Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.43

  • SJR .263

  • Impact Factor .427 (2022)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 5 (may 2021) : 597-602

Effect of Season, Parity and Stage of Lactation on Productive Performance of Sahiwal Cattle

Sushil Kumar, I.D. Gupta, Nisha Sharma, Revanasiddu Deginal, Anshuman Kumar, Anuj Chauhan, Oshin, Naseer Ahmad Baba, Saleem Yousuf, Archana Verma
1Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal -132 001, Haryana, India. 
Cite article:- Kumar Sushil, Gupta I.D., Sharma Nisha, Deginal Revanasiddu, Kumar Anshuman, Chauhan Anuj, Oshin, Baba Ahmad Naseer, Yousuf Saleem, Verma Archana (2020). Effect of Season, Parity and Stage of Lactation on Productive Performance of Sahiwal Cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(5): 597-602. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3978.
The study was conducted to understand the effect of season, parity and stage of lactation on productive performance of Sahiwal cattle. The data of productive traits of 133 Sahiwal cattle from 2016 to 2018 maintained at the Livestock Research Center, Karnal, Haryana, were used for this study. The production data were analyzed using least-square procedures based on season, parity and stage of lactation. Results indicated that the parity had significant (p<0.05) influence on monthly milk yield (MMY) whereas, the stage of lactation had highly significant (P<0.01) influence on monthly milk yield (MMY) and test day milk yield (TDMY). However, there was no significant effect of season on different productive performance traits in Sahiwal cattle. The phenotypic parameter estimates indicated that the parity and stage of lactation of cattle can be used as a selection tool for improvement of productive traits considering its high positive phenotypic correlations with succeeding productive traits in Sahiwal cows. 
  1. Ahmad, S.S., Khan, M.A. and Ali, A. and Muhammad, M.S. (1993). Effect of some environmental. Journal of Animal and Plant Science. 3: 110-12.
  2. Alpan, O. and Aksoy, A.R. Cattle breeding and fattening (in Turkish). (2015). 7.ed. Ýstanbul, Turkey: Favori Offset Press, p.168-182.
  3. Anderson, R.R. (1985). Mammary gland. In: Lactation (Ed.: Larson, B.L.). Ames, The Iowa State University Press. 276.
  4. Bagnato, A. and Oltenacu, P.A. (1994). Phenotypic evaluation of fertility traits and their association with milk production of Italian Friesian cattle. Journal of Dairy Science. 77(3): 874-882.
  5. Bajwa, I.R., Khan, M.S., Khan, M.A. and Gondal, K.Z. (2004). Environmental factors affecting milk yield and lactation length in Sahiwal cattle. Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 24 (1): 23-27.
  6. Bhatnagar, D.S., Taneja, V.K., Basu, S.B. and Murthy, K.M.K. (1982). Genetic parameters for some economic traits in Sahiwal cattle. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 36(4): 402-406.
  7. Bhattacharya, A.K, Dattagupta, R., Pyne, A.K. and Roy, S.K. (1993). Factors affecting first lactation milk yield in crossbred cows. Indian Vet. J. 70: 1177-1178.
  8. Bhatti, A.A., Khan, M.S., Rehman, Z., Hyder, A.U. and Hassan, F. (2007). Selection of Sahiwal cattle bulls on pedigree and progeny. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science. 20: 12-18.
  9. Bhuiyan, M.M., Islam, M.R., Ali, M.L., Hossain, M.K., Kadir, M.A., Lucky, N.S. and Das, R. B. (2004). Importance of mammary system conformation traits in selecting dairy cows on milk yield in Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Science. 4(2): 100-102.
  10. Chauhan, R.S., Mishra, R.R and Bhatnagar, D.S. (1976). Prediction of lactation yield fromcolostrum, peak and 45 days cumulative yield in dairy cattle. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 24: 94.
  11. Cobanoglu, O., Gurcan, E.K., Cankaya, S., Kul, E., Abaci, S.H. and Ulker, M. (2017). Effects of lactation month and season on test-day milk yield and milk components in Holstein cows. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(5): 952-955.
  12. Cunha, R.P.L., Molina, L. R. and Carvalho, A.U. (2008). Subclinical mastitis and the relationship between somatic cell count with number of lactations, production and chemical composition of the milk. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. 60: 19-24.
  13. Dahlin, A., Khan, U.N., Zafar, A.H. Saleem, M., Chaudhry, M.A. and Philipsson, J. (1998). Genetic and environmental causes of variation in milk production traits of Sahiwal cattle in Pakistan. Animal Science. 66: 307-318.
