Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 6 (june 2021) : 669-673

Use of Flower of Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex DC as Growth Promoter in Divyan Red Poultry Birds

Asit Chakrabarti, Pradip Kumar Sarkar, P.R. Kumar, V.K. Yadav, S.K. Naik, B.K. Jha, A. Dey, B.P. Bhatt
1ICAR-Research Complex for Eastern Region, Farming System Research Centre for Hill and Plateau Region, Plandu, Ranchi-834 010, Jharkhand, India.
Cite article:- Chakrabarti Asit, Sarkar Kumar Pradip, Kumar P.R., Yadav V.K., Naik S.K., Jha B.K., Dey A., Bhatt B.P. (2020). Use of Flower of Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex DC as Growth Promoter in Divyan Red Poultry Birds. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(6): 669-673. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4115.
Background: In view of abundant availability of Spilanthes paniculata in flora of Jharkhand and widely reported benefits of its dried flowers, the current study aimed to explore the possibility and to quantify the effect of use of flowers of S. paniculata as feed additives in stimulating body growth in poultry birds. 
Methods: A four week experiment consisting of 60 numbers of poultry birds (Divyan Red) of five months old subjected to four treatments consisting of 15 birds in each treatment distributed equally with 5 replications, was undertaken during 2016-19 following randomized block design to observe the effect of feeding dried flowers of S. paniculata on body weight increase in poultry birds. 
Result: Feeding of dried flowers of S. paniculata @ 10 g/bird/day resulted in a gradual increase in rate of weight gain up to 14 days of feeding, whereas feeding @ 15 g and 20 g/bird/day resulted in increase in body weight gain up to 7 days. Feeding @ 10 g/bird/day resulted in highest body weight increase after feeding for four weeks and improved in the feed conversion ratio (FCR) significantly (P ˂ 0.05) than the other 3 treatments. It is advisable for poultry owners to incorporate dried flowers of S. paniculata at a dose of 10 grams per bird per day for three weeks for attaining maximum growth in body weight in poultry birds.
  1. A.O.A.C. (1980). Official methods of analysis. 13th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, D.C. USA.
  2. Ahmad, A., Anjum, A.A., Rabbani, M., Ashraf, K., Awais, M.M., Nawaz, M., Ahmad, N., Asif, A. and Sana, S. (2019). Effect of fermented rice bran on growth performance and bioavailability of phosphorus in broiler chickens. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(3): 361-365.
  3. Ali, A.S., Shukla, M. and Khan, S.W. (2013). Hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of Spilanthes paniculata flower extracts on liver damage induced by paracetamol in rats. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 6(42): 2905-2911.
  4. Asma, M., Shah, S.N.H., Zabta, M., Ayaz, M.M., Javed, H. and Bashir, N. (2019). Transmission of hepatocurative effect of Spilanthes acmella extract based gel. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research. 10(3): 1360-1365. 
  5. Barbosa, A.F., de Carvalhoa, M.G., Smith, R.E. and Sabaa-Srur, A.U.O. (2016). Spilanthol: occurrence, extraction, chemistry and biological activities. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. 26: 128-133. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2015. 07.024.
  6. Chakraborty, A., Devi, B.R.K., Sanjebam, R., Khumbong, S. and Thokchom, I.S. (2010). Preliminary studies on local anesthetic and antipyretic activities of Spilanthes acmella Murr. in experimental animals models. Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 42(5): 277-279.
  7. Chung, K.F., Kono, Y., Wang, C.M. and Peng, C.I. (2008). Notes on acmella (Asteraceae): helianthaceae in Taiwan. Botanical Studies. 49(1): 73-82.
  8. Dubey, S., Maity, S., Singh, M., Saraf, M.S. and Saha, S. (2013). Phytochemistry, Pharmacology and Toxicology of Spilanthes acmella: A Review, Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences. pp. 2-10. 
  9. Ferrazzano, G., Amato, I., Ingenito, A., Zarrelli, A., Pinto, G. and Pollio, A. (2011). Plant polyphenols and their anticariogenic properties: A review. Molecules. 16: 1486-1507. 
