608    | Article Id: B-531 | Page : 478-488
Citation :- Comparative evaluation of influence of dietary organic and inorganic selenium supplement on growth performance of indigenous Aseel chickens .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2017.(51):478-488

Waseem Muhammad Zia*,  Anjum Khalique, Saima Naveed, Jibran Hussain, Nadeem Muhammad and Sohail Ahmad

doctorwsi639@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Production & Technology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ravi Campus, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

Submitted Date : 12-05-2016
Accepted Date : 23-12-2016

Abstract

Two hundred-forty 3-weeks-old Aseel birds from Lakha, Mushki, Peshaweri and Mianwali varieties of indigenous Aseel were chosen (60 birds/variety, 30 males and 30 females) to evaluate the influence of selenium supplements on growth performance. The birds of either sex were divided according to randomized complete block design into A, B and C treatment groups (10 birds/treatment); A and B were experimental, while C was control. Se-enriched yeast (organic selenium) and sodium selenite (inorganic selenium) were supplemented @ 0.3 mg/kg in the basal diets of group A and B, respectively, while, group C was fed without additional selenium. Birds were maintained individually in battery cages from 4-21 weeks. Statistically, the results showed the reduced (P>0.05) feed intake, while enhanced (P£0.05) nutrient utilization for dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat and ash; superior feed conversion ratio; higher live final body weight; lower (P£0.05) mortality and rearing cost in Se-enriched yeast fed birds, chiefly in the males of Lakha variety than those received sodium selenite supplemented or control diet. The study concluded that the organic selenium supplement (Se-enriched yeast) had a major influence in improving the overall growth performance of Aseel.   

Keywords

Body weight FCR Indigenous Aseel Mortality Nutrient utilization Rearing cost Selenium Varieties