  14. Dalal, D.S., Arora, K. C. and Rathi, S.S. (1991). Evaluation of performance traits in half bred cattle. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 44: 401-405.
  15. Dalal, D.S., Arora, K.C., Rathi, S.S. and Singh, B. (1993). Effect of period, season, parity and age at first calving on performance trait in Holstein x Hariana halfbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management. 9: 93-96.
  16. Deng, M.P., Badri, T.M., Atta, M. and Hamad, M.E. (2012). Relation- -ship between udder dimensions and milk yield of Kenana × Friesian crossbred cows. Opinion in Animal and Veterinary Science. 2(1): 49-54.
  17. Divya, P. (2012). Single versus multi-trait models for genetic evaluation of fertility traits in Karan Fries cattle. M.V.Sc. Thesis, National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University) Karnal, India.
  18. Galsar, N.S. (2015). Prediction of lactation yield from test day milk yield and peak yield and their association with certain production traits in Mehsana buffaloes. M.V.Sc. Thesis. Sardarkrushinagar Agricultural University, Sardarkrushi nagar, Gujarat, India.
  19. Godara, B.R., Arora, K.C., Pander, B.L. and Khanna, A.S. (1990). Genetic and non-genetic factors affecting milk quantity and quality traits and their interrelationship in temperate x Zebu crossbred cattle. Trop. Agri. 67: 49-52.
  20. Harvey, W.R. (1990). User’s Guide for LSMLMW and MIXMDL. PC-2 Version. Mixed Model Least Squares and Maximum Likelihood Computer Program. Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.
  21. Ilatsia, E.D., Roessler, R., Kahi, A.K., Piepho, H.P. and Zarate, V. (2012). Production objectives and breeding goals of Sahiwal cattle keepers in Kenya and implications for a breeding programme. Tropical Animal Health Production. 44: 519-530.
  22. Jadhav, K.L., Tripathi, V.N. and Kale, M.M. (1991). Performance of crossbred cows for production and reproduction traits in different production level groups. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 45(11): 620-622.
  23. Japheth, K.P., Mehla, R.K. and Bhat, S.A. (2015). Effect of non-    genetic factors on various economic traits in Karan Fries crossbred cattle. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 68(2): 163-169.
  24. Javed, K., Afzal, M., Ahmad, M. and Hussain, R. (2001). Genetic studies. (2001). The Journal of Animal and Plant Science. 11(2): 48-52.
  25. Jingar, S.C., Mehla, R.K., Singh, M. and Singh, P.K. (2014). Effect of stages and level of milk production on mastitis incidence in cows and Murrah buffaloes. J. Bio. Innov. 3(3): 117-123.
  26. Khan, M.A. and Khan, M.S. (2016). Genetic parameters of udder traits and their relationship with milk yield in Sahiwal cows of Pakistan. Journal of Animal Plant Science. 26(4): 880- 886.
  27. Kramer, Y.C. (1957). Extension of multiple range tests to group correlated adjusted means. Biometrics. 13(1): 13-18.
  28. Kumar, G. (1992). Multiple trait sire evaluation with production and categorical traits in cross bred cattle. Ph.D. Thesis. ICAR-    National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India.
  29. Kumari, R. (2019). Genetic variants in FAM19A1, KCNB1 and EDN3 gene and their association with udder type traits, clinical mastitis and milk production in karan fries and sahiwal cattle. Ph.D Thesis. ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India.
  30. Lavania, P., Khadda, B.S. and Pathodiya, O.P. (2011). Studies on Udder Measurement Traits in Surti Buffaloes. Journal of Progressive Agriculture. 2(1): 70-72.
  31. Manoj, M. (2009). Evolving multy-trait selection criteria using body weight and first lactation traits in Sahiwal cattle. M.V. Sc. Thesis, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India.
  32. Nagarcenkar, R. and Rao, M.K. (1982). Performance of Tharparkar and exotic crosses for productive and reproductive traits. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 52(3): 129-138.
  33. Nayak, S.K. and Raheja, K.L. (1996). Performance of half-bred and three breed crosses of Hariana with exotic dairy breeds. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 66(2): 154-158.
  34. Parmer, O.S. Jain, A.K. and Gill, G.S. (1986). Evaluation to two breed and three breed cross breed cows with references to economic traits and production efficiency. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 39(3): 210-214.
  35. Patel, Y.G., Trivedi, M.M., Rajpura, R.M., Savaliya, F.P. and Monika, P. (2016). Udder and teat measurements and their relation with milk production in crossbred cows. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 5(5): 3048-3054.
