Therapeutic Efficacy of Garlic (Allium sativum), Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globules) Extracts in the Treatment of Bovine Endometritis

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4492    | Article Id: B-4492 | Page : 904-908
Citation :- Therapeutic Efficacy of Garlic (Allium sativum), Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globules) Extracts in the Treatment of Bovine Endometritis.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2022.(56):904-908
D. Gopikrishnan, M. Selvaraju, M. Palanisamy, M. Periyannan, K. Ravikumar, K. Senthilkumar drmselvaraju1969@gmail.com
Address : Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Namakkal-637 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
Submitted Date : 21-04-2021
Accepted Date : 10-09-2021


Background: Endometritis is one of the major causes of subfertility in bovines. The present study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of ethanolic extracts of garlic, turmeric and eucalyptus in the treatment of bovine endometritic as an alternative to antibiotics. 
Methods: Forty crossbred cows affected with endometritis were equally divided into 4 groups. Group I (control) cows were treated intrauterinely (i.u) with streptopenicillin 2.5 g + 30 ml normal saline for 3 days and group II, III and IV cows were treated (i.u) with 30-40 ml of ethanolic extract of garlic, turmeric and eucalyptus for 3 consecutive days. The animals were inseminated artificially on subsequent estrus after the treatment. 
Result: Bacterial count in uterine flushing declined significantly after treatment in all the four groups. The percentage of reduction in bacterial count was higher in garlic treated cows than in control and other treatment groups. A significant increase in percentage of PMNs was found after treatment in all the groups. The overall conception rate was 40% in control group, 50% in group II and 30% in group III and IV. It was concluded that ethanolic extract of garlic for the treatment of endometritis resulted in better conception rate and significantly higher percentage reduction of bacterial load than other treatment and control groups.


Bovine Endometritis Eucalyptus Garlic Turmeric


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