Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 12 (december 2021) : 1416-1420

Effect of Biostimulation on Some Behavioral Aspects and Energy Balance of Sahiwal Cows during Peri-estrual Period

Manmohan Singh Rajput, M.L. Kamboj, Nishant Kumar
1ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Rajput Singh Manmohan, Kamboj M.L., Kumar Nishant (2021). Effect of Biostimulation on Some Behavioral Aspects and Energy Balance of Sahiwal Cows during Peri-estrual Period. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(12): 1416-1420. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4186.
Background: Energy is the major nutrient needed for dairy cattle and its insufficient intake has a detrimental effect on their reproductive activity. 
Methods: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of biostimulation on behaviour and energy balance of Sahiwal cows during peri-estrus through 2 types of bull contact. For this, 24 postpartum cows were divided into 3 similar groups (T0, T1 and T2) of 8 cows each. In T0, cows were not exposed to bull; in T1 the cows were exposed to bull through a fence-line contact and in T2, the cows were in direct bull contact for 12 hours daily. 
Result: In first post-partum estrus, the feeding time was non-significant among 3 groups but in second estrus, mean time spent on feeding was significantly (p<0.05) lower in T0 than T1 and T2 groups. The mean rumination time on d-0 of first estrus was significantly (p<0.01) lower in T1 and T2 cows as compared to T0 cows. Mean rumination time on d-0 in second estrus was significantly (p<0.05) lower in T1 and T2 than in T0. Mean resting times in first estrus in T1 and T2 were significantly lower (p<0.05) than in T0. Mean resting time in d-0 of second estrus was significantly (p<0.05) lower in T1 and T2 than the T0. There was no significant difference in the mean dry matter intake and levels of BHBA and NEFA among 3 groups of cows. It was concluded that biostimulation of Sahiwal cows through direct or fence-line bull contact during peri-estrus period highly reduced their feeding, rumination and resting times without affecting their energy balance as compared to non-bull exposed cows.
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