Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 11 (november 2021) : 1315-1322

Clinico-diagnosis and Surgico-therapeutic Management of Lower Urinary Tract Disorders in Dogs

J.J. Parmar, P.V. Parikh, M.T. Panchal, D.J. Ghodasara, B.B. Bhanderi
1Veterinary Clinical Complex, Veterinary College, Anand-388 001, Gujarat, India.
Cite article:- Parmar J.J., Parikh P.V., Panchal M.T., Ghodasara D.J., Bhanderi B.B. (2021). Clinico-diagnosis and Surgico-therapeutic Management of Lower Urinary Tract Disorders in Dogs. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(11): 1315-1322. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4239.
Background: The available literature and work done so far on diagnosis and therapeutic management of lower urinary tract affections in canine practice is very meagre specially on urethro-cystoscopic examinations, medicinal dissolution of calculi and immunotherapy for neoplasia of UB in dogs. 
Methods: The present study was carried in 55 dogs with lower urinary tract affections classify according to pathological conditions and therapeutic management. The diagnostic modalities like radiography, ultrasonography in all dogs, urethro-cystoscopy in seven dogs and their findings were studied. The response of therapeutics were also studied.
Conclusion: The dogs having small size calculi treated according to urine pH with oral medicinal dissolution using Ammonium Chloride (Group 1A, n=9) and Di Sodium Hydrogen Citrate (Group 1B, n=10) for sixty days, Group 1C (n=25) dogs with cystitis (n=17) subjected for bacterial culture treated according to sensitive antibiotics, TCC of bladder (n=7) with immunotherapy using BCG vaccine and a dog with leiomyosarcoma with cystotomy. The dogs (Group 2, n=11) with large size calculi (n=10), a lodge catheter in UB and dogs (Group 3, n=6) did not responded medicinal dissolution from group 1A (n=2) and 1B (n=4) treated surgically. One to multiple, variable size recovered calculi (n=24) revealed highest brown colour grossly, calcium oxalate type, higher in Pomeranian breed and dogs fed with combination of vegetarian and commercial feed.
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