ELEFAN Based Population Dynamics of Bombay Duck, Harpadon nehereus Inhabiting the Marine Waters of the West Coast of India

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3867    | Article Id: B-3867 | Page : 1042-1048
Citation :- ELEFAN Based Population Dynamics of Bombay Duck, Harpadon nehereus Inhabiting the Marine Waters of the West Coast of India.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2020.(54):1042-1048
Fofandi Mahendrakumar, D., Prathibha Rohit fofandimahendra@gmail.com
Address : Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Veraval Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI, Matsyabhavan, Veraval 362 265, Gujarat, India. 
Submitted Date : 26-06-2019
Accepted Date : 15-10-2019

Abstract

We studied ELEFAN based population parameters from length-frequency data for Harpadon nehereus collected from different landing centres along the west coast of India. We analyzed the size structure and estimated growth parameters, recruitment, mortality and exploitation rate using FiSAT-II software. The asymptotic length (Lµ = 366 mm), growth coefficient (K = 0.98 year-1), total mortality (Z=3.32 year-1), natural mortality (M=1.6375 year-1), fishing mortality (F=1.6825 year-1), growth performance index (Ø = 3.12) and exploitation ratio (E = 0.51) were worked out for the species. The exploitation ratios were computed as Emax= 0.661, E10= 0.568, E50= 0.345. The length at first capture (Lc50) was estimated at 163.44 mm. The present value of E was found close to appropriate fishing pressure on the stock and a further increase of fishing pressure is not recommended.

