Occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial agents of canine pyometra

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6830    | Article Id: B-492 | Page : 397-400
Citation :- Occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility ofbacterial agents of canine pyometra .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2018.(52):397-400

Avni Robaj, Driton Sylejmani and Afrim Hamidi

Address :

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, Prishtina, Kosovo.

Submitted Date : 6-04-2016
Accepted Date : 18-07-2016


The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of pyometra in bitches and isolation of bacteria involved and determination of their antimicrobial susceptibility. For this purpose from March 2013 to February 2015, 230 bitches of different breeds and ages have been examined. Diagnosis was based on anamnesis, clinical signs, hematology, radiography and ultrasound. The isolation and identification of bacteria in pyometra was carried out  using ISO-methods and the antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates using  the disk diffusion method. Canine pyometra was found more in bitches between 9-12 years old 10 cases (52.63%), and the most common dog affected breeds were small female dogs breed. The most common isolated pathogens from canine pyometra were; Escherichia coli (63.1%), Streptococcus pyogenes., (15.8%), Staphylococcus intermedius., (10.5%) and, Pseudomonas aeruginosa., (5.3%). Regarding AMR (antimicrobial resistance) Penicilin G and Ampicillin showed a very high resistance, indicating for acquired resistance due to improper und uncontrolled use.


Antibiotic Bitch Ovariohysteroctomy Pyometra Resistance.


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