Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 9 (september 2021) : 1105-1110

The Morphometric Scale to Predict the Live Weight of Malpura Sheep in Semi-arid Region of Rajasthan

Arun Kumar, P.K. Mallick, S.S. Misra, R.C. Sharma, G.R. Gowane
1Animal Genetics and Breeding Division, ICAR-Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar-304 501, Rajasthan, India.
Cite article:- Kumar Arun, Mallick P.K., Misra S.S., Sharma R.C., Gowane G.R. (2021). The Morphometric Scale to Predict the Live Weight of Malpura Sheep in Semi-arid Region of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(9): 1105-1110. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4147.
Background: The Malpura sheep is hardy breed of semi-arid region of Rajasthan. Farmers do not get the due share for their heavy weight lambs as animals are never sold on weight basis. Researchers have worked out the ways of predicting the live weight of sheep/goats using body measurements. However, very few studies have tried to address this issue, especially in India. Aim of this study was to construct a prediction scale for live weight of sheep using simple measure of heart girth and body length, such scale will further benefit the shepherds to guess the live weight of the lambs sold and expect the desired price from the customer. 
Methods: The present study was conducted on 1164 records of 823 Malpura sheep at CSWRI, Avikanagar. The data on live weight (N=1164) and corresponding morphometric measures on heart girth and body length were digitalized and subjected to analysis. we used 14 linear predictors and regressed them on the live weight to obtain the estimates of regression, coefficient of determination and derived the prediction equations using the regression coefficients for prediction of live weights. 
Result: Our study revealed that it is possible to create a measurement scale for prediction of live weight of the sheep using simple arithmetic. Several linear regression scales using body length and heart girth were developed. The best scale (L+G) had a prediction equation as: Y = -49.743+0.576L+0.562G, where Y is live weight. The R2 was 0.883, which was not significantly more than linear regression scale (L+G). This will help the farmers to quite confidently score animals for their live weights across all the age groups. With the help of measurement tape, he can easily measure the heart girth and the body length of the sheep. 
  1. Abdel-Moneim, A.Y. (2009). Body and carcass characteristics of Ossimi, Barki and Rahmani ram lambs raised under intensive production system. Egyptian Journal of Sheep and Goats Sciences. 4: 1-16.
  2. Afolayan, R.A., Adeyinka, I.A. and Lakpini and C.A.M. (2006). The estimation of live weight from body measurements in Yankasa sheep. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 51: 343 - 348.
  3. Agamy, R., Abdel-Moneim, A.Y., Abd-Alla, M.S., Abdel-Mageed, I.I. and Ashmawi, G.M. (2015). Using Linear Body Measurements to Predict Body Weight and Carcass Characteristics of Three Egyptian Fat-Tailed Sheep Breeds. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 10: 335-344.
  4. Ambarcıoğlu, P., Kaya, U., Özen, D. and Gürcan, İ.S. (2017). An examination of the relationships between live weight and body measurements in Karacabey Merino sheep through the path analysis approach. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg. 23: 857-863.
  5. Delage, J., Poly, J., Vissac, B. (1955). ÉTUDE DE L’EFFICACITÉ RELATIVE DES DIVERSES FORMULES DE BARYMÉTRIE APPLICABLES AUX BOVINS. Annales de zootechnie. 4: 219-231.
  6. Gowane, G.R., Chopra, A., Prince, L.L.L. and Sharma, R.C. (2015b). Growth performance appraisal of Malpura and Kheri sheep under field conditions. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants. 21: 24-27.
  7. Gowane, G.R., Kumar, A. and Nimbkar, C. (2019). Challenges and opportunities to livestock breeding programmes in India. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics. 136: 329-338.
  8. Gowane, G.R., Prince, L.L.L., Lopes, F.B., Paswan, C. and Sharma, R.C. (2015a). Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates of liveweight and daily gain traits in Malpura sheep using Bayesian approach. Small Ruminant Research. 128: 10-18
  9. Gowane, G.R., Chopra, A., Prakash, V. and Arora, A.L. (2010). Estimates of (co)variance components and genetic parameters for body weights and first greasy fleece weight in Malpura sheep. Livestock Science 131: 94-101. 
  10. Jyoti, Akram, N, Kumar, R, Kashyap, S.K., Kumar, A. and Gowane, G.R. (2018). Variability of myostatin gene and its association with growth traits in Malpura sheep. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants. 24: 230-238.
  11. Kobayashi, K. and Salam, M.U. (2000). Comparing simulated andmeasured values using mean squared deviation and its components. Agronomy Journal. 92: 345-352.
  12. Kumar, A., Singh, U., Sharma, R.C., Kumar, S. and A.L., Arora. (2008). Malpura: A mutton breed of sheep needs to be conserved. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 78: 740-745.
  13. Kumar, S., Dahiya, S.P., Malik, Z.S. and Patil, C.S. (2018). Prediction of body weight from linear body measurements in sheep. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52: 1263-1266.
  14. Mishra, A.K., Arora, A.L., Kumar Sushil, Sharma, R.C. and Singh, V.K. (2005). Malpura: A mutton breed of sheep. A technical bulletin, CSWRI, Avikanagar, p. 5.
  15. Nigm, A.A., O.M. Abdalla, M.B. Aboul-Ela, H.M. Kamel and M.A. Ahmed, (1995). Meat characteristics of sheep and goat breeds commonly consumed in UAE. 2. Use of body dimensions for predicting body and carcass weights. Emirates journal of agricultural sciences. 7: 39-54.
  16. Thys, E. and Hardouin, J. (1991). Prediction of sheep body weight in markets in the far north Cameroon. Livestock Research for Rural Development 3(1):
  17. Yilmaz, O., Cemal, I. and Karaca, O. (2013). Estimation of mature live weight using some body measurements in Karya sheep. Tropical Animal Health and Production 45: 397-403.

Editorial Board

View all (0)