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Genetic Evaluation of Egg Production and Egg Quality Attributes in Japanese Quails through Partial Periods

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4205    | Article Id: B-4205 | Page : 1393-1400
Citation :- Genetic Evaluation of Egg Production and Egg Quality Attributes in Japanese Quails through Partial Periods.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2021.(55):1393-1400
M. Monika, J.J. Rokadae, R. Narayan, Med Ram Verma, Snehasmita Panda, Jyotirmoy Saharia jaydeepvet@gmail.com
Address : Division of Avian Breeding and Genetics, ICAR-Central Avian Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Bareilly-243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 4-06-2020
Accepted Date : 10-10-2020

Abstract

Background: Egg production efficiency is typically measured through age and body weight at sexual maturity, egg number and egg weight during certain production periods. Increased egg weight and number of eggs are the primary purpose of the laying bird breeding programmes. Partial period analysis enhances selection process as the variations occurring throughout the bird’s productive life are identified and helps in the selection decisions. The current study aimed to study the genetic parameters such as heritability, phenotypic and genetic correlations to improve egg production performance and egg quality traits in Japanese quail reared at the Central Avian Research Institute (CARI).
Methods: In present investigation, data recording was carried out from the Japanese quail population at experimental quail farm, CARI during 2019-2020. The individual mating was conducted between 180 sires and 180 dams of three varieties of Japanese quails were randomly selected from the base populations to develop first generation of experimental population. The hatched chicks were wing banded and the pedigree details recorded. For economic traits such as egg production and egg quality estimation, 40 sires and 40 dams were selected and parameters were evaluated. 
Result: In this present investigation, egg number from 10-16th week of age exhibited moderate to high heritable values. Egg weight was estimated moderate heritability traits. In egg quality traits, all values were moderate to high heritable values except yolk density in all the three varieties. 

Keywords

Correlation Egg production traits Egg quality Heritability Selection

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