Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 6 (december 2016) : 922-929

Effect of varying dietary supplemental inclusion levels of onion and garlic on semen quality characteristics of Hubbard white breeder broiler cocks aged 35-41 weeks old

Okoro V.M.O.*1, 2, Nwokeocha A.C.C.2, Ijezie C.O.2, Mbajiorgu C.A.1, E.F. Mbajiorgu3
1<p>1Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, University of South Africa,&nbsp;Florida science campus, P.O BOX 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa.</p>
Cite article:- V.M.O.*1 Okoro, 2, A.C.C.2 Nwokeocha, C.O.2 Ijezie, C.A.1 Mbajiorgu, Mbajiorgu3 E.F. (2016). Effect of varying dietary supplemental inclusion levels of onion and garlic on semen quality characteristics of Hubbard white breeder broilercocks aged 35-41 weeks old . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(6): 922-929. doi: 10.18805/ijar.9378.

An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of varying dietary supplemental inclusion levels of onion and garlic on semen quality characteristics of Hubbard white breeder broiler cocks aged 35-41 weeks old. A complete randomized design was used for the experiment. The three dietary supplemental levels based on garlic and onion supplemental inclusion levels are L0 (0g onion and 0g garlic per 600g DM feed), L1, (2.5g onion and 2.5g garlic per 600g DM feed) and L3 (5g Onion and 5g garlic per 600g DM feed) with each treatment having 3 replicates. A quadratic type equation was used to determine the Onion and Garlic levels for optimum semen quality characteristics. Daily supplementation with 2.5g onion and 2.5g garlic per 600g DM feed increased (P<0.05) actual life sperm count (×10v /nl) by 370.58 % whereas daily supplementation with 5g onion and 5g garlic per 600g DM feed increased (P<0.05) actual life sperm count (×10v /nl) by 405.75%. Similarly, daily supplementation with 2.5g onion and 2.5g garlic per 600g DM feed increased (P<0.05) live sperm count (%) by 399.88 % whereas daily supplementation with 5g onion and 5g garlic per 600g DM feed increased (P<0.05) live sperm count (%) by 379.90%.  Dietary onion and garlic supplemental inclusion levels of  3.335g, 3.446g, 3.787g, 3.438g, 3.068g, 4.247g per 600g DM feed  supported optimum actual dead sperm count, dead sperm count, actual live sperm count, live sperm count (%), acrosome morphology defects (%), acrosome detachment (%) with probability values ranging from 0.018 to 0.906, whereas minimum Acrosome abnormality (%) reduction was achieved at an optimum supplementation level of 3.58g per 600g DM feed with Y=3.33-1.332x+0.186x2, r2 = 0.680, P-value = 0.018. These findings show that onion and garlic supplementation enhances semen quality characteristics in Hubbard white breeder broiler cocks.

  1. Ajayi, F.O., Agaviezor, B.O. and Ajuogu, K. (2011). Semen characteristics of three strains of local cocks in humid tropical environment of Nigeria. Int. J.Anim. Vet. Adv., 3:125–27.

  2. Alabi O. J., Ng’ambi, J. W., Mbajiorgu, E. F., Norris, D. and Mabelebele, M. (2015). Growth and haematological response of indigenous Venda chicken aged 8 – 13 weeks to varying dietary lysine to energy ratios. J. of Animal Phys. and Anim Nutrition, 99: 436-441.

  3. Alkan S., Baran, A., Ozdas, O. B. and Evecen, M. (2002). Morphological defects in turkey semen. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 26: 1087-1092. Available online on:    0107-40.pdf 

  4. Arzanlou M, and Bohlooli, S. (2010). Introducing of green garlic plant as a new source of allicin. Food chemistry, 120:179 – 183.

  5. Atmaca, G. (2003). Antioxidative effects of garlic and some thiol – containing compounds. Trakya Univ. Ti. Fak. Dreg, 2:54–60.

  6. Barkhordari, A., Hetmatimoghaddam, S., Ajebali, M., Khalili, A., Talebi, A. and Noorani, M. (2013). Effect of Zinc Oxide nanoparticle on viability of human spermatozoa. Iran Jour. Reprod. Med, 11:767–771.

