Loading...

Influence of Dietary Substitution of Palm Oil by Rapeseed Oil at Different Levels on Growth Performance and Economics of Broilers

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3969    | Article Id: B-3969 | Page : 445-450
Citation :- Influence of Dietary Substitution of Palm Oil by Rapeseed Oil at Different Levels on Growth Performance and Economics of Broilers.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2021.(55):445-450
C. Sudharsan, S. Senthil Murugan, Biju Chacko, Sanis Juliet, Suresh N. Nair, Ani Bency, Abdul K. Muneer c.sudharsan93@gmail.com
Address : Department of Animal Nutrition College of Veterinary And Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad - 673 576 Kerala, India.
Submitted Date : 17-12-2019
Accepted Date : 17-06-2020

Abstract

Background: Fat and oil are commonly used in poultry diets to increase energy density and also to increase the palatability of feed, feed efficiency and for deposition of fat in broilers. Thus a study was proposed to find the effects of dietary replacement of saturated fatty acid rich palm oil (PO) by omega-3 rich rapeseed oil (RO) on growth performance and economics in broilers.
Method: The growth performance feeding trial was conducted in 160 day-old broilers (vencobb 400) with four treatment groups (G1, G2, G3 and G4) with four replicates of ten chicks each. The basal diet (R1) was prepared with palm oil included at the rate of 1.5, 3, and 4.5 per cent in pre-starter, starter and finisher ration, respectively and fed to G1. The other treatment groups G2, G3 and G4 received R2, R3 and R4 experimental rations respectively. The experimental rations R2, R3 and R4 were prepared with rapeseed oil replacing 25, 50 and 100 per cent of palm oil which was included in R1.
Result: The broiler ration prepared with rapeseed oil at 50 and 100 per cent level (G3 and G4) replacing palm oil showed increased body weight gain (P<0.01) and better feed conversion ratio (P< 0.05) than G1 group. There was no significant difference in the feed intake among the different treatment groups. Profit per kg live weight in G3 (Rs.12.06) and G4 (Rs.11.14) was more than G1 (Rs.8.21) and G2 (Rs.6.57). The supplementation of omega-3 rich rapeseed oil had significantly improved the performance of broilers.

