Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 10 (october 2021) : 1246-1250

A Case of Parasitic Fibrino-necrotic Enteritis in A Rottweiler Dog

Vikas Nehra, Sukhdeep Vohra, Vijay Kadian, Deepika Lather, Charlie Sharma
1Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India. 
Cite article:- Nehra Vikas, Vohra Sukhdeep, Kadian Vijay, Lather Deepika, Sharma Charlie (2021). A Case of Parasitic Fibrino-necrotic Enteritis in A Rottweiler Dog. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(10): 1246-1250. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4155.
Background: A Rottweiler male dog carcass (7 years) with clinical history of inappetence, pyrexia, diarrhoea and nasal discharge was received in the post mortem hall of the Department of Veterinary Pathology, LUVAS, Hisar, Haryana. The current work was aimed to study the clinical history, pathological and parasitological examination in the Rottweiler male dog carcass. 
Methods: After collection of the samples, laboratory work was undertaken in the laboratories of Department of Veterinary Pathology and Veterinary Parasitology, LUVAS, Hisar, Haryana (India) in the year 2018-2019 regarding the examination of the clinical history, pathological and parasitological investigation.
Result: Necropsy revealed anaemic mucous membranes; pale conjunctiva; hydrothorax; hydroperitoneum; lungs and heart were congested, blackish discolouration of liver; fully distended gall bladder; congested along with thickened intestinal mucosa; intestinal lumen contained white nematode as well as long creamy cestodes identified as Toxocara canis and Dipylidium caninum, respectively. Histopathologically, intestine revealed presence of severe fibrino-necrotic enteritis characterized by infiltration of mono nuclear cells, degeneration and desquamation of microvilli, congested blood vessels and haemorrhages. Spleen revealed acute splenitis with presence of severe hemorrhages along with neutrophilic infiltration. Liver revealed areas of necrotic hepatitis. The case was confirmed as parasitic fibino-necrotic enteritis due to mixed infection by Toxocara canis and Dipylidium caninum. 
  1. Barrios, M., liya, M.J., Reyna, A., Lorenzo, M., Action, I. (1989). Isolation of parvovirus from a dog with haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in cuba. Revista Cubana De Ciencias Veterinarias. 20: 297-304.
  2. Barutzki, D. and Schaper, R. (2003). Endoparasites in dogs and cats in Germany 1999-2002. Parasitology Research. 90: 5148-5150.
  3. Bonagura, J. and Twedt, D. (2008). Kirk’s Current Veterinary Therapy XIV. Small Animal Practice. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, London. pp. 1440.
  4. Choudhary, S.P., Kalimuddin, M., Prasad, G., Verma, B.B. and Narayan, K.G. (1985). Observation on normal and experimental salmonellosis in dogs. Journal of Diarrhoeal Disease Research. 3: 149-153.
  5. Cornelius, L.M. and Wingfield, W.E. (1980). Veterinary Internal Medicine. Ettinger (6th Edn.). Philadelphia.
  6. Dubey, J.P., Thomazin, K.B., Garner, M.M. (1998). Enteritis associated with coccidiosis in a German Shepherd dog. Canine Practice. 23: 5-9.
  7. Hayden, D.W. and Kruiningen, H.J. (1975). Experimentally induced canine toxocariasis: laboratory examinations and pathologic changes, with emphasis on the gastrointestinal tract. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 36: 1605-14.
  8. Hoskins, J.D. (1997). Update on canine parvoviral enteritis. Veterinary Medicine. 92: 694-709.
  9. Kleinschmidt, S., Meneses, F., Nolte, I., Hewicker-Trautwein, M. (2006). Retrospective study on the diagnostic value of full thickness biopsies from the stomach and intestines of dogs with chronic gastrointestinal disease symptoms. Veterinary Pathology. 43: 1000-3.
  10. Kumar, S.K., Reddy, M.P., Choudhuri, P.C. (2001). A rare case of mixed infestation of D. caninum and A. caninum in Doberman dogs and its therepy. Veterinary Practitioner. 2: 57-58.
  11. Lloyd, S., Wijesundera, M.K., Soulsby, E.J. (1991): Intestinal changes in puppies infected with Toxocara canis. Journal of Comparative Pathology. 105: 93-104.
  12. Luna, L.G. (1968). Manual of histologic staining methods. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York. pp. 16-28, 38-39, 119-120, 226-228.
  13. Mohan, R., Nauriyal, D.C., Singh, K.B. (1993). Canine parvoviral haemorrhagic gastroenteritis- a clinio- therapeutic study. Journal of Animal Science. 8: 153-155.
  14. Ndiritu, L.G. and Sadi, H.I. (1977). Canine hookworm disease in Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of Small Animal Practice. 8: 199-205.
  15. Nho, W., Sur, J.H., Doster, A.R., Kim, S.B. (1997). Detection of canine parvovirus in naturally infected dogs with enteritis and myocarditis by in situ hybridization. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 9: 255-260. 
  16. Paul, O.B. and William, S. (1973). Gastroenterology. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association. 64: 246.
  17. Prada, J., Baljer, G., Steinruck, H., Zimmernann, S., Stophanm, R., Bevtin L De Rycki, J. (1991). Characteristics of alpha hemolytic strains of Escherichia coli isolated from dogs with gastroenteritis. Veterinary Microbiology. 29: 59-73.
  18. Rao, S.S. and Suryanarayana, C. (1995). Clinico-biochemical and therapeutic studies on toxocariasis in dogs. Indian Veterinary Journal. 12: 1076-1079.
  19. Reshid, M. (1988). Preliminary survey of gastrointestinal helminths in dogs, Cysticerco­sis tenuicollis in sheep and goats, hydatidosis in sheep, goats and cattle at Wollaita Awraja. DVM thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University.
  20. Sandhu, S.S., Singh, S., Nauriyal, D.C. (1997). Studies on the haematological changes in experimental canine ancylostomiasis. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 17: 6-9.
  21. Savilla, T.M. (2009). Prevalence of intestinal parasite infection in symptomatic and asymptomatic dogs in southwestern West Virginia: the potential impact on human health. Veterinary Parasitology. 25: 13.
  22. Shimelis, S. (1994). Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths of dogs in Debre Zeit, Ethi­opia. A DVM thesis. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University.
  23. Soulsby, E.J.L. (1982). Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals (7th Edn.). Bailliere Tindall, London.
  24. Toma, B. and Moraillon, A. (1980). Infection of the dog by a coronavirus antigenically related to porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus. Recueil de Medecine Veterinaire. 156: 464-470.
  25. Traub, R.J., Robertson, I.D., Irwin, P., Mencke, N., Thompsan, R.C. (2002). The role of dogs in transmission of gastrointestinal parasites in a remote tea-growing community in northeastern India. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 67: 539-545.
  26. Turk, J., Fales, N., Miller, M., Paer, L., Fesches, J., Gasser, H. (1992). Enteric Clostridium perfringens infections associated with parvovirus enteritis in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 200: 991-994. 
  27. William, R., Drucker, M.D., John, H., Davis, M.D., William, D., Holden, M.D., James, R., Reagen, M.D. (1964). Hemorrhagic necrosis of the intestine. A clinical syndrome presence without organic vascular occlusion. Archives of Surgery. 89: 42-53. 
  28. Zelon, D.B. (2003). Dogs, Humans and Gastrointestinal Parasites: Unraveling Epide­miological and Zoonotic Relationships in an endemic Tea-growing Community in Northeast India. [Retrieved from website: http://www.lookd/dogs].

Editorial Board

View all (0)