Influence of Lactation Order and Lactation Stage on Physico-Chemical Properties of Pantja Goat Milk

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3861    | Article Id: B-3861 | Page : 1055-1059
Citation :- Influence of Lactation Order and Lactation Stage on Physico-Chemical Properties of Pantja Goat Milk.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2020.(54):1055-1059
Surya Pratap Singh Chauhan, Sanjay Kumar, D.V. Singh, R.K. Sharma, Jyoti Palod, P. Prabhakaran suryachauhan91@gmail.com
Address : Department of Livestock Production Management, C.V.A.Sc. GBPUAT, Pantnagar-263 145, Uttarakhand, India.
Submitted Date : 15-06-2019
Accepted Date : 20-12-2019

Abstract

Goat is a versatile animal having short generation interval with lower investment cost and higher prolificacy. The present study was carried out at Goat farm, LPM, GBPUAT, Pantnagar. During the entire study the fresh milk samples of Pantja goats were taken according to lactation order and stage viz., 1st (Upto 30 days), 2nd (31 to 60 days) and 3rd (above 61 days) stage of lactation were analyzed for physico-chemical properties. The values of milk composition were significantly affected by lactation order and stage of lactation and their interaction. The color of Pantja goat milk was perfectly white in all the lactation order and lactation stages. The specific gravity and boiling point of milk increased significantly from 1st to 3rd lactation order and with advancement of lactation stage. The milk composition; fat, protein, total solids, solids not fat, total ash and chemical properties viz. titratable acidity of milk was increased significantly in advanced lactation order and stage of lactation except, pH, water and carbohydrate which showed a declining trend.

Keywords

Lactation order Lactation stages Milk Pantja goat Physico-chemical properties

References

  1. Aganga, A.A., Amarteifio, J.O. and Nkile, N. (2002). Effect of stage of lactation on nutrient composition of Tswana sheep and goat’s