A Study on Occurrence and Haemato-biochemical Alterations in SARA in Cattle Treated with Different Therapeutic Regimens

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-3929    | Article Id: B-3929 | Page : 90-95
Citation :- A Study on Occurrence and Haemato-biochemical Alterations in SARA in Cattle Treated with Different Therapeutic Regimens.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):90-95
A.B. Thorat, S.T. Borikar, M.F.M.F. Siddiqui, S.R. Rajurkar, S.D. Moregaonkar, P.B. Ghorpade, V.B. Shelke, T.S. Khawale avinashtmk.thorat@gmail.com
Address : Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Parbhani-431 402, Maharashtra, India.
Submitted Date : 25-09-2019
Accepted Date : 19-08-2020

Abstract

Background: Subacute ruminal acidosis is one of the most important nutritional diseases in cattle. The consequence of feeding excessive amounts of rapidly fermentable carbohydrates in conjunction with inadequate fiber to ruminants leads to subacute ruminal acidosis. Cattles are at a high risk of developing SARA. The present research work was undertaken to study haemato-biochemical alterations in SARA affected cattle treated with different treatment regimens. 
Methods: Present work was done to study the efficacy of sodium bicarbonate powder, Azadirachta indica (Neem) dried leaves powder and Saccharomyces cervisiae (Yeast) in sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in cattle. Out of 148 cattle screened, 24 (16.22%) were diagnosed as SARA, 13 (56.52%) animals were in mid stage of lactation followed by early and late lactation (5 cases, 21.74% each).
Result: After sodium bicarbonate treatment, animals showed changes in various haemato-biochemical parameters. However decreased neutrophils and ALT was also observed. After treatment of Azadirachta indica reduction in lymphocyte and eosinophil count was seen.

Keywords

Azadirachta indica (Neem) SARA Sodium bicarbonate Yeast.