  7. Charkrabarti, B., Pal, S. and Bhattacharyya, A.K. (2003). Sperm immobilization activity of Allium sativa L. and other plant extracts. Asian J. of Andrology. 5:131–136.

  8. Challa, A., Roa, D.R. and Reddy, B.S. (1997). Interactive suppression of aberrant cryptfoci induced by azoxymethane in rat colon by phytic acid and green tea. Carcinogenesi. 18: 2023–2026.

  9. Dixit, V. and Joshi, S. (1983). Effects of chronic administration of garlic (Allium sativum .L.) on testicular function. Indian J. of experimental Biology. 2: 534–536.

  10. Durrani, H.Z., Durrani, A. Z. and Kamal, N. (2010). Comparative efficacy of different therapeutic agents in experimentally induced Leishmaniasis in hamster. Jour. Plant Sci. 20: 13–16.

  11. Egbunike, C.N. and Oluyemi, J.A. (1979). Comparative studies of the reproductive capacity of the Nigerian and exotic poultry breeds. Nig J. Anim. Prod. 6:47–51.

  12. Elagib, H.A.A., Musharaf, N. A., Makawi, S. A. and Mohammed, H. E. (2012). The effects of age and season on semen characteristics of White leghorn cocks under Sudan condition. International J. poultry Sci. 11: 47–49.

  13. Graffiths, G., Trueman, L., Crowther, T. and Thomas, B. (2002). Onion a global benefit of health. Phytother. Res. 17: 603-615.

  14. Hafez, B and Hafez, E.S.E. (2000). Reproduction in farm Animals. 7th ed. Lippincoh Williams and Wikkins, USA, New York.

  15. Hammani, I., Nahdi, A., Mauduit, C., Benahmed, M. and Amri, M. (2008). The inhibitory effects on adult male reproductive functions of crude garlic (Allium Sativum) feeding. Asian J. of Andrology. 10: 593-601.

  16. Hassanpour S., Saadaghian, M., Maheri, S. N., Eshratkhah, B. and ChaichiSemsari, M. (2011). Effect of condensed tannin on controlling faecal protein excretion in nematode-infected sheep in vivo study. Jour. Anim. Sci. 7: 896-900.

  17. Hunt, C. D., Johnson, P. E., Herbel, J. and Mullen, L. K. (1992). Effects of dietary zinc depletion on seminal volume and zinc loss, serum testosterone concentrations, and sperm morphology in young men. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 56: 148-157.

  18. Izawa, H., Kohara, M., Aizawa, K., Suganuma, H., Inakuma, T., Watanabe, G., Taya, K. and Sugai, M. (2008). Alleviative effects of quercetin and onionon male reproductive toxicity induced by diesel exhaust particles. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 72: 1235-1241.

  19. Kabir, M., Oni, O. O. and Akpa, G. N. (2007). Osborne selection index and semen traits interrelationships in Rhode Island Red and White breeder cocks. Int. J. Poult.Sci. 6: 999-1002.

  20. Kasuga, S., Uda, N., Kyo, E., Ushijima, M. and Morihara, N. (2001). Pharmacologic activities of aged garlic extract in comparison with other garlic preparations. J. of Nutrition. 131: 10805- 10845.

  21. Kemp B., Bakker, G. O. M., Denthartog, L. A. and Verstegen, M. W. A. (1991). The effect of semen collection frequency and food intake on semen production in breeding boars. Animal Production. 52: 355-360.

  22. Khaki, A., Fathiazad, F., Nour, M. and Hamadeh, D.V.M. (2008). Evaluation of androgenic activity of allium cepa on spermatogenesis in the rat. Folia Morphologica. 68: 44-45.

  23. Khaki, A., Fathiazard, F., Nouri, M., Khaki, A. A., Khamenehhi, H. J. and Hamadeh, M. (2009). Evaluation of androgenic activity of Allium cepa on spermatogenesis in the rat. Folia Morphol. 68: 45-51.

