Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.43

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 11 (november 2021) : 1347-1351

​A Study on Alteration in Serum Biochemical Parameters in Colibacillosis Affected Diarrhoeic Cattle Calves

T.C. Nayak, A.P. Singh, A. Chahar, Savita, R. Yadav, J.P. Kachhawa, S.R. Gupta
1Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner-334 001, Rajasthan, India.
Cite article:- Nayak T.C., Singh A.P., Chahar A., Savita, Yadav R., Kachhawa J.P., Gupta S.R. (2021). ​A Study on Alteration in Serum Biochemical Parameters in Colibacillosis Affected Diarrhoeic Cattle Calves. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(11): 1347-1351. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4502.
Background: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the changes in serum biochemical parameters in colibacillosis affected diarrhoeic cattle calves below one month of age. 
Methods: The study was undertaken at Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India, during the period from September 2018 to March 2019. A total of 32 calves affected with colibacillosis confirmed on the basis of Multiplex PCR (for presence of K99, Stx1 and eaeA genes of E. coli) and eight clinically normal healthy calves (as control) were taken to investigate the serum biochemical profiles. 
Result: Analysis of serum samples of calves affected with colibacillosis revealed significant increase in the values of total protein, albumin, globulin, A/G ratio, blood urea nitogen, creatinine, potassium, total oxidant status andoxidative stress index while there is a significant decrease in the values of glucose, sodium, chloride, bicarbonate, IgG, IgM and total antioxidant status. There were no significant changes observed in the values of ALP, AST and ALT in affected calves as compared to healthy control group of calves.

  1. Altindag, O., Kocyigit, A., Çelik, N., Çelik, H. and Soran, N. (2007). DNA Damage and oxidative stress in patients with osteoarthritis: A pilot study. Rheumatism. 22:60-63.

  2. Aslan, M., Nazligu, Y., Bolukbas, C., Bolukbas, F.F., Horoz, M., Dulger, A.C., Erdur, F.M., Celik, H. and Kocyigit, A. (2011). Peripheral lymphocyte DNA damage and oxidative stress in patients with ulcerative colitis. Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej-Polish Archives of Internal Medicine. 121: 223-9.

  3. Bashir, S., Ashraf, I., Dar, A.M., Majid, A., Bhat, A. and Farooq, J. (2015). Isolation and detection of Escherichia coli from diarrhoeic calves along with biochemical and hematologic parameters. Journal of Cell and Tissue Research. 15(2): 5059-5061.

  4. Bednarsk, I. M. and Kupczyñski, R. (2015). Analysis of acid–base disorders in calves with lactic acidosis using a classic model and strong ion approach. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 39(5): 615-620.

  5. Bellino, C., Arnaudo, F., Biolatti, C., Borrelli, A., Gianella, P., Maurella, C. and D’Angelo, A. (2012). Development of a diagnostic diagram for rapid field assessment of acidosis severity in diarrheic calves. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 240(3): 312-316.

  6. Chand, N. and Pandey, N.N. (2010). Serum immunoglobulin-G concentration in calves fed colostrum. Indian Veterinary Journal. 87(2): 183-184.

  7. Constable, P.D., Hinchcliff, K.W., Done, S.H. and Grünberg, W. (2017). Veterinary medicine: A textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses. 11thedn. Elsevier Health Sciences  2: 1879-1899.

  8. Fernandes, C.E. (2006). Etiology and therapeutic management of calf diarrhoea M.V.Sc., Thesis (Veterinary Medicine) Jawaharlal Nehru KrishiVishwaVidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.

  9. Gay, C.C. (1983). Failure of passive transfer of colostral immunoglobulines and neonatal diseases in calves.  A review. VIDO in proceedings. 4th Int. Symp. Neonatal diarrhoea. pp. 346-364.

  10. Gay, C.C., Anderson, N., Fisher, E.W. and McEwan, A.D. (1965). Gamma globulin levels and neonatal mortality in market calves. Veterinary Record. 77: 148-149.

  11. Grove- White, D.H. and White, D.G. (1999). Abdominal distension in collapsed diarrhoeic calves: biochemical findings and treatment. Veterinary Record. 144: 639-642. 

  12. Gutzwiller, A. (2002). Effect of colostrum intake on diarrhoea incidence in new-born calves. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 144(2): 59- 64.