References

  1. Ahmad, Z., Sahota, A.W., Akram, M., Khalique, A., Jatoi, A.S., Shafique, M., Usman, M. and Khan, U. (2014). Pre and         post-moult productive efficiency in four varieties of indigenous Aseel chicken during different production cycles.         J. Anim. Plant Sci. 24: 1276-1282.
  2. Ankur, K. and Baghel, R.P.S. (2011). Effect of different levels of dietary selenium on growth performance and nutrient         utilization of broiler birds. Vet. World. 4: 173-175.
  3. AOAC. (1995). Official Methods of Analysis. 13th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
  4. Arthur, J.R., Nicol, F. and Beckett, G.J. (1992). The role of selenium in thyroid hormone metabolism and effects of selenium         deficiency on thyroid hormone and iodine metabolism. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 33: 37-42.
  5. Attia, Y.A., Abdalah, A.A., Zeweil, H.S., Bovera, F., Tag El-Din, A.A. and Araft, M.A. (2010). Effect of inorganic or         organic selenium supplementation on productive performance, egg quality and some physiological traits of dual-        purpose breeding hens. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 11: 505–519.
  6. Beckett, G.J. and Arthur, J.R. (2005). Selenium and endocrine system. J. Endocrin. 184: 455-465
  7. Bell, D.D. and Weaver, W.D. (2005). Commercial chicken meat and egg production, 5th edn. Springer Publishers.
  8. Choct, M., Naylor, A.J. and Reinke, N. (2004). Selenium supplementation affects broiler growth performance, meat yield         and feather coverage. Br. Poult. Sci. 45: 677-683.
  9. Chun, F., Yu, B. and Daiwen, C. (2009).  Effects of different sources and  levels of selenium on performance,  thyroid          function  and  antioxidant status  in  stressed  broiler  chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 8: 583-587.
  10. Djordjevic, S., Lalic, N., Omerovic, I. and Milosevic, B. (2016). The effect of selenium source on the performance of         growing chickens. Int. J. Agron. Agr. Res. 8: 21-25.
  11. Duncan, D.B. (1955). Multiple range and multiple F-tests. Biometrics. 11: 1-42.
  12. Cruz, V.C. and Fernandez, I.B. (2011). Effect of organic selenium and zinc on the performance and egg quality of Japanese         quails. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 13: 91-95
  13. Deniz, G.S., Genzen, S. and Turkmen, I.I. (2005). Effects of two supplemental dietary selenium sources (mineral and         organic) on broiler performance and drip loss. Rev. Med. Vet. 156: 423-426.
  14. Edens, F.W. (1996). Organic selenium: From feathers to muscle integrity to drip loss. Five years onward: No more selenite         In: Lyons TP, Jacques and (Eds.) KA. Biotechnology in the Feed Industry: The Living Gut. Nottingham University         Press, Nottingham NG 110 AX, United Kingdom. Proc. 12th Alltech Ann. Symp. 12: 165-185.
  15. Edens, F.W. and Gowdy, K.M. (2005). Involvement of the thioredoxin reductase system in the maintenance of cellular         redox status. In: T. P.  Lyons and K. A. Jacques (Eds.), Nutritional biotechnology in the food and feed industry.         Nottingham University Press; Nottingham, United Kingdom. Proc. 20th Alltech Ann. Symp. 20: 369-382.
  16. Edens, F.W., Carter, T.A., Parkhurst, C.R. and Sefton, A.E. (2000). Effect of selenium source and litter type on broiler         feathering. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 9: 407-413.
  17. El-Sheikh, T.M. and Ahmed-Nagwa, S. (2006). An attempt to alleviate heat stress of broiler chicks (during summer season)         through stocking density, dietary organic selenium (Sel-Plex) and vitamin E-selenium. Egypt. Poult. Sci. 26:         1587-1611.
  18. Foster, L.H. and Sumar, S. (1997). Selenium in health and disease: A review. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 37: 211-228.
  19. Ganie, A.A., Baghel, R.P.S., Mudgal, V., Aarif, O. and Sheikh, G.G. (2014). Effect of selenium supplementation on         reproductive performance and hormonal profile in buffalo heifers. DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0555.48.1.006.
  20. Gruzauskas, R., Barstys, T., Raceviciute-Stupeliene, A., Kliseviciute, V., Buckiuniene, V. and Bliznikas, S. (2014). The         effect of sodium selenite, selenium methionine and vitamin E on productivity, digestive processes and physiologic         condition of broiler chickens. Vet. Med. Zoot. 65: 22-29.
  21. Habibian, M., Sadeghi, G., Ghazi, S. and Moeini, M.M. (2015). Selenium as a feed supplement for heat-stressed poultry-         a Review. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 165: 183-193.
  22. Hajalshaikh, A., Al-Hassan, M.J. and Mohamed, H.E. (2015). The influence of injectable sodium selenite on semen         characteristics and testosterone concentration in Aardi goats. pp. 793-797. DOI: 10.18805/ijar.7041.
  23. Hess, J.B., Dows, K.M. and Bilgili, S.F. (2000). Selenium nutrition and poultry meat quality. Poult. Sci. 79: 107-112.
  24. Ibrahim, M.T., Eljack, B.H. and Fadlalla, I.M.T. (2011). Selenium supplementation to broiler diets. Anim. Sci. J. 2: 12-17.
  25. Jatoi, A.S. (2012). Productive performance of four close-bred flocks of Japanese quails with different body weights and its         effect on subsequent progeny growth. Ph.D. Thesis. Deptt. Poult. Prod., Univ. Vet. Anim. Sci., Lahore, Pakistan.
