Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Effect of Different Dietary Protein Levels on Physio-metabolic Response during Stunting of Milkfish, Chanos chanos (Forsskal, 1775) Reared under Pond Conditions

Mamidala Shyam Prasad, Muralidhar P. Ande, Karthireddy Syamala, Narinder Kumar Chadha, Paramita Banerjee Sawant, Biji Xavier, P. Gireesh-Babu
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1ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Brackishwater Fish Farm, Kakinada Regional Centre, Kakinada-533 007, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Cite article:- Prasad Shyam Mamidala, Ande P. Muralidhar, Syamala Karthireddy, Chadha Kumar Narinder, Sawant Banerjee Paramita, Xavier Biji, Gireesh-Babu P. (2022). Effect of Different Dietary Protein Levels on Physio-metabolic Response during Stunting of Milkfish, Chanos chanos (Forsskal, 1775) Reared under Pond Conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 56(4): 444-450. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4813.
Background: Stunting is a process of suppressing growth from unfavourable conditions. The protein supplementation during stunting gives scope to maintain the nutrient reserves of fish and its quality.
Methods: A feeding trial was conducted for eight months to study the effect of three hetero-nitrogenous diets with 25% (control), 30% (T1) and 35% (T2) crude protein (CP) levels on growth and physio-metabolic responses of Chanos chanos fingerlings during stunting. Milk fish fingerlings with a mean body weight of 11.71±0.18 g were stocked in earthen ponds @ 20 no/m2 in each replicate (n=3) was fed @ 2% biomass throughout the experiment. 
Result: Fish fed with T1 diet showed better specific growth rate (0.64±0.01% d-1), weight gain percentage (362.56±14.95) and protease activity (7.53±0.25 U/mg protein). Whereas, lower activity was observed for the enzyme assay, namely superoxide dismutase (45.41±2.50 U/min/mg protein), aspartate aminotransferase (34.01±1.88 U/min/mg protein) and alanine aminotransferase (39.64±0.64 U/min/mg protein). Hence, it may be concluded that the dietary protein inclusion level of 30% CP showed better growth performance and lower physio-metabolic response in milkfish fingerlings during the stunting.

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