Sero-prevalence and Risk Factor Analysis of BoHV-1 in Bovines in Haryana State of India

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-4001    | Article Id: B-4001 | Page : 582-587
Citation :- Sero-prevalence and Risk Factor Analysis of BoHV-1 in Bovines in Haryana State of India.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):582-587
Sheza Farooq, Aman Kumar, Suman Chaudhary, C.S. Patil, Yogesh Banger, Vipin Khasa, Swati Dahiya, Sushila Maan aman.abt@luvas.edu.in
Address : Department of Animal Biotechnology, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar-125 001, Haryana, India.
Submitted Date : 10-02-2020
Accepted Date : 20-06-2020

Abstract

Background: Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) is an important pathogen of cattle and buffaloes associated with various clinical conditions including infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) and abortion. To know the status of BoHV-1, a cross-sectional serological study was conducted with the objectives of estimating the apparent prevalence of BoHV-1 and potential risk factor among unorganized cattle and buffalo herds.
Method: A total of 490 serum samples were collected from cattle and buffaloes from all twenty two (22) districts of Haryana from unorganised herd randomly and tested for antibodies against BoHV-1 using ELISA. 
Result: The overall percent sero-prevalence of BoHV-1 was observed as 48.78% however the species wise sero-prevalence was 37.77% in cattle and 62.27% in buffaloes. The overall sero-prevalence was significantly (p < 0.05) associated with species, zone and age of animals. The likelihood of BoHV-1 was significantly higher (2.72 times) in buffaloes (Odds ratio (OR) =2.72, 95% Confidence Interval (CI):1.86; 3.98) than in cattle (OR=1). Eastern zone of the state showed higher (1.52 times, 95% CI: 1.03, 2.26) likelihood of BoHV-1 as compared to western zone (OR=1.00).The aged animals with age³6.5 years (2.96 times), followed by 2.5-4.5 years (2.44 times) and 4.5-6.5 years (1.68 times) showed higher likelihood than younger animals (Age < 2.5 years). Further, it can be concluded that BoHV1 is circulating among livestock population in the state.

Keywords

Bovines BoHV-1 ELISA Haryana Sero-prevalence

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