Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.44

  • SJR .282 (2022)

  • Impact Factor .427 (2022)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus

Evaluation of Crossbreeding Parameters for Immunocompetence and Serum Enzyme Profile in a Partial Diallel Cross Involving Three Genetic Groups of Chicken

Mayur M. Vispute, Vishesh K. Saxena, Raj Narayan, Simmi Tomar, Jaydip J. Rokade, Chandrahas, Med Ram Verma
  • Email
1ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Cite article:- Vispute M. Mayur, Saxena K. Vishesh, Narayan Raj, Tomar Simmi, Rokade J. Jaydip, Chandrahas, Verma Ram Med (2022). Evaluation of Crossbreeding Parameters for Immunocompetence and Serum Enzyme Profile in a Partial Diallel Cross Involving Three Genetic Groups of Chicken. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 56(9): 1063-1070. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4322.
Background: Poultry production in rural India is mostly a non-intensive venture comprising native chicken with low production potential but higher disease resistance and adaptability. Present study is attempted for developing a suitable cross for rural poultry production as well as identifying the genetic groups that are nicking well through a partial diallel cross. 
Methods: A partial diallel cross using three genetic groups/ breeds of chicken viz. coloured synthetic male line (CSML), Local native chicken (Desi) and CARI-Red as the parent lines was designed. CSML was used as male and CR as female line only. The progenies were evaluated for crossbreeding parameters viz. combining abilities and heterosis for immune response and serum enzyme profile to identify the best combining parent lines.
Result: Significantly higher (P<0.05) cell-mediated (CMI) and humoral immune response (HIR) and immune organ (spleen, bursa of fabricius and thymus) weights were recorded in CR purebred followed by Desi purebred, while CSML purebred exhibited lowest immunity. Variances for SCA differed significantly (P<0.001) for HIR and immune organ weights. Inconsistent but significantly higher (P<0.01) serum enzymes (AST, ALT and ALP) and AST/ALT ratio were recorded in triple cross and D x CR. Variances for SCA differed significantly (P<0.05) for serum enzymes. Results revealed that the CARI-Red and Desi were the improver parent lines for better immunocompetence and serum enzyme profile, respectively in the crosses.
  1. Ahmed, K.A., Saxena, V.K., Ara, A., Singh, K.B., Sundaresan, N.R., Saxena, M. and Rasool, T.J. (2007). Immune response to Newcastle disease virus in chicken lines divergently selected for cutaneous hypersensitivity. Int. J. Immunogenet. 34(6): 445-455.
  2. Allan, W.H., Lancaster, J.E. and Toth, B. (1978). Newcastle disease vaccines, their production and use. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  3. Cheema, M.A., Qureshi, M.A. and Havenstein, G.B. (2003). A comparison of the immune profile of commercial broiler strains when raised on marginal and high protein diets. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 2: 300-312.
  4. Corrier, D.E. and Deloach, J.R. (1990). Interdigital skin test for evaluation of delayed hypersensitivity and cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity in young chickens. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 51: 950.
  5. Farley, J.R. and Baylink, D.J. (1986). Skeletal alkaline phosphatase activity as a bone formation index in vitro. Metabolism. 35(6): 563-571.
  6. Griffing, B. (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 9: 463-493.
  7. Gupta, S., Das, A. and Kageyama, S. (1995). Single replicate orthogonal block designs for circulant partial diallel crosses. Communications in Statistics-Theory and Methods. 24 (10): 2601-2607.
  8. Haunshi, S. and Sharma, D. (2002). Immunocompetence in native and exotic chicken populations and their crosses developed for rural farming. Indian Journal of Poultry Science. 37(1): 10-15.
  9. ICAR (2013). Nutrient Requirements of Animals-Poultry. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi: ICAR-NIANP. pp. 13-16.
  10. IFCC methods for the measurement of catalytic concentration of enzymes. (1986). J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem. 24: 497.
