Indian Journal of Animal Research

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 9 (september 2020) : 1109-1114

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Manganese, Chromium and Cobalt on Semen Qualities in Sahiwal Bulls

Anupama Tarun, Veena Mani, Mukesh Bhakat, Tushar Kumar Mohanty, Goutam Mondal
1Animal Nutrition Division, ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Tarun Anupama, Mani Veena, Bhakat Mukesh, Mohanty Kumar Tushar, Mondal Goutam (2020). Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Manganese, Chromium and Cobalt on Semen Qualities in Sahiwal Bulls. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(9): 1109-1114. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3870.
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplemental manganese (Mn), chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) on semen qualities in Sahiwal bulls. Twelve Sahiwal bulls divided into three groups T1, T2 and T3 based on their similar semen volume and concentration and were fed with 0, 1.5 and 2.0 times higher Mn, Cr and Co over and above the basal diet (ICAR, 2013) in T1, T2 and T3, respectively, for a period of 120 days. Semen was collected in all the groups twice a week and evaluated for quantitative and qualitative attributes. It was found that additional supplementation of Mn, Cr and Co had no influence on body weight gain, intake and digestibility of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and acid detergent fibre (ADF)]. Seminal mass motility, initial progressive motility, live spermatozoa, normal spermatozoa, intact acrosome and hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) positive sperm count was higher (P<0.05) in T3 group in comparison to T1 and T2 groups of fresh as well as frozen semen. Blood superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was higher (P>0.05) in both T2 and T3 than T1. A reduction (P<0.05) in lipid peroxidation activity (LPO) in fresh and frozen semen in T3 group was observed. It may be concluded that dietary supplementation of Mn @ 30 ppm, Co @ 0.22 ppm and Cr @ 2 ppm, respectively per day per Sahiwal bull can improve the qualitative and quantitative attributes of semen.
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