References

  1. AlZahal, O., Dionissopoulos, L., Laarman, A.H., Walker, N., McBride B.W. (2014). Active dry Saccharomyces cerevisiae can alleviate the effect of subacute ruminal acidosis in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 97: 7751-7763.
  2. Bipin, K.C., Ramesh, P.T., Kamran, A. (2016a). Haematological alterations associated with subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in dairy cattle. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 5: 5827-5830.
  3. Bipin, K.C., Ramesh, P.T., Narayan Swamy, M. (2016b). Effect of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) of milch cattle. International Journal of Scientific Research. 5: 9-11.
  4. Cannizzo, C. (2009). Fermentative disturbs in dairy cow: subacute ruminal acidosis in field conditions and metabolic inflammatory effects observed. Research Doctorate thesis submitted to University of Pauda, Italy.
  5. Cannizzo, C., Gianesella, M., Giudice, E., Messina, V., Piccione, G., Morgante, M. (2012). Serum acute phase proteins in cows with SARA (Subacute Ruminal Acidosis) suspect. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia. 64: 15-22. 
  6. Ceroni, V., Turmalaj, L., Lika, E., Duro, S. (2012). Haematological indicators affected by the subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows. Journal of Animal Veterinary advances. 11: 927-930.
  7. Constable Peter D., Kenneth W. Hinchcliff, Stanley H. Done and Walter Grunberg (2017). Veterinary Medicine: A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats, 11th Edn. Vol. I. Pp.466.
  8. Danscher, A.M., Li, S., Andersen, P.H, Khafipour, E., Kristensen, N.B., Plaizier, J.C. (2015). Indicators of induced subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in Danish Holstein cows. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 57: 39.
  9. Enemark, M.D. Jorg (2009). The monitoring, prevention and treatment of sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA): A review. The Veterinary Journal. 176: 32-43. 
  10. Garrett, E.F., Pereira, M.N., Nordulund, K.V., Armentano, L.E., Gooder, W.J., Oetzel, G.R. (1999). Diagnostic methods for the detection of Sub-acute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 82: 1170-1178.
  11. Gozho, G.N., Krause, D.O., Plaizier, J.C. (2007). Ruminal lipopoly-saccharide concentration and inûammatory response during grain-induced subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 90: 856-866.
  12. Huber, T.L. (1971). Effect of acute indigestion on compartmental water volumes and osmolarity in sheep. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 32: 887-890.
  13. Kahn, C.M. and Line, S. (2010). The Merck Veterinary Manual, 10th Edn., Merck and CO., INC. Whitehouse station, N.J., U.S.A. pp.2822-2824.
  14. Khafipour, E., Li, S., Plaizier, J.C., Krause, D.O. (2009). Rumen microbiome composition determined using two nutritional models of Sub acute ruminal acidosis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75: 7115-7124.
  15. Kleen, J.L., Hooijer, G.A., Rehage, J., Noordhuizen, J.P.T.M. (2009). Subacute ruminal acidosis in Dutch dairy herds. Veterinary Record. 164: 681-684.
  16. Kleen, J.L., Upgang, L., Rehage, J. (2003). Prevalence and consequences of subacute ruminal acidosis in German dairy herds. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 55: 2-6.
  17. Li, S., Gozho, G.N., Gakhar, N., Khafipour, E., Krause, D.O., Plaizier, J.C. (2012). Evaluation of diagnostic measures for subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows. Canadian Journal of Animal Science. 92: 353-364.
  18. Malekkhahi, M., Tahmasbi, A.M., Naserian, A.A., Danesh-Mesgaran, M., Kleen, J.L., AlZahal, O., Ghaffari, M.H. (2015). Effects of supplementation of active dried yeast and malate during sub-acute ruminal acidosis on rumen fermentation, microbial population, selected blood metabolites and milk production in dairy cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 213: 29-43.
  19. Marchesini, G., Nardi, R.De, Gianesella, M., Anna-Lisa Stefani, Morgante, M., Barberio, A., Andrighetto, I., Segato, S. (2013). Effect of induced ruminal acidosis on blood variables in heifers. BMC Veterinary Research. 9: 98.
  20. Nasr Mohamed Y, Sabry A. Elkhodary, Noha A. Beder and Besheer G. Elshafey. (2017). Epidemiological and diagnostic studies on subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cow. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 53: 83-90.
  21. Nawid, M.A. (2012). Subacute rumen acidosis in dairy cattle. M.V.Sc. thesis submitted to Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University Bidar, Karnataka.
  22. Petrujkic, B., Samanc, H., Adamovic, M., Stojic, V., Petrujkic, T., Grdovic, S., Sefer, D., Markovic, R. (2010). Effects of feeding buffering mineral mixture on subacute rumen acidosis and some production traits in dairy cows. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research. 58: 171-177.
  23. Prasanth, C.R. and Ajithkumar, S. (2016). Effect of sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) on milk quality and production performances in commercial dairy farms- A review. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology. 5:3731-3741.
  24. Rodríguez-Lecompte, J.C., Kroeker, A.D., Ceballos-Márquez, A., Li, S., Plaizier, J.C., Gomez, D.E. (2014). Evaluation of the systemic innate immune response and metabolic alterations of nonlactating cows with diet-induced subacute ruminal acidosis. Journal of dairy Science. 97: 1-11.
  25. Shah, O., Shaheen, M., Gupta, G., Anshul Lather, Nabi, S.U., Wani, A.R., Hassan, M. (2013). Clinical and haemato-biochemical changes in rumen acidosis in south down breed of sheep in Kashmir valley. Haryana Veterinarian. 52: 60-62.
  26. Trevisi, E., Minuti, A., Cogrossi, S., Grossi, P., Ahmed, S., Bani, P. (2014). Can a single rumen sample really diagnose SARA in commercial farms ?. Animal Production Science. 54: 1268-1272. 

Global Footprints