  10. Flann, C. (2009). Global compositae checklist. Flora of the West Indies, African Plant Database, Flora Malesiana, Flora of Taiwan, LCR Editor. https://archive.is/20141222130715/http://dixon.iplantcollaborative.org/CompositaeWeb/default.aspx?Page=NameDetailsandTabNum=0and NameId=1a0e66e1-2015-456f-a385-f929c9a448a9.
  11. Hemant, C.D. and Dnyanoba, J.S. (2019). A critical review of the medicinal properties of Spilanthes acmella Murr. International Journal of Current Engineering and Scientific Research. 6(1): 31-36. 
  12. Hossan, M.S., Hanif, A., Agarwala, B., Sarwar, S., Karim, M., Taufiq-Ur-Rahman, M., Jahan, R. and Rahmatullah, M. (2010). Traditional use of medicinal plants in Bangladesh to treat urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 8: 61-74.
  13. Jani, D.K. (2007). Comparative Clinical Study on Anacyclus pyrethrum and Spilanthus acmella as Akarakarabha in Erectile Dysfunction and Premature Ejaculation. Shodha Samagya. 01(04), Oct-Dec. 2007. 
  14. Khatoon, R., Jahan, N., Ahmad, S. and Shahzad, A. (2014). In vitro evaluation of antifungal activity of aerial parts of medicinal plants Balanites aegyptiaca Del. and Spilanthes acmella Murr. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 4(01): 123-127. 
  15. Leng, T.C., Ping, N.S., Lim, B.P. and Keng, C.L. (2011). Detection of bioactive compounds from Spilanthes acmella (L.) plants and its various in vitro culture products. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 5: 371-378.
  16. Lopez-Alarcon, C. and Denicola, A. (2013). Evaluating the antioxidant capacity of natural products: A review on chemical and cellular based assays. Analytica Chimica Acta. 763: 1-10. 
  17. Paulraj, J., Govindarajan, R. and Palpu, P. (2013). The Genus Spilanthes Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Properties: A Review. Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, p. 22. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/510298. 
  18. Rani, S.A. and Murty, S.U. (2006). Antifungal potential of flower head extract of Spilanthes acmella. African Journal of Biomedical Research. 9: 67-69.
  19. Sahu, J., Jain, K., Jain, B. and Sahu, R.K. (2011). A review on phytopharmacology and micro propagation of Spilanthes acmella. Pharmacology online newsletter. 2: 1105-1110.
  20. Sharma, A., Kumar, V., Rattan, R. S., Kumar, N. and Singh, B. (2012). Insecticidal toxicity of Spilanthol from Spilanthes acmella Murr. against Plutella xylostella. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 3: 1568-1572. 
  21. Sharma, V., Boonen, J., Chauhan, N.S., Thakur, M., Spiegeleer, B.D. and Dixit, V. (2011). Spilanthes acmella ethanolic flower extract: LC-MS alkylamide profiling and its effects on sexual behavior in male rats. Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology. 18(13): 1161-1169. DOI: 10.1016/j.phymed.2011.06.001
  22. Sharma, V., Thakur, M., Chauhan, N.S. and Dixit, V.K. (2010). Effect of petroleum ether extract of Anacyclus pyrethrum DC on sexual behaviour in male rats. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine. 8: 767-773. 
  23. Srilatha, T., Reddy, V.R., Preetam, V.C., Rao, S.V.R. and Reddy, Y.R. (2018). Effect of different levels of dietary crude protein on the growth performance and carcass charac- -teristics of commercial broilers at different phases of growth. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(4): 559-563.
  24. Tanwer, B.S., Choudhary, R.K. and Vijayvergia, R. (2010). In vitro and in vivo comparative study of primary metabolites and antioxidant activity in Spilanthes acmella Murr. International Journal of Biotechnology and Biochemistry. 6(5): 819-825.
  25. Yadav, R., Kharya, M.D., Yadav, N. and Savadi, R. (2011). Diuretic activity of Spilanthes acmella Murr. Leaves extract in rats. International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry. 1(1): 57-61.
  26. Wilkinson, L. and Coward, M. (2007). SYSTAT: Statistics-II (Version 12). Systat Software Inc., Sanjose, CA-95110.
  27. Zia, W.M., Khalique, A., Naveed, S. and Hussain, J. (2018). How growth parameters of sexed native Aseel chickens affected when fed with selenium supplemented diets during three growth phases. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(5): 702-710.

Editorial Board

View all (0)