Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak
Print ISSN 0367-6722
Online ISSN 0976-0555
NAAS Rating 6.43
Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)
Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Freshwater and Estuarine Fishes of Thamirabarani River
First Online 21-06-2021|
Methods: Pesticides from fish muscle and their organs were extracted as per AOAC 2007.01 using QuEChERS method. A Gas Chromatograph model Perkin Elmer - equipped with Ni Electron Capture Detector of activity 15 MCi was used for the analysis. A volume of 1.0µl of the extracts was injected. The operating conditions were capillary column Elite-5 capillary column, 60m x 0.25mm, 1.00µm temperature programme: 70ºC (2 min) to 180ºC (I min) 25ºC/min to 300ºC 5ºC/min, Injection temperature: 270ºC, Detector temperature: 300ºC, Carrier gas: Nitrogen at 1.0 mL/min, Make up gas: Nitrogen at 29 mL/min.
Result: Among fishes, rohu accumulated maximum of 0.4014 to 0.605 ug/kg of DDT in station IV and V respectively. Dhananjayan and Muralidharan (2010) reported OCPs in 156 fishes sample from Kaveri river. The average concentration of DDT ranged between 0 and 0.605 ug/kg. Bhuvaneshwari and Babu rajendran (2012) also reported 2.8 ug/g of DDT in fishes from Kaveri river. The low occurrence of DDT in the presence study is mainly due to their rapid degradation with living organisms.
- Anastassiades, M., Lehotay, S.J., Stajnbaher, D. and Schenck, F.J., (2003a). Fast and easy multiresidue method employing acetonitrile extraction/partitioning and “dispersive solid-phase extraction” for the determination of pesticide residues in produce. Journal of AOAC International. 86(2): 412-431.
- Anastassiades, M., Mastovska, K. and Lehotay, S.J., (2003b). Evaluation of analyte protectants to improve gas chromatographic analysis of pesticides. Journal of Chromatography A. 1015(1): 163-184.
- Benezet, H.J. and Matsumara, F. (1973). Isomerization of gamma- BHC to alpha-BHC in the environment. Nature. 243: 480-501.
- Bosnir, J., Puntari, D., Klari, M., Matijana, G., Mirjana, L.K., (2007). Organochlorine pesticides in freshwater fish from the Zagreb area. Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. 58: 187-193.
- Buvanaeshwari, R., Rajendran, R.B., (2012). Induction of DNA damage and mutation in GADD45â gene due to environmentally relevant concentrations of Organochloride Pesticides and Heavy Metals using Zebra fish (Danio rerio). International Journal of Environmental Research. 7(1): 219-224.
- Choudhury, B.H., Das, B.K.and Chutia, P. (2013). Evaluation of pesticide residues in fish tissue samples collected from different markets of Jorhat district of Assam, India. Inter. J. Sci and Eng. Res. 4(12): 2286-2299.
- Dhananjayan, V., Muralidharan, S., (2010). Organochlorine pesticide residues in inland wetland fishes of Karnataka, India and their implications on human dietary intake. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination Toxicology. 85: 619-623.
- Kumarasamy, P., Govindaraj, S., Vignesh, S., Rajendran, R.B. and James, R.A. (2012). Anthropogenic nexus on organochlorine pesticide pollution: A case study with Tamiraparani river basin, South India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 184(6): 3861-3873.
- Malik, A., Ojha, P. and Singh, K. P. (2009). Levels and distribution of persistent organochlorine pesticide residues in water and sediments of Gomti river (India) – a tributary of the Ganges River, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 148: 421-435.
- Mathur, S.C. (1993). Pesticides industry in India. Pesticide Information. 19: 7-15.
- Norli, H.R., Christiansen, A. and Deribe, E. (2011). Application of QuEChERS method for extraction of selected persistent organic pollutants in fish tissue and analysis by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A. 1218 (41): 7234-7241.
- Ravichandran, S., Ramanibai, R. and Pundarikanthan, N.V. (1996). Ecoregions for describing water quality patterns in Tamiraparani basin, South India. Journal of Hydrolog. 178 (1 and 4): 257-276.
- Zhao, Z., Zhang, L., Wu, J. and Fan, C., 2009. Distribution and bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides in surface sediments and benthic organisms from Taihu Lake, China. Chemosphere: 77(9). 1191-1198.
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.