Keywords

Asymptotic Length Bombay duck Population dynamics Recruitment Pattern Y/R

References

  1. Ahamed, F., Ahmed, Z., Hossain, M. Y. and Ohtomi, J. (2012). Growth study of the Pool Barb Puntius sophore (Cyprinidae: Barbinae) through Multi-Model Inferences. Zoological Studies. 51: 1077–1085.
  2. Alrashada, Y. N., Tharwat, A. and Boqursain, A. (2019). Population dynamics of the green tiger prawn, Penaeus semisulcatus de Haan, 1844 in the Saudi coast of the Arabian Gulf. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 1–6. DOI: 10.18805/    ijar.B-1056.
  3. Bailey, R. S. (2003). Fish population dynamics in tropical waters: A manual for use with programmable calculators. Fisheries Research. 4: 171–173.
  4. Balli, J. J., Chakraborty, S. K. and Jaiswar, A. K. (2011). Population dynamics of Bombay duck Harpadon nehereus (Ham. 1822) (Teleostomi/Harpadontidae) from Mumbai waters, India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences. 40: 67–70.
  5. Beverton, R. J. H. and Holt, S. J. (1957). On the Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations. Springer Netherlands. pp 544.
  6. Beverton, R. J. H. and Holt, S. J. (1966). Manual of methods for fish stock assessment. Part II. Tables of yield function. In FAO Fish.Biol.Tech.Pap.
  7. Beverton, R. J. H. and Holt, S. J. (2008). A Review of the lifespans and mortality rates of fish in nature and their relation to growth and other physiological characteristics. In CIBA Foundation colloquia on ageing: the lifespan of animals, (Ed. by G. E. W. Wolstenholme and O. Maeve). pp.142-180.
  8. Biradar, R. S. (1989). Estimates of stock density, biomass and maximum sustainable yield of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskal) off the north west coast of India. Fishery Survey of India Special Publication. 2: 55–65.
  9. Biradar, R. S. S. (1987). Stock Assessment of Bombay duck (Harpodon nehereus) off Maharashtra, India. In contributions to tropical fish stock assessment in India. Papers prepared by the participants at the FAO/Danida/ICAR. National follow-up training course in Fish Stock Assessment.pp 157.
  10. Cailliet, G. M., Smith, W. D., Mollet, H. F. and Goldman, K. J. (2006). Age and growth studies of chondrichthyan fishes: The need for consistency in terminology, verification, validation and growth function fitting. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 77: 211–228.
  11. CMFRI. (2016). CMFRI Annual Report 2016-2017. Kochi.
  12. Cushing, D. (1981). Stock and Recruitment. In Fisheries Biology: a Study in Population Dynamics, pp. [Ed. by D. Cushing]. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin. 142-171.
  13. Fernandez, I. and Devaraj, M. (1996). Dynamics of the Bombay duck (Harpodon nehereus) stock along the northwest coast of India. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 43: 1–11.
  14. Froese, R. and Binohlan, C. (2000). Empirical relationships to estimate asymptotic length, length at first maturity and length at maximum yield per recruit in fishes, with a simple method to evaluate length frequency data. Journal of Fish Biology. 56: 758–773. 
  15. Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: History, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 22: 241–253.
  16. Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (2018). Fish Base. World Wide Web Electronic Publication.
  17. Gayanilo, F. C., Sparre, F., Pauly, D. and Gayanilo, F.C.Jr.; Sparre, P.; Pauly, D. (2005). FAO-ICLARM Stock Assessment Tools II (FiSAT II). Revised version. User’s guide.
  18. Gayanilo Jr., F. C. and Pauly, D. (1997). FAO-ICLARM Stock Assessment Tools - Reference manual. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
  19. Ghosh, S., Pillai, N. G. K. and Dhokia, H. K. (2009). Fishery and population dynamics of Harpadon nehereus (Ham.) off the Saurashtra coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 56: 13–19.
  20. Gulland, J. A. (1971). The Fish Resources of the Ocean. Fishing News (Books) Ltd., Surrey, England. pp 284.
  21. He, X., Yan, Y., Feng, C., Shi, Y., Guo, J., Shen, C., Li, J., et al. (2018). Length-weight relationship and population dynamics of Bombay Duck (Harpadon nehereus) in the Min River Estuary, East China Sea. Thalassas: An International Journal of Marine Sciences. 35: 253–261.
  22. Islam, S. S. (1995). Population dynamics of some fishes and shrimp of Karnafully river estuary based on length-frequency data. University of Chittagong, Bangladesh. pp 37–76.
  23. Jones, R. and Zalinge, N. P. V. (1981). Estimations of mortality rate and population size for shrimp in Kuwait waters. Kuwait Bull. of Marine Science. 2: 273–288.
  24. Jones, R. (1981). The use of length composition data in fish stock assessments (with notes on VPA and cohort analysis). FAO - Fisheries Circular. 734: 60.
  25. Khan, M. Z. (1983). Preliminary observations on the fishery of Bombay duck Harpodon nehereus in the Gulf of Kutch. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 30: 110–115.
  26. Khan, M. Z. (1986). Mortality and stock-size estimates of the Harpodon nehereus (Ham.), off Nawabunder, Gujarat. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 33: 354–358.
  27. Khan, M. Z. (1989). Population dynamics of the Bombay duck, Harpodon nehereus (Ham.), off Saurashtra coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 36: 93–101.
  28. Khan, M. Z., Kurup, K. N. and Lipton, A. P. (1992). Status of Bombay duck Harpadon nehereus (Ham.) resource off Saurashtra coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 39: 235–242. 
  29. Krishnayya, C. H. (1968). Age and growth of Harpadon nehereus (Ham.) and its fishery in the Hooghly. Journal of Zoological Society of India. 20: 129–147.
  30. Kurian, A. (1989). Application of synthetic models for the assessment of Bombay duck, Harpodon nehereus (Ham.)stock off the Maharashtra coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 36: 275–283.
  31. Kurian, A. and Kurup, K. N. (1992). Stock assessment of Bombay duck Harpodon nehereus (Ham.) off Maharashtra coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 39: 243–248.
  32. Laga, A., Affandi, R., Muchsin, I. and Kamal, M. M. (2015). Growth and exploitation rate of the Bombay Duck (Harpodon nehereus Hamilton, 1822) (Fish: Synodontidae) in Tarakan Island Waters, Indonesia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). 22: 341–353.
  33. Li, M. and Huang, S. (2009). Management of Fishery Resources in Yangtze River Estuary. Asian Agricultural Research. 01: 6. 
  34. Liang, C. and Pauly, D. (2017). Growth and mortality of exploited fishes in China’s coastal seas and their uses for yield-    per-recruit analyses. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 33: 746–756.
  35. Lin, L., Zhang, H., Li, H. and Cheng, J. (2006). Study on seasonal variation of the feeding habits of hairtail (Trichiurus japonicus) in the East China Sea. pp 932–936.
  36. Mustafa, M. G., Azadi, M. A. and Islam, M. S. (1994). ELEFAN based population dynamics of Bombay duck Harpadon nehereus Hamilton-Buchman from the Kumira estuary. In 9th National Zool. Conf. of the Zoological Society of Bangladesh.
  37. Mustafa, M. G., Zafar, M., Matin, A. K. M. A. and Amin, S. M. N. (1998). Population dynamics of Harpodon nehereus (Ham. - Buch) from the Kutubdia channel of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Fisheries Research. 2: 83–90.
  38. Nurul, A. S. M. (2001). Studies on Age and Growth, VPA Analysis and Relative Condition Factor of Harpodon nehereus (Ham-Buch) from the Neritic Water of Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Sciences. 1: 192–194.
  39. Pan, X. and Cheng, J. (2013). Feeding ecology of Harpadon nehereus in areas adjacent to Changjiang River estuary. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China. 18: 1132–1140.
  40. Pauly, D. (1982). Studying single-species dynamics in tropical multi-    species context. ICLARM conference proceedings on theory and management of tropical fisheries. 33–40.
  41. Pauly, D. and Munro, J. L. (1984). Once more on growth comparisons in fish and invertebrates. Fishbyte. 2: 21. The World Fish Center.
  42. Pauly, D. and Soriano, M. L. (1986). Some practical extensions to {Beverton} and {Holt}’s relative yield-per-recruit model. In Fisheries (Bethesda), pp. 491–496.
  43. Pauly, D. (2007). On the interrelationships between natural mortality, growth parameters and mean environmental temperature in 175 fish stocks. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 39: 175–192.
  44. Pitcher, T. J., Watson, R. E. G., Courtney, A. M., Pauly, D. and Centre, U. B. C. F. (1998). Assessment of Hong Kong’s inshore fishery resources. Fisheries Centre Research Reports. 6: 1–168.
  45. Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and Interpretation of Biological Statistics of Fish Populations. pp 1–382.
  46. Sajan, S., Mercy, T. V. A. and Malika, V. (2015). Age, Growth and Population Dynamics of an Endangered Fish Sahyadria denisonii (Day 1865) from the Western Ghats Hotspot of India. 28: 130–142.
  47. Sarker, M., Humayun, M., Rahman, M. A. and Uddin, M. S. (2018). Population dynamics of Bombay duck Harpodon nehereus (Hamilton, 1822) of the Bay of Bengal along Bangladesh coast. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology. 45: 101–110.
  48. Sparre, P. and Venema, S. C. (1992). Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment Part I/ : Manual. pp 376.

Global Footprints