Indian Journal of Animal Research

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 4 (april 2021) : 474-478

Bacteriological and Molecular Identification and Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus from Different Affections of Canines

Sejal S. Chaudhary, Harshad C. Chauhan, Kishan Kumar Sharma, Sandip S. Patel, Sushil Kumar Mohapatra, Arun C. Patel, Mehul D. Shrimali, Bharat Singh Chandel
1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Banaskantha-385 005, Gujarat, India.
Cite article:- Chaudhary S. Sejal, Chauhan C. Harshad, Sharma Kumar Kishan, Patel S. Sandip, Mohapatra Kumar Sushil, Patel C. Arun, Shrimali D. Mehul, Chandel Singh Bharat (2020). Bacteriological and Molecular Identification and Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus from Different Affections of Canines. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(4): 474-478. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3965.
Background: The present study was done to ascertain prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus from various canine affections in Banaskantha district of Gujarat, India. Along with this, use of classical and molecular techniques were compared in identification and virulence characterization of this pathogen.
Methods: A total of 165 samples were collected and bacterial identification was carried out with bacteriological (phenotypic) techniques and confirmed by genus specific 16S rDNA and Staphylococcus aureus specific sa442 gene based PCR. Isolates were characterized for coagulase production, haemolysis activity and presence of spa gene.  
Result: Samples yielded, 88 (53.33%) Staphylococcus spp. via bacteriological and PCR methods. Clinically, 19 (21.59%), 28 (31.82%), 12 (13.64%), 15 (17.04%) and 14 (15.91%) isolates were from abscess/wound, pyoderma, respiratory problems, eye infections and Otitis, respectively. A total of 46/88 (52.27%) isolates were confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus in PCR. In tube coagulase test, 51/88 (57.95%) isolates were found positive. A tota of 42 isolates revealed presence of coa gene, including two tube coagulase negative isolates. Haemolytic activity revealed beta (51.14%) gamma (31.82%), alpha (13.64%) and alpha-beta (3.41%) haemolysis, respectively. X-region of Protein A (spa gene) was detected in 26 /46 (56.52%) isolates in PCR.
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