Genetic Diversity Analysis among 27 Indian Goat Populations using Microsatellite Markers

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-3950    | Article Id: B-3950 | Page : 243-254
Citation :- Genetic Diversity Analysis among 27 Indian Goat Populations using Microsatellite Markers.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):243-254
Rajkumar Sah, Santpal Dixit drrkvet@yahoo.com
Address : National Bureau of Animal Genetics Resources, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
Submitted Date : 7-11-2019
Accepted Date : 30-07-2020

Abstract

Background: Livestock genetic diversity studies focus on their within and diversity, breed history, adaptive variations, ancestral information, site of domestication and parentage testing and assess the genetic uniformity, admixture or subdivision, inbreeding, or introgression in the population which is helpful in breed formation and their sustainable utilization.
Methods: The present research work was conducted during the year 2016-17 at National Bureau of Animal Genetics Resources, Karnal-132001. STR data of 25 markers on 1237 random samples of 27 goat populations was used for analysis. The genetic diversity analysis of new population  viz: Narayanpatna, Raighar, Kalahandi, Malkangiri of Odisha state and Rohilkhandi (UK) and their association studies with other Indian goat breeds was performed.
Result: It was found that used markers are highly polymorphic- and the studied breeds/population showed great diversity and distributed mostly on the basis of physio-geographical condition and type of production but among new populations diversity was least which might be due to exchange of animal for breeding purposes. The studied new goat populations were well differentiated from other goat breeds which might be due to physio-geographical condition and breeding practices, so these may be considered as separate breeds/populations. In conclusion, the results showed high level of conserved genetic diversity in the Indian goat breeds. The smaller and isolated new population showed less diversity and a higher inbreeding level as compared to registered breeds.

Keywords

Distribution Goat Molecular genetic diversity Microsatellite markers

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