  13. Kabu, M., Cigerci, I.H., Uyarlar, C. and Celik, H.A. (2015). Determination of pre and post treatment oxidative status and oxidative DNA damage in diarrheic calves. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 49(6): 830-833. 

  14. Kamal, A. (2008). Biochemical studies in Swiss Holstein calves affected by diarrhoea. Research in Veterinary Science. 1(1): 16-27.

  15. Kaur, K., Randhawa, S.S. and Chhabra, S. (2006). Haemato- biochemical profile of diarrhoeic dairy calves affected with colibacilosis. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 26(1): 9-11. 

  16. Kumar, B.K., Shekher, P. and Kumar, N. (2010). A clinical study on neonatal calf diarrhoea. Intas Polivet. 11(2): 233-235.

  17. Lewis, L.P., Phillip, R.W. and Elliot (1975). C.D.: Changes in plasma glucose and lactate concentration and enzyme activities in the neonatal calf with diarrhoea. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 36: 413-16.

  18. Maharishi, T. (2019). Therapeutic Study of Aeglemarmelos in Calf Diarrhoea, M.V.Sc. Thesis submitted to RAJUVAS, Bikaner (Rajasthan).

  19. Manoiu, I., May, I., Costia, V., Marschang, A. and Sinchievici, B. (1972). Changes in blood values in dehydration due to enteritis in calves and their management. Lucrariale, Institutute de Carcetari Veterinaresi Biopreparate. Pasteur. 8: 95-110. Veterinary Bulletin.42:  6415.

  20. Mir, N., Shukla, P.C., Baghel, R.P.S., Dixit, P. and Saroori, A.R. (2010). Haematobiochemical profile of diarrhoeic calves. Veterinary Practitioner. 11(1):  66-68.

  21. Morris, J.A., Wells, G.A.H., Scott, A.C. and Sojka, W.J. (1985). A comparison of methods for demonstrating colonization in the small intestine of piglets by enterotoxigenic E.coli. British Veterinary Journal.141: 484-489.

  22. Natato, J.P. and Kaper, J.B. (1998). Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 11: 42-201.

  23. Radostits, O.M., Gay, C.C., Blood, D.C. and Hinchcliff. (2009). Veterinary Medicine. A text book of diseases of cattle, sheep, Pigs, goats and horses. 10th edn., New York, W.B. Saunders Company Ltd. pp. 779-781.

  24. Sharma, S.K. (2013). Epidemiological, Clinical and Haemato- biochemical Characterization of Calf Diarrhoea and Evaluation of Therapeutic Regimens. Ph.D. Thesis submitted to RAJUVAS, Bikaner (Rajasthan).

  25. Shekhar, S., Ranjan, R., Singh, C.V. and Kumar, P. (2017). Prevalence, Clinicohaemato-Biochemical Alterations in Colibacillosis in Neonatal Calves. International Journal of Current Microbiology. 6(9): 3192-3198. 

  26. Singh, M., Gupta, K.V., Mandal, B.D., Bansal, K.S., Sharma, K.D., Shakya, M. and Gopinath, D. (2014). A study on alteration in haematological parameter in colibacillosis affected calves. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2(7): 746-750.

  27. Sobiech, P., Rekawek, W., Ali, M., Targonski, R., Zarezynska, K. Snarska, A. and Stopyra, A. (2014).Changes in blood acid-base balance parameters and coagulation profile during diarrhoea in calves. Polish Journal Veterinary Science. 16(3): 543-549.

  28. Stair, E.L., Mebus, C.A., Twiehaus, M. . and Underdahl, N.R. (1973). Neonatal Calf Diarrhoea. Electron Microscopy of Intestines Infected with a Reovirus-Like Agent. Veterinary Pathology. 10: 155.

  29. Tasker, J.B. (1991). Fluids, electrolytes and acid base balance. In: clinical biochemistry of domestic animals. Vol. II, 2nd edn. Academic press, NewYork.

  30. Thronton, J.R., Willoughby, R.A. and McSherry, B.J. (1972). Studies on diarrhoea in neonatal calves: the plasma proteins of normal and diarrhoeic calves during first 10 days of age. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine. 36: 17-25.

  31. Walker, P.G., Constable, P.D., Morin, D.E., Foreman, J.H., Drackley, J.K. and Thurmon, J.C. (1998). Comparison of hypertonic saline dextran solution and lactated Ringer’s solution for resuscitating severely dehydrated calves with diarrhoea. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 213: 113-22

Editorial Board

View all (0)