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Sero-prevalence and Risk Factor Analysis of BoHV-1 in Bovines in Haryana State of India
First Online 09-11-2020|
Method: A total of 490 serum samples were collected from cattle and buffaloes from all twenty two (22) districts of Haryana from unorganised herd randomly and tested for antibodies against BoHV-1 using ELISA.
Result: The overall percent sero-prevalence of BoHV-1 was observed as 48.78% however the species wise sero-prevalence was 37.77% in cattle and 62.27% in buffaloes. The overall sero-prevalence was significantly (p < 0.05) associated with species, zone and age of animals. The likelihood of BoHV-1 was significantly higher (2.72 times) in buffaloes (Odds ratio (OR) =2.72, 95% Confidence Interval (CI):1.86; 3.98) than in cattle (OR=1). Eastern zone of the state showed higher (1.52 times, 95% CI: 1.03, 2.26) likelihood of BoHV-1 as compared to western zone (OR=1.00).The aged animals with age³6.5 years (2.96 times), followed by 2.5-4.5 years (2.44 times) and 4.5-6.5 years (1.68 times) showed higher likelihood than younger animals (Age < 2.5 years). Further, it can be concluded that BoHV1 is circulating among livestock population in the state.
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