  11. Kind, P.R.H. and King, E.J. (1954). Estimation of plasma phosphatase by determination ofhydrolysed phenol with amino-antipyrine. Journal of Clinical Pathology. 7: 322-326.
  12. King, D.J. (1999). A comparison of the onset of protection induced by Newcastle disease virus strain B1 and a fowl poxvirus recombinant Newcastle disease vaccine to a viscerotropic velogenic Newcastle disease virus challenge. Avian Diseases. 745-755.
  13. Króliczewska, B., Miœta, D., Króliczewski, J., Zawadzki, W., Kubaszewski, R., Wincewicz, E. and Szopa, J. (2017). A new genotype of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) with decreased susceptibility to fat oxidation: Consequences to hematological and biochemical profiles of blood indices. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 97(1): 165-171.
  14. Nath, M., Singh, B.P., Saxena, V.K. and Singh, R.V. (2007). Analyses of crossbreeding parameters for juvenile body weights in broiler chicken. Journal of applied Animal Research. 32: 101-106.
  15. Nath, M., Singh, B.P., Saxena, V.K., Singh, R.V. and Dev Roy, A.K. (2001). Genetic Analysis of Concanavalin-A Response in Broilers. Journal of Applied Animal Research. 20(2): 171-180.
  16. Qujeq, D. and Aliakbarpour, H.R. (2005). Serum activities of enzymes in broiler chickens that died from sudden death syndrome. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 8(8): 1078-1080.
  17. Rajkumar, U., Sharma, R.P., Padhi, M.K., Rajaravindra, K.S., Reddy, B.L.N., Niranjan, M. and Chatterjee, R.N. (2011). Genetic analysis of juvenile growth and carcass traits in a full diallel mating in selected colored broiler lines. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 43(6): 1129-1136.
  18. Reddy, N.R., Panda, A.K., Prharaj, N.K., Rao, S.V.R., Chaudhuri,D. and Sharma, R.P. (2002). Comparative evaluation of immune-competence and disease induced purpose chicken vanaraja and gramapriyavis a vis colored synthetic broiler. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 72: 6-8.
  19. Schilling, P.E., Bogart, R. and Rowe, K.E. (1968). Estimation of combining abilities from a diallel cross of three inbred lines of Suffolk sheep. USDA Tech. Bull. 105: 1-34.
  20. Senanayake, S.S.H.M.M.L., Ranasinghe, J.G.S., Waduge, R., Nizanantha, K. and Alexander, P.A.B.D. (2015). Changes in the serum enzyme levels and liver lesions of broiler birds reared under different management conditions. Tropical Agricultural Research. 26(4): 584-595.
  21. Shivakumar, B.M. and Kumar, S. (2005). Influence of divergent selection based on response to sheep red blood cells on other immunological traits in White Leghorn chicken. Aust. Poult. Sci. Symp. 17: 132-133.
  22. Silanikove, N. and Tiomkin, D. (1992). Toxicity induced by poultry litter consumption: Effect on measurements reflecting liver function in beef cows. Animal Science. 54(2): 203-209. 
  23. Singh, R.V. and Singh, D.P. (2004). Possibilities of exploitation of indigenous poultry germplasm. Paper presented in National Symposium on Livestock biodiversity vis-à-vis resource exploitation: An introspection, held at NBAGR, Karnal, India. pp: 21-30.
  24. Sivaraman G.K., Kumar, S., Saxena, V.K., Singh, N.S., Shivakumar, B.M. and Muthukumar, S.P. (2005). Genetics of Immunocompetent traits in a Synthetic Broiler Dam Line. Brit. Poult. Sci. 46: 169-174.
  25. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1980). Statistical Methods. 7th Ed. Iowa State University USA.pp. 80-86.
  26. Thapa, K. (2018). Genetic evaluation of pure and crossbreds in partial diallel involving coloured broiler as male line with Desi and CARI Red. MV.Sc. Thesis submitted to ICAR-IVRI Deemed University, Izatnagar.
  27. Tukey, J.W. (1953). Some selected quick and easy methods of statistical analysis. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences. 16: 88-97. 
  28. Van Boven, M., Bouma, A., Fabri, T.H.F., Katsma, E., Hartog, L. and Koch, G. (2008). Herd immunity to Newcastle disease virus in poultry by vaccination. Avian Pathology. 37(1): 1-5.
  29. Van Der Zijpp, A.J., Frankena, J.A., Boneschanscher, J. and Nieuwland, M.G.B. (1983). Genetic analysis of primary and secondary immune responses in the chicken. Poultry Science. 62: 565-572. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)