Loading...

Histometrical Changes in the Thyroid Gland of Chabro Chicken Reared during Summer and Winter Seasons

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4176    | Article Id: B-4176 | Page : 979-984
Citation :- Histometrical Changes in the Thyroid Gland of Chabro Chicken Reared during Summer and Winter Seasons.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2021.(55):979-984
Amit Singh Vishen, Varsha Gupta, S.P. Singh, Abhinov Verma, Rakesh Kumar Gupta, Hemant Kumar, K.N. Singh, Mukesh Kumar  amitvishen56@gmail.com
Address : Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, U.P. Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya Evam Go-Anusandhan Sansthan, (DUVASU), Mathura-281 001, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 13-05-2020
Accepted Date : 1-09-2020

Abstract

Background: Chabro is a strain of poultry birds especially designed for backyard farming and is more adoptive to climatic variations in the tropics. The thyroid gland plays an important role in controlling basal metabolic rate. The histoarchitectural changes of the gland in association with seasonal changes has not been studied so far in Chabro. The present study describes the season related variations in the histometry of  thyroid gland.
Methods: Micrometrical studies were conducted on thyroid gland of eight to ten weeks old 24 apparently healthy Chabro chickens procured from Poultry Farm, DUVASU, Mathura after approval of CPCSEA. For this study the chickens were divided into two groups consist of 12 chickens in each group reared in summer and winter seasons.
Result: Histologically, the thyroid gland was composed of stroma and parenchyma. The capsule had outer thick adipose and inner thin fibrous layers. The follicles were filled with colloid produced by the follicular cells. The percentage of small follicles was more followed by medium and large follicles. The follicles were lined by simple squamous epithelium in summer and cuboidal epithelial cells in winter. All micrometrical parameters, amount of reticular fibers, percentage of large and active follicles were higher in winter.  

Keywords

Chabro chicken Histology Histometry Thyroid gland Season

References

  1. Arneja, D.V., Sharma, D.N. and Dixit, V.P. (1986). Histomorphological studies on the thyroid gland of white pekin ducks after induced hypothyroidism and their treatment with L-thyroxin. Indian Journal of Poultry Science. 21(1): 24-28.
  2. Balasundaram, K. and Mookkappan, M. (2000). Histomorphology of the thyroid gland in domestic fowl. Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 31: 28-31. 
  3. Balasundaram, K. (1995). Microanatomical studies on the thyroid gland in the domestic fowl. PhD thesis submitted to Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Chennai. 
  4. Bancroft, J.D. and Stevens, A. (1977). Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburg.
  5. Banks, W.J. (1993). Applied Veterinary Histology. 3rd Edition. Mosby- year Book, Inc., Philadelphia.
  6. Beyzai, A.R. and Adibmoradi, M. (2010). Histological and Histometrical changes of ostrich thyroid gland during summer and winter seasons in Tehran, Iran. African Journal of Biotechnology. 10(8): 1496-1501.
  7. Copenhaver, W.M., Kelly, D.E. and Wood, R.L. (1975). Bailey’s Textbook of Histology, 17th Edition. The William and Wilkins company, Baltimore.
  8. Firdous, D. and Lucy, K. (2013a). Histomorphological Studies on the Thyroid Gland in female Kuttanad duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus). Tamil Nadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 9(3): 166-171.
  9. Firdous, D. and Lucy, K. (2013b). Epithelial Diversification of Thyroid Gland in Kuttanad Duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) - A Postnatal Study. British Journal of Poultry Science. 2(1): 07-10. 
  10. Lucy, K.M., Maya, S., Indu, V.R., Joseph, L. and Patki, H.S. (2009). Age related changes in the Histomorphology of thyroid gland in Kuttanad ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus). In proceedings of IV World Waterfowl Conference, Thrissur, India, pp 244- 249.
  11. Luna, L.G. (1968). Manual of Histological Staining Methods of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, New York.
  12. Parchami, A. and Fatahian, D.R.F. (2012). Histological Structure of Thyroid Gland in Duck: A Light and Elecetron Microscopic Study. International Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences. 6: 266-269.
  13. Paul, B., Islam, M.N., Bhuiyan, M.J., Islam, M.N. and Adhikary, G.N. (2011). Histology and Histometry of the Thyroid Gland of Indigenous Chicken (Gallus gallus) of Bangladesh. International Journal of Biological Research. 11(1): 22-28.
  14. Penel, C., Rognoni, J.B. and Bastiani, P. (1985). Thyroid morphological and functional heterogeneity: impact on iodine secretion. General Physiology and Biophysics. 4: 55- 68. 
  15. Sathyamoorthy, O.R. and Vijayaragavan, C. (1997). Histological studies on the thyroid gland of the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy. 9: 36-40.
  16. Singh, Y. and Bharadwaj, M.B. (1982). Histological and certain histochemical studies on the thyroid gland of the white leghorn chicken. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 52: 552-556. 
  17. Sinha, S., Sarma, M. and Choudhary, K.B.D. (2015). Histological study of follicles in Thyroid Gland of Pati Ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) of Assam at Different age groups. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 4(1): 2390-2391.
  18. Sinha, S., Sarma, M. and Choudhury, K.B.D. (2016). Histomorphology of Thyroid gland and Thyroid hormonal changes in Pati ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) of Assam with age. Theriogenology Insight. 6(1): 19-25. 
  19. Suryawanshi, R.D., Ladukar, N., Shankhpal, V.D., Ladukar, O.N., Narkhede, H.P. and Shirsikar, P.M. (2009). Microstructure of thyroid gland in quail (Cortunix cortunix japonica). The Indian Journal of Field Veterinarians. 5: 18-21.
  20. Whittow, G.C. (2000). Sturkie’s Avian Physiology, Academic press, New York, London, pp 461-471.
  21. Wight, P.A.L. and Shannon, D.W.L. (1985). The morphology of the thyroid glands of quails and fowls maintained on the diet containing rape seed. Avian Pathology. 14: 383-399.

Global Footprints