  36. Pawar, H.N., Kumar, G.R. and Narang, R. (2012). Effect of year, season and parity on milk production traits in Murrah buffaloes. Journal of Buffalo Science. 1(1): 122-125.
  37. Penchev, P., Biochev, M., Ilieva, Y. and Peeva, T.Z. (2011). Effect of different factors on lactation curve in buffalo cows. Slovk. Journal of Animal Science. 44(3): 103–110.
  38. Prasad, R.M.V., Sudhakar, K., Rao, E.R., Gupta, B.R. and Mahender, M. (2010). Studies on the udder and teat morphology and their relationship with milk yield in Murrah buffaloes. RRD. 22(1): 50.
  39. Price, T. and Schluter, D. (1991). On the low heritability of life history traits. Evolution. 45(4): 853-861.
  40. Puri, T.R and Sharma, K.N.S. (1965). Prediction of life time production on the basis of first lactation yield and Age at first calving for selection of dairy cattle. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 48(4): 462-467.
  41. Pyne, A.K., Misra, S.K., Mitra, D.N., Duttagupta, R. and Roy, S.K. (1988). Reproduction and production performance of Holstein Friesian cross Hariana halfbred in hot humid condition of West Bengal. Indian Veterinary Journal. 65: 797-800.
  42. Raheja, K.L. (1994). Genetic parameters first lactation and lifetime production traits in Friesian-Hariana and Friesian-Sahiwal half-bred estimated multiple trait maximum likelihood procedure. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 64(6): 616-    621.
  43. Rahman, I.M.K.A. and Alemam, T.A. (2008). Reproductive and productive performance of Holstein-Friesian cattle under tropical conditions with special reference to Sudan- a review. Agric. Rev. 29(1): 68- 73.
  44. Raja, T.V. (2010). Part lactation records for Sahiwal sire evaluation. Ph. D. Thesis, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India
  45. Rao, A.V., Rao, G.N. and Kumar, M. (1984). First lactation perfor- -mance of zebu, zebu × zebu and European × zebu cows. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 54(10): 980 - 982.
  46. Rashia, N. (2006). Selection criteria for young dairy Karan Fries bulls. M.V.Sc. Thesis. NDRI (Deemed University), Karnal, India.
  47. Rehman, Z. and Khan, M.S. (2012). Environmental factors affecting performance traits of Sahiwal cattle in Pakistan. Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 32(2): 229-233.
  48. Saha, S., Joshi, B.K. and Singh, A. (2010). Generation-wise genetic evaluation of various first lactation traits and herd life in Karan Fries cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 80: 451–56.
  49. Sarkar, U., Gupta, A.K., Sarkar, V., Mohanty, T.K., Raina, V.S. and Prasad, S. (2006). Factors affecting test day milk yield and milk composition in dairy animals. Journal of Dairying, Foods and H.S. 25(2): 129-132.
  50. Singh O.P. (1983). Climate of Karnal. Karnal, India: Published by Central Soil Salinity Research institute (ICAR).
  51. Singh, M.K., Sharma, R.C. and Gupta, A.K. (1995). Genetic para- -meters of first lactation traits in Karan Swiss cattle. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 48: 82–84.
  52. Singh, R. and Tomar, S.S. (1991). Performance characteristics of Karan Fries cows. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 6 (12): 192-195.
  53. Sinha, R. (2019). Genetic polymorphism in VDR, PTPRR and HMGA2 gene- their association with udder type traits and clinical mastitis in Karan Fries and Sahiwal cows. Ph.D Thesis. ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India.
  54. Sundaresan, D., Ray, S.N. and Iya, K.K. (1965). The performance of the dairy herds at NDRI, Karnal. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 18(1): 34-44.
  55. Tailor, S.P. and Singh, B. (2011). Genetic evaluation of sires using test day yield. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 81(8): 882–885.
  56. Taneja, V.K. and Sikka, A.K. (1981). Factors affecting some economic traits in Indian dairy breeds. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 34(3): 347-349.
  57. Tilki, M., Ýnal, Þ., Colak, M. and Garip, M. (2005). Relationships between milk yield and udder measurements in Brown Swiss cows. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 29(1): 75-81.
  58. Verma, M.K., Sachdeva, G.K., Yadav, A.K., Gautam, S., Ali, M.M. and Bindal, S. (2016). Effect of genetic and non-genetic factors on milk yield and milk constituents on Sahiwal cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50: 808-810.

Editorial Board

View all (0)