  26. Kanchana, G. and Jeyanthi, G.P. (2010). Influence of vitamin-E and selenium supplementation in growth performance and         antibody response of layer chicks. Int. J. Pharmacol. Biol. Sci. 6: 1-11.
  27. Khan, M.S. (2004). Technical report on the status, trend, utilization and performance of FAnGR and their wild relatives in         Pakistan GEF-UNDP Project. 2715-03-4709.
  28. Miller, D., Soares, H.J., Bauersfeld, P. and Cuppett, S.L. (1972). Comparative selenium retention by chicks fed sodium         selenite, selenomethionine, fish meal, and fish soluble. Poult. Sci. 51: 1669-1673.
  29. NRC. (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. edn. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
  30. Pankaj, K., Brijesh, Y. and Sarvajeet, Y. (2014). Effect of zinc and selenium supplementation on semen quality of Barbari         bucks. Indian J. Anim. Res. 48: 366-369.
  31. Payne, R.L., Lavergne, T.K. and Southern, L.L. (2005). Effect of inorganic versus organic selenium on hen production and         egg selenium concentration. Poult. Sci. 84: 232-237.
  32. Peric, L., Milosevic, N., Milic, D. and Vukic-Vranjes, M. (2009). Effect of Sel-Plex in breeding broiler diets on the         subsequent day-old chick quality. 16th European symposium on Poult. Nut. Strasbourg, France. pp. 605-608.
  33. Pietro, C., Peter, H., Selle, A., Aaron, J.  and Cowieson, A. (2013). Effects of organic selenium supplementation on growth         performance, nutrient utilization, oxidative stress and selenium tissue concentrations in broiler chickens. Anim.         Prod. Sci. 54: 966-971.
  34. Rajashree, K., Muthukumar, T. and Karthikeyan, N. (2014). Influence of inorganic and organic selenium sources on broiler         performance and meat quality. Iran. J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 1: 151-157.
  35. Robert, J.A. (1992). The scavenging feed resource base in assessments of the productivity of scavenging village chickens.         Proceedings of an International Workshop held on Newcastle disease in village chickens control with thermo         stable-oral vaccines, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 29-32.
  36. Romanov, M.N., Wezyk, S., Cywa-Benko, K. and Sakhatsky, N.I. (1996). Poultry genetic resources in the countries of         Eastern Europe: History and current state: Poult. Avian Biol. Rev. 7:1-29.
  37. Salman, M., Selcuk, Z. and Hakan, M.O. (2007). Effect of vitamin E and selenium on performance, plasma and tissue         GSH-Px activity in broilers. J. Int. Vet. Sci. 3: 25-34.
  38. SAS. 2002-03. SAS/STATE User’s guide: Statistics. Version 9.1., SAS Institute Inc, Cary, North Carolina, USA.
  39. Schrauzer, G.N. (2000). Selenomethionine: A review of its nutritional significance, metabolism and toxicity. J. Nutr. 130:         1653-1656.
  40. Senthil Kumaran, C.K., Sugapriya., S. Dhayalan., V. Ranjithkumar., R. and Chandarshekar, B. (2015). Influence of dietary         selenium nanowires on growth performance of broiler chicken. Int. J. Biosci. Nanosci. 2: 78-83.
  41. Sethy, K., Dass., R.S. Garg., A.K. Sahu., S. and Gogoi, S. (2015). Effect of different selenium sources (Selenium yeast and         Sodium selenite) on haematology, blood chemistry and thyroid hormones in male goats (Capra hircus). Indian J.         Anim. Res. pp. 788-792. DOI: 10.18805/ijar.7040.  
  42. Steel, R.G.D., Torri, J.H. and Dicky, D.A. (1997). Principles and Procedures of Statistics, A biochemical approach, 3rd edn.         McGraw Hill Book Co, Inc. USA.
  43. Upton, R.J., Frank, W., Edens. and Ferket, P.R. (2008). Selenium yeast effect on broiler performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 7:         798-805.
  44. Yang, Y.R., Meng, F.C., Wang, P., Jiang, Y.B., Yin, Q.Q., Chang, J., Zuo, R.Y., Zheng, Q.H. and Liu, J.X. (2012). Effect of         organic and inorganic selenium supplementation  on  growth  performance,  meat quality  and  antioxidant  property          of  broilers. Afr. J. Biotech. 11:  3031-3036.
  45. Zia, W.M., Khalique, A., Naveed, S. and Hussain, J. (2016a). Egg quality, geometry and hatching traits of indigenous         Aseel as influenced by organic and inorganic selenium supplementation. Indian J. Anim. Res., DOI:10.18805/ijar.9420.
  46. Zia, W.M., Khalique, A., Naveed, S. and Hussain, J. (2016b). Studies on growth pattern of different body measurements in         indigenous Aseel chicken fed with selenium supplemented diets. Indian J. Anim. Res., DOI:10.18805/ijar.9636.
  47. Zia, W.M., Khalique, A., Naveed, S., Hussain, J. and Muhammad, I. (2016c). Effect of selenium supplementation on         glutathione peroxidase (GPx), cholesterol, thyroxin (T4) and other blood biochemicals in local Aseel. Indian J.         Anim. Res., DOI:10.18805/ijar.10765.
  48. Zia, W.M., Khalique, A., Naveed, S., Hussain, J., Muhammad, I., Muhammad, T.K. and Rehman, S.M. (2016d). Exploring         the effect of selenium forms on final body weight, slaughter characteristics and tissue selenium concentration in         Aseel cockerels. Indian J. Anim. Res., DOI:10.18805/ijar.10764.
  49. Zia, W.M., Khalique, A., Naveed, S. and Hussain, J. (2016e). Impact of selenium supplementation on productive performance         and egg selenium status in native Aseel chicken. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2016.1222247.

Global Footprints