Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

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Bovine Genome Analysis to Unravel the Location and Feature of Target Sites of RNA-Guided Hyperactivated Recombinase Gin with Spacer Length Six

Shalu Kumari Pathak, Arvind Sonwane, Subodh Kumar
Background: Programmable nucleases are very promising tools of genome editing (GE), but they suffer from limitations including potential risk of genotoxicity which led to the exploration of safer approach of GE based on RNA-guided recombinase (RGR) platform. RNA-guided recombinase (RGR) platform operates on a typical recognition or target site comprised of the minimal pseudo-core recombinase site, a 5 to 6-base pair spacer flanking it and whole this central region is flanked by two guide RNA-specified DNA sequences or Cas9 binding sites followed by protospacer adjacent motifs (PAMs). 
Methods: The current study focuses on analysis of entire cattle genome to prepare a detailed map of target sites for RNA-guided hyperactivated recombinase Gin with spacer length six. For this, chromosome wise whole genomic sequence data was retrieved from Ensembl. After that search pattern for recombinase Gin with spacer length six was designed. By using this search pattern, RGR target sites were located by using dreg program of Emboss package. 
Result: Total number of RGR target sites identified in bovine genome for recombinase Gin was 677 with spacer length six. It was also investigated that whether these RGR target sites are present with in any gene or not and it was found that RGR target sites lies in both genic and intergenic region. Besides this, description of genes in context with these target sites was identified.

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