Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 5 (october 2017) : 967-970

Effect of varying levels of dietary protein on growth and relationship of egg weight with egg quality parameters in Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Irfan, Arshad Javid, Muhammad Ashraf, Athar Mahmud, Muhammad Altaf, Shahid Mehmood, Muhammad Amjad Yaqoob
1<p>Department of Wildlife and Ecology,&nbsp;University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan</p>
Cite article:- Irfan, Javid Arshad, Ashraf Muhammad, Mahmud Athar, Altaf Muhammad, Mehmood Shahid, Yaqoob Amjad Muhammad (2016). Effect of varying levels of dietary protein on growth and relationship of egg weight with egg quality parameters in Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(5): 967-970. doi: 10.18805/ijar.11171.

A total of 120, day-old turkey (Maleagris gallopavo) chicks were arranged into four groups. Four diets having varying levels of crude protein (CP) viz. 16% CP, 18% CP, 20% CP and 22% CP were prepared and were designated as control (T0), treatment 1 (T1), treatment 2 (T2) and treatment 3 (T3) diets, respectively. Group 1 birds were fed with T0 diets, group 2 with T1 diets, group 3 with T2 and group 4 birds were fed with T3 diets. Significantly higher weight gain 2950.86±1952.58g, body length 30.064±11cm, beak length 3.53cm, body girth 43.41±16.30cm, thigh length 18.18±6.47cm, sternum-length 11.98±4.70cm, wing-length 47.10±16.17cm, wingspan 101.36±34.32cm, shank-length and tarsus-length 13.78±4.47cm were recorded in M. gallopavo fed with T3 diets. Feed conversion ratios (FCR) for T0, T1, T2 and T3 diets were 2.296, 2.236, 2.099 and 1.934, respectively. Internal and external quality parameters of egg were also analyzed.

  1. Abu, T. (2011). Evaluation of some external and internal egg quality traits of quails reared in basrah city. Bas J Vet Res. 10: 78-84.

  2. Badyaev, A. V. and Ghalambor, C. K. (1998). Does a trade-off exist between sexual ornamentation and ecological plasticity? Sexual dichromatism and occupied elevational range in finches. Oikos. pp. 319-324.

  3. Bell, D. D. Weaver, W. D. (2002). Commercial chicken meat and egg production. Springer Science & Business Media.

  4. Bennett, C. D. Classen, H. L. (2003). Effect of whole wheat dilution on performance and carcass characteristics of male turkeys. J Appl Poultry Res. 12: 468-475.

  5. Buchholz, R. (1995). Female choice, parasite load and male ornamentation in wild turkeys. Anim Behav. 50: 929-943.

  6. Djebbi, A. M’hamdi, N. Haddad, I. and Chriki, A. (2014). Phenotypic Characterization of The Indigenous Turkey (Meleagris Gallopavo) In The North West Regions Of Tunisia. Scientia. 2: 51-56.

  7. Green, A. J. (2001). Mass/length residuals: measures of body condition or generators of spurious results. Ecology. 82: 1473-1483.

  8. Jankowski, J. Lecewicz, A. Chwastowska-Siwiecka, I. Juskiewicz, J. and Zduñczyk, Z. (2012). Performance, slaughter value and meat quality of turkeys fed diets with different content of sunflower meal. Arch Geflugelkd. 75:104-112. 

  9. Kuietche, H. M. Kana, J. R. Defang, H. F. Tadondjou, C. D. A. Yemdjie, D. D. M. and Teguia, A. (2014). Effect of dietary energy level on growth performance and morphometric parameters of local barred chickens at the starter phase. Int J Biochem Cell B. 8: 882-890.

  10. Kul, S. and Seker, I. (2004). Phenotypic correlations between some external and internal egg quality traits in the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Int J Poult Sci. 3: 400-405.

  11. Kumpula, B. L. and Fasenko, G. M. (2004). Comparing incubation duration, hatchability, and chick quality parameters of chicks from three egg sizes and two modern strains. Avian Poult Biol Rev. pp. 15:12.

  12. Narushin, V. G. (2005). Egg geometry calculation using the measurements of length and breadth. Poult Sci. 84: 482-484.

  13. O’Dea, E. E. Fasenko, G. M. Feddes, J. J. Robinson, F. E. Segura, J. S. and Ouellette, C. A. (2004). Investigating the eggshell conductance and embryonic metabolism of modern and unselected domestic avian genetic strains at two flock ages. Poult Sci. 83: 2059-2070.

  14. Parmar, S. N. S. Thakur, M. S. Tomar, S. S. and Pillai, P. V. A. (2006). Evaluation of egg quality traits in indigenous Kadaknath breed of poultry. Livest Res Rural Dev. 18: 18-25.

  15. Tona, K. De Ketelaere, B. Onagbesan, O. Decuypere, E. and Bruggeman, V. (2004). Effects of age of and chick post hatch growth to forty-two days. J Appl Poult Res. 13: 10-


Editorial Board

View all (0)