Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 3 (june 2017) : 557-563

The effect of some pre-slaughter factors on meat quality of bulls slaughtered in a commercial abattoir in Turkey

Erol Arik, Serhat Karaca*
1<p>Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture,&nbsp;Yuzuncu Yil University, 65080, Van/Turkey.</p>
Cite article:- Arik Erol, Karaca* Serhat (2016). The effect of some pre-slaughter factors on meat quality of bullsslaughtered in a commercial abattoir in Turkey . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(3): 557-563. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.4563.

One-hundred and eighteen bulls slaughtered at Van city abattoir were evaluated to determine the effects of some pre-slaughter factors on meat quality traits. The effect of breed on meat quality traits was limited except for water holding capacity (WHC) and Brown Swiss cross bulls had higher WHC than Simmental cross bulls. Bulls aged 30 months and older had higher pH24h (6.05 vs. 5.76; p<0.001) and lower L* and b* values than younger bulls. Bulls that were transported from 300 km away had significantly higher pH24h (6.10 vs. 5.71; p<0.01) and lower L*, a*, b*, cooking loss, and WBSF than bulls with £125 km transport distance (p<0.05-p<0.01). Bulls that waited unrestrained in lots had higher pH24h and lower L*, b* and WBSF (7.06 vs. 5.31; p<0.01) values than those that were restrained while waiting in abattoir. Effects of age, lairage and waiting type on dark cutting incidence were also significant and average percentage of dark cutting was 24.78% (pH24h ³ 6.2). As a result, it was determined that the percentage of DFD carcasses was high and dark cutting was serious problem.  

  1. del Campo, M., Brito, G., Soares de Lima, J., Hernández, P. and Montossi, F. (2010). Finishing diet, temperament and lairage time effects on carcass and meat quality traits in steers. Meat Science 86: 908-914. 

  2. Du Plessis, I. and Hoffman, L. C. (2007). Effect of slaughter age and breed on the carcass traits and meat quality of beef steers finished on natural pastures in the arid subtropics of South Africa. South African Journal of Animal Science 37: 143-153. 

  3. Fernandez, X., Monin, G., Culioli, J., Legrand, I. and Quilichini, Y. (1996). Effect of duration of feed withdrawal and transportation time on muscle characteristics and quality in Friesian-Holstein calves. Journal of Animal Science 74: 1576-1583. 

  4. Grandin, T. (1980). The effect of stres on livestock and meat quality prior to and during slaughter. International Journal for The Study of Animal Problems 1: 313-323.

  5. Grandin, T. (1998). Cattle. In Animal Welfare and Meat Science. T. Grandin (Ed.), Wisconsin: CABI Pub.

  6. Hoffman, L. C., Muller, M., Cloete, S. W. P. and Schmidt, D. (2003). Comparison of six crossbred lamb types: sensory, physical and nutritional meat quality characteristics. Meat Science 65: 1265-1274. 

  7. Jeleníková, J., Pipek, P. and Staruch, L. (2008). The influence of ante-mortem treatment on relationship between pH and tenderness of beef. Meat Science 80: 870-874. 

  8. Karaca, S., Yilmaz, A., Kor, A., Bingöl, M., Cavidoglu, I. and Ser, G. (2016a). The effect of feeding system on slaughter-    carcass characteristics, meat quality, and fatty acid composition of lambs. Archives Animal Breeding 59: 121-129.

  9. Karaca, S., Erdogan, S., Kor, D. and Kor, A. (2016b). Effects of pre-slaughter diet/management system and fasting period on physiological indicators and meat quality traits of lambs. Meat Science 116: 67-77. 

  10. Lizondo, G. (2000). Efectos Effects of Different Transport and Fast1ng T1mes on Weight Losses and Carcass Character 1st1cs in Steers. PhD thesis, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Austral de Chile.

  11. Mach, N., Bach, A., Velarde, A. and Devant, M. (2008). Association between animal, transportation, slaughterhouse practices, and meat pH in beef. Meat Science 78: 232-238. 

