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Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Live Microbial Cultures on Faecal Glucocorticoid Metabolites in Safari Asian Elephants

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-4124    | Article Id: B-4124 | Page : 818-822
Citation :- Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Live Microbial Cultures on Faecal Glucocorticoid Metabolites in Safari Asian Elephants.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2021.(55):818-822
D. Chharang, S. Choudhary, V. Kumar, S. Sharma, P.C. Sharma, S. Saini, G. Umapathy dchharang@gmail.com
Address : Department of Animal Nutrition, Post Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, RAJUVAS, Jaipur -302 031, Rajasthan, India.
Submitted Date : 26-03-2020
Accepted Date : 12-08-2020

Abstract

Background: Wildlife tourism has been shown to increase stress in a variety of species and can negatively affect the survival, reproduction, welfare, and behaviour of individuals. The use of faecal glucocorticoid metabolites has favoured the development of non-invasive methods to study physiological conditions and could aid in successful and effective strategies for the management and conservation of endangered species.
Methods: An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of dietary inclusion of live microbial cultures to find patterns of physiological stress hormone in faeces of 18 safari Asian elephants of 30-62 years age and body weight (3495 ± 133.34 Kg) for two months. They were randomly divided into three groups, with six elephants in each, i.e. control with no probiotic (T1) and the other two with probiotics, which contained 1 × 109 CFU/g concentrate of Lactobacillus acidophilus (T2) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (T3) @ every 50 kg body weight per day. Faecal samples were taken on 0, 30th, 40th and 50th day of the experiment.
Result: It was observed that the mean faecal glucocorticoid metabolites, demonstrated by the elephants of T2, and T3 groups were not significantly (P > 0.05) different from the control group (T1) and remained unaffected on the supplementation of live microbial cultures.

Keywords

Faecal glucocorticoid metabolites Lactobacillus acidophilus Probiotics Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Stress hormone

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