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Evaluation of Crossbreeding Parameters for Immunocompetence and Serum Enzyme Profile in a Partial Diallel Cross Involving Three Genetic Groups of Chicken

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4322    | Article Id: B-4322 | Page : 1063-1070
Citation :- Evaluation of Crossbreeding Parameters for Immunocompetence and Serum Enzyme Profile in a Partial Diallel Cross Involving Three Genetic Groups of Chicken.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2022.(56):1063-1070
Mayur M. Vispute, Vishesh K. Saxena, Raj Narayan, Simmi Tomar, Jaydip J. Rokade, Chandrahas, Med Ram Verma mayurmv125@gmail.com
Address : ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 28-09-2020
Accepted Date : 8-12-2020

Abstract

Background: Poultry production in rural India is mostly a non-intensive venture comprising native chicken with low production potential but higher disease resistance and adaptability. Present study is attempted for developing a suitable cross for rural poultry production as well as identifying the genetic groups that are nicking well through a partial diallel cross. 
Methods: A partial diallel cross using three genetic groups/ breeds of chicken viz. coloured synthetic male line (CSML), Local native chicken (Desi) and CARI-Red as the parent lines was designed. CSML was used as male and CR as female line only. The progenies were evaluated for crossbreeding parameters viz. combining abilities and heterosis for immune response and serum enzyme profile to identify the best combining parent lines.
Result: Significantly higher (P<0.05) cell-mediated (CMI) and humoral immune response (HIR) and immune organ (spleen, bursa of fabricius and thymus) weights were recorded in CR purebred followed by Desi purebred, while CSML purebred exhibited lowest immunity. Variances for SCA differed significantly (P<0.001) for HIR and immune organ weights. Inconsistent but significantly higher (P<0.01) serum enzymes (AST, ALT and ALP) and AST/ALT ratio were recorded in triple cross and D x CR. Variances for SCA differed significantly (P<0.05) for serum enzymes. Results revealed that the CARI-Red and Desi were the improver parent lines for better immunocompetence and serum enzyme profile, respectively in the crosses.

Keywords

Chicken Immunocompetence Partial diallel Serum enzymes

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