  12. María, G. A. (2008). Meat Quality. In M. C. Appleby, V. Cussen & L. Garces (Eds.), Long Distance Transport and Welfare of Farm Animals (pp. 77-113). London,UK: CABI.

  13. Maria, G. A., Villarroel, M., Sañudo, C., Olleta, J. L. and Gebresenbet, G. (2003). Effect of transport time and ageing on aspects of beef quality. Meat Science 65: 1335-1340. 

  14. Marti, S., Realini, C. E., Bach, A., Pérez-Juan, M. and Devant, M. (2013). Effect of castration and slaughter age on performance, carcass, and meat quality traits of Holstein calves fed a high-concentrate diet1. Journal of Animal Science 91: 1129-1140. 

  15. McVeigh, J. M. and Tarrant, P. V. (1983). Effect of propranolol on muscle glycogen metabolism during social regrouping of young bulls. Journal of Animal Science 56: 71-80. 

  16. MLCSL, 2013. Meat and Livestock Commercial Services Ltd.

  17. Mounier, L., Dubroeucq, H., Andanson, S. and Veissier, I. (2006). Variations in meat pH of beef bulls in relation to conditions of transfer to slaughter and previous history of the animals. Journal of Animal Science 84: 1567-    1576. 

  18. Mpakama, T., Chulayo, A. Y. and Muchenje, V. (2014). Bruising in Slaughter Cattle and Its Relationship with Creatine Kinase Levels and Beef Quality as Affected by Animal Related Factors. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 27: 717-725. 

  19. Önenç, A. (2003). The Effect of Three Different Treatments for Preventing Dark Cutting Cattle Carcass on Meat Quality. PhD thesis, Ege University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science Izmir, Turkey. 

  20. Önenç, A. (2004). Dark cutting incidence in Holstein Friesian, Brown Swiss and Eastern Anatolian Red Cattle slaughtered under Turkish commercial slaughter conditions. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7: 96-99. 

  21. Peña, F., Avilés, C., Domenech, V., González, A., Martínez, A. and Molina, A. (2014). Effects of stress by unfamiliar sounds on carcass and meat traits in bulls from three continental beef cattle breeds at different ageing times. Meat Science 98: 718-725. 

  22. Romero, M. H., Uribe-Velásquez, L. F., Sánchez, J. A. and Miranda-de la Lama, G. C. (2013). Risk factors influencing bruising and high muscle pH in Colombian cattle carcasses due to transport and pre-slaughter operations. Meat Science 95: 256-263. 

  23. Smith, D. R., Wright, D. R. and Muir, P. D. (1996). Variation in meat pH in steers and association with other carcass attributes: analysis of a commercial database (Vol. 56): New Zealand Society of Animal Production.

  24. Tarrant, P. V. (1981). The Occurrence, Causes and Economic Consequences of Dark-Cutting in Beef — A Survey of Current Information. In D. E. Hood & P. V. Tarrant (Eds.), The Problem of Dark-Cutting in Beef: A Seminar in the EEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Animal Welfare, organised by D.E. Hood and P.V. Tarrant, and held in Brussels, October 7–8, 1980 (pp. 3-36). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

  25. Teke, B., Akdag, F., Ekiz, B. and Ugurlu, M. (2014). Effects of different lairage times after long distance transportation on carcass and meat quality characteristics of Hungarian Simmental bulls. Meat Science 96: 224-229. 

  26. Vimiso, P. and Muchenje, V. A. (2013). Survey on the effect of transport method on bruises, pH and colour of meat from cattle slaughtered at a South African commercial abattoir. South African Journal of Animal Science 43: 105-111. 

  27. Warriss, P. D. (2000). The effects of live animal handling on carcass and meat quality (pp. 131-155). Wallingford: CABI.

  28. Weglarz, A. (2010). Meat quality defined based on ph and color depending on cattle category and slaughter season. Czech Journal Of Animal Science 55: 548-556. 

  29. Weglarz, A. (2011). Effect of pre-slaughter housing of different cattle categories on beef quality. Animal Science Papers and Reports 29: 43-52. 


Editorial Board

View all (0)