  24. Khaki, A., Farzadi, L., Ahmadi, S. and Ghadamkhair, E. (2011). Recovery of spermatogenesis by Allium cepa in Tocoplasmagondii infected rats. Afri. J. of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 5: 903-907.

  25. Khaki . A., Farnam, A., Davatgarbadil, A. and Nikniaz, H. (2012). Treatment effects of onion (allium cepa) and ginger (Zingiberofficinale) on sexual behavior of rat after inducing an antiepileptic drug (lamotrigine). Balkan Med Journ. 29: 236-242.

  26. Kim, S., JO, S., Kwon, Y. and Hwong, J. (2011). Effect of onion (Allium cepa) extract administration on intestinal glucosidases activities and spikes in postprandid blood glucose levels in SD rats model. Int. Journ. Mol. Sci. 58: 213-220.

  27. Lake P. E. (1957). The male reproductive tract the fowl. J. Anat. 91: 116-129. PMID: 13405819.

  28. Lee, B., Jung, J. and Kim, H. (2012). Assessment of red onion on antioxidant activity in rat. Food Chem. Toxicol. 50: 3912-3919.

  29. Mbajiorgu, C. A. (2011). The response of male indigenous Venda chickens to diet energy to protein ratios fed from seven up to 13 weeks of age. J. of human ecology, 35: 161-166.

  30. Mbajiorgu, C. A., Ng’ambi, J. W. N., Norris, D. and Alabi, O. J. (2011). Effect of dietary lysine to energy ratio on performance of unsexed indigenous Venda chickens. Asian J. of Animal and Veterinary Adv. 6: 517-524.

  31. Murugesan, S., Matam, N., Kulkarni, R., Bhattacharya, T. K. and Chatterjee, R.N. (2013). Semen quality in white leghorn chicken select for egg production traits. Turk. J. Vet. Anim Sci., 37: 747-749.

  32. Ogundun N. J., Mbajiorgu, E. F. and Mbajiorgu, C. A. (2013). Dose response effect of percentage Uromalt (M) Inclusion level on Spermatogenesis in West African Dwarf Buck Kids. Indian J. of Animal Research, 47: 373-378.

  33. Oi, Y., Imafuku, M., Shishido, C., Kominate, Y. and Nishimuru, S. (2001). Garlic supplementation increases testicular testosterone and decreases plasmacorticosterone in rats fed a high protein diet. Jour. of Nutrition. 131: 2150-2156.

  34. Peters, S.O., Shoyebo, O.O., Ilori, B. M., Ozoje, M. O., Ikeobi, C.O.N. and Adebambo, O.A. (2008). Semen quality traits of seven strain of chickens raised in the humid tropics. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7: 949-953.

  35. Raiz, A., Aleem, M. , Ijaz, A., Saeed, M. A. and Latiff, A. (2004). Effect of collection frequency on the semen quality of broiler breeder. Br. Poultry. Science. 45: 823-827

  36. SAS. (2008). Statistical Analysis System. SAS User Guide: Release 9.2. SAS Institute, Cary NC.

  37. Saeed, J. M. and Al-Soudi, K. A. (1975). Semen quality traits of seven strains of Chickens raised in the humid tropics. Anim. Vert. Adav. 7: 848-849.

  38. Sahin K., Kucuk, O., Sahin, N. and Gursu, M. F. (2002). Optimal dietary concentration of vitamin E for alleviating the effect of heat stress on performance, thyroid status, ACTH and some serum metabolite and mineral concentrations in broilers. Vet. Med. – Czech. 47: 110–116.

  39. Tarif, A.M., Bhuiyan, M. M. U., Ferdousy, R. N., Juyena, N. S. and Mollah, M. B. R. (2013) Evaluation of semen quality among four chicken lines. IOSR J.Agric. Vet. Sci. 6: 7-13.

  40. Yama, O.E., Duru, F. I., Oremosu, A. A., Osinubi, A. A., Norohna, C. C., Okanlawon, A. O. (2011). Sperm quotient in Sprague-Dawley rats fed graded doses of seed extract of Momordicacharantia. Middle East Fertility Society Journal, 16: 154-158.


Editorial Board

View all (0)