Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak
Print ISSN 0367-6722
Online ISSN 0976-0555
NAAS Rating 6.43
Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)
Full Research Article
Nursery Rearing of Penaeus vannamei in Biofloc Systems with Different Salinities and Organic Carbon Sources
First Online 14-01-2022|
Methods: The experiment was conducted in 0.22 m3 tanks with three different salinity groups viz., 35 ppt, 20 ppt and 5 ppt and in each salinity sugar, molasses used as carbon sources to maintain an estimated C/N ratio of 15:1 and controls without carbon sources. Experimental tanks were stocked @6 post larvae/l, with pre-salinity acclimatized P.vannamei seeds having 0.0029±0.0003g size and nursed for a period of 5 weeks.
Result: The nitrogenous waste accumulation was reduced significantly (p<0.05), also average body weight and survival rate of the seeds showed significant difference (p<0.001) between treatments and controls and within treatments (p<0.05). Salinity, carbon sources and their interaction influenced the growth characteristics significantly (p<0.01). The present experiment manifested promising results of bioflocs nurseries in rearing of P. vannamei seeds at different salinities.
- American Public Health Association. (2012). Standard Methods of Examination of Water and Wastewater. (23rd Edn.). APHA, Washington D.C. pp. 1576.
- Avnimelech, Y. (1999). C/N ratio as a control element in aquaculture systems. Aquaculture. 176: 227-235.
- Basavaraja, N. (2013). Efficacy of macrogard (an immunostimulant) on growth and survival in shrimps and carps. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 57(5): 443-448.
- Boyd, C.E., Torrans, E., Tucker, C. (2018). Dissolved Oxygen and Aeration in Ictalurid Catfish Aquaculture. Journal of World Aquaculture Society. 49(1): 1-64.
- Bray, W.A., Lawrence, A.L., Leung-Trujillo, J.R. (1994). The effect of salinity on growth and survival of Penaeus vannamei, with observations on the interaction of IHHN virus and salinity. Aquaculture. 122: 133-146.
- Cortés-Lorenzo, C., Rodríguez-Díaz, M., Sipkema, D., Juárez- Jiménez, B., Rodelas, B., Smidt, H., González-López, J. (2015). Effect of salinity on nitrification efficiency and structure of ammonia-oxidizing bacterial communities in a submerged fixed bed bioreactor. Chemical Engineering Journal. 266: 233-240.
- Criales, M., Zink, I., Browder, J., Jackson, T. (2011). The effect of acclimation salinity and age on the salinity tolerance of pink shrimp post larvae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 409(1-2): 283-289.
- De Morais, A.P.M., Abreu, P.C., Wasielesky, W., Krummenauer, D. (2020). Effect of aeration intensity on the biofilm nitrification process during the production of the white shrimp Penaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) in biofloc and clear water systems. Aquaculture. 514, DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734516.
- Emerenciano, M., Cuzon, G., Paredes, A., Gaxiola, G. (2013). Evaluation of biofloc technology in pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus duorarum culture: Growth performance, water quality, microorganisms profile and proximate analysis of biofloc. Aquaculture International. 21(6): 1381-1394.
- Furtado, P., Poersch, L., Wasielesky, W. (2014). The effect of different alkalinity levels on Litopenaeus vannamei reared with biofloc technology (BFT). Aquaculture International. 23: 345-358.
- Hammer, O., Harper David, A.T., Ryan, P.D. (2001). Past: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontol Electron. 4(1): 4: 9.
- Hostins, B., Wasielesky, W., Decamp, O., Bossier, P., De Schryver, P. (2019). Managing input C/N ratio to reduce the risk of Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease (AHPND) outbreaks in biofloc systems - A laboratory study. Aquaculture. 508: 60-65.
- Khanjani, M.H., Alizadeh, M., Sharifinia, M. (2020). Rearing of the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei in a biofloc system: The effects of different food sources and salinity levels. Aquaculture Nutrition. 25: 328-337.
- Khanjani, M.H., Sajjadi, M.M., Alizadeh, M., Sourinejad, I. (2016). Nursery performance of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) (Boone, 1931) cultivated in a biofloc system: the effect of adding different carbon sources. Aquaculture Research. 48(4): 1491-1501.
- Laramore, S., Laramore, C.R., Scarpa, J. (2001). Effect of low salinity on growth and survival of postlarvae and juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei. Journal of The World Aquaculture Society. 32(4): 385-392.
- Li, E.C., Chen, L., Zeng, C., Chen, X., Yu, Na., Lai, Q., Qin, J. (2007). Growth, body composition, respiration and ambient ammonia nitrogen tolerance of the juvenile white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, at different salinities. Aquaculture. 265: 385-390.
- Lin, Y. and Chen, J. (2001). Acute toxicity of ammonia on Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) juveniles at different salinity levels. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 259(1): 109-119.
- Lin, Y. and Chen, J. (2003). Acute toxicity of nitrite on Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) juveniles at different salinity levels. Aquaculture. 224: 193-201.
- International Office of Epizootics. (2009). Manual of diagnostic tests for aquatic animals (4th Edn.). OIE Paris, France. pp.366.
- Menaga, M., Felix, S., Charulatha, M., Mohanasundari, C., Gopalakannan, A. (2020). Comparison of fertilization prototype on biofloc development and its characteristics in GIFT Tilapia Culture. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(3): 310-316
- Panigrahi, A., Sundaram, M., Chakrapani, S., Rajasekar, S., Syama Dayal, J., Chavali, G. (2019). Effect of carbon and nitrogen ratio (C:N) manipulation on the production performance and immunity of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) in a biofloc-based rearing system. Aquaculture Research. 50: 29- 41.
- Rathipriya, A., Anand, T., Uma, A., Karal Marx, K. (2019). Prevelance of disease casused by white spot virus and Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei in Penaeus vannamei shrimp farms in Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 8(6): 2616-2622.
- Schveitzer, R., Arantes, R., Costódio, P.F.S., Santo, C.M.do E., Arana, L.V., Seiffert, W.Q. andreatta, E.R. (2013). Effect of different biofloc levels on microbial activity, water quality and performance of Litopenaeus vannamei in a tank system operated with no water exchange. Aquacultural Engineering. 56: 59-70.
- Van Wyk, P. (1999). Nutrition and feeding of Litopenaeus vannamei in intensive culture systems. Farming marine shrimp in Recirculating fresh water systems. [(Ed.) Van Wyk, P., Davis-Hodgkins, M., Laramore, R., Main, K.L., Mountain, J. and Scarpa, J.] Harbor branch Oceanographic Institution, Florida. pp. 125-139.
- Van Wyk, P. and Scarpa, J. (1999). Water quality and management. Farming Marine Shrimp in Recirculating Fresh Water Systems. [(Ed.) Van Wyk, P., Davis-Hodgkins, M., Laramore, R., Main, K.L., Mountain, J. and Scarpa, J.] Harbor branch Oceanographic Institution, Florida. pp. 141-161.
- Xu, W.J., Pan, L.Q., Zhao, D.H., Huang, J. (2012). Preliminary investigation into the contribution of bioflocs on protein nutrition of Litopenaeus vannamei fed with different dietary protein levels in zero-water exchange culture tanks. Aquaculture. 350: 147-153.
- Yuvarajan, P., Antony, C., Gopalakannan, A., Mahadevi, N. (2021). Effect of distillery spent wash as carbon source in biofloc system on nutrient profile of GIFT Tilapia. Indian Journal of Animal Research. DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4321.
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.