Keywords

Broiler Growth Performance Palm oil Rapeseed Oil Techno-economics

References

  1. Abdulla, N.R., Loh, T.C., Akit, H., Sazili, A.Q., Foo, H.L., Mohamad, R., Rahim, R.A., Ebrahimi, M. and Sabow, A.B. (2015). Fatty acid profile, cholesterol and oxidative status in broiler chicken breast muscle fed different dietary oil sources and calcium levels. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 45(2): 153-163.
  2. Abdulla, N.R., Loh, T.C., Akit, H., Sazili, A.Q., Foo, H.L., Kareem, K.Y., Mohamad, R. and Abdul Rahim, R. (2017). Effects of dietary oil sources, calcium and phosphorus levels on growth performance, carcass characteristics and bone quality of broiler chickens. J. appl. Anim. Res. 45(1): 423-429.
  3. AOAC. (2016). Official Methods of Analysis. (20th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical chemists, Virginia, USA, pp. 1-85.
  4. APEDA, A., (2018). Processed Food Products Export Development Authority.
  5. Ayed, H.B., Attia, H. and Ennouri, M. (2015). Effect of oil supplemented diet on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Adv. Tech. Biol. Med. 4(156): 2379-1764.
  6. Baighi, G.F. and Nobakht, A. (2017). The Effects of Different Levels of Saturated and Unsaturated Fats and Their Composition in Growing and Finishing Periods on Productive Performance and Blood Lipids of Broilers. Iranian J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 7(2).
  7. Barzan F.F A., Muhammet A. and Rozhgar B. S. (2017). Effects of Different Vegetable Oils and Animal Fat on Performance of Broiler Chicks. J. Zankoy Sulaimani 2: 17
  8. BIS. (Bureau of Indian Standards) IS 1374: (2007). Poultry Feeds-Specification (5th revision).
  9. Burlikowska, K., Piotrowska, A. and Szymeczko, R. (2010). Effect of dietary fat type on performance, biochemical indices and fatty acids profile in the blood serum of broiler chickens. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 19(3):440-451.
  10. Chashnidel, Y., Moravej, H., Towhidi, A., Asadi, F. and Zeinodini, S. (2010). Influence of different levels of n-3 supplemented (fish oil) diet on performance, carcass quality and fat status in broilers. Afr. J. of Biotech. 9(5).
  11. Coetzee, G.J.M. and Hoffman, L.C. (2002). Effects of various dietary n-3/n-6 fatty acid ratios on the performance and body composition of broilers. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 32(3): 175-184.
  12. D.A.H.D. (2018). Department of Animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries Annual Report-2018, 167 pp
  13. Ebdi, E. and Nobakht, A. (2017). The Effects of Different Levels of Canola Oil and Diet Mixing Time Length on Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Blood Lipids of Broilers. Ira. J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 7(1).
  14. Eshwar, (2019). Effect of dietary supplementation of rumen protected omega-3 fatty acids on performance of lactating cows. M.V.Sc thesis KVASU, Pookode. 102p.
  15. FAO, I. (2011). Price Volatility in Food and Agricultural Markets: Policy Responses. Rome, FA
  16. Ghasemi, H.A., Shivazad, M., Mirzapour Rezaei, S.S. and Karimi Torshizi, M.A. (2015). Effect of synbiotic supplementation and dietary fat sources on broiler performance, serum lipids, muscle fatty acid profile and meat quality. Br. Poult. Sci. 57(1): 71-83.
  17. Gawad, R., Strabel, M., Kattab, H., Abo, S. and Zmora, P. (2015). Encapsulation method to protect unsaturated fatty acids from rumen biohydrogenation In vitro. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 63: 1696
  18. Ghazani, S.M., Garcia Llatas, G. and Marangoni, A.G. (2013). Minor constituents in canola oil processed by traditional and minimal refining methods. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 90 (5): 743-756. 
  19. Khatun, J., Loh, T.C., Akit, H., Foo, H.L. and Mohamad, R. (2016). Fatty acid composition, fat deposition, lipogenic gene expression and performance of broiler fed diet supplemented with different sources of oil. Anim. Sci. J. 88(9): 1406-1413. 
  20. Kuldipkar, A.B. (2017). Fatty Acid Profile Broiler Chicken Meat Fed Various Edible Oils and Tallow Included Diets. Doctoral dissertation, MAFSU, Nagpur, 103p.
  21. Lindman, S. (2015). The effect of rapeseed oil and palm oil supplement and milking frequency on milk yield and milk fat quality. Lopezferrer, S., Baucells, M.D., Barroeta, A.C. and Grashorn, M.A. 
  22. (1999). n-3 enrichment of chicken meat using fish oil: alternative substitution with rapeseed and linseed oils. Poult. Sci. 78(3): 356-365.
  23. Madhu, M.S., (2016). Comparing rapeseed fed chicken with ordinary soybean oil fed chicken. Master’s thesis, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 88p.
  24. Nobakht, A. and Mehmannavaz, Y. (2012). Effects of saturated and unsaturated fats in starter and grower feeds on performance and carcass traits of broilers. J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res, 2(2): 967-970.
  25. Poorghasemi, M., Seidavi, A., Qotbi, A.A.A., Laudadio, V. and Tufarelli, V. (2013). Influence of dietary fat source on growth performance responses and carcass traits of broiler chicks. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 26(5): 705.
  26. Poorghasemi, M., Chamani, M., Mirhosseini, S.Z., Sadeghi, A.A. and Seidavi, A. (2018). Effect of probiotic and different sources of fat on performance, carcass characteristics, intestinal morphology and ghrelin gene expression on broiler chickens. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 24(2).
  27. Snedecor, G. W. and Cochran, W. G (1994). Statistical Methods. (8th Ed.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa. USA 314p.
  28. Skøivan, M., Marounek, M., Englmaierová, M., Èermák, L., Vlèková, J. and Skøivanová, E. (2018). Effect of dietary fat type on intestinal digestibility of fatty acids, fatty acid profiles of breast meat and abdominal fat, and mRNA expression of lipid-related genes in broiler chickens. PloS one. 13(4): 196035.
  29. Tùmová, E. and Tei    mouri, A., (2010). Fat deposition in the broiler chicken: a review. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica. 41(2): 121-128.
  30. Valavan, S.E., Selvaraj, P., Mohan, B., Sundaram, T.K., Viswanathan, K., Ravi, R. and Purushothaman, M.R., (2006). Effects of various n-3 lipid sources on the quality characteristics and fatty acids composition of chicken meat. Wld. Poult. Sci. J. 62: 240.
  31. Wang, J., Zhu, Q., Hussain, A., Zhang, X. and Wang, T. (2013). Combination of linseed and palm oils is a better alternative than single oil for broilers exposed to high environmental temperature. J. Poult. Sci. 0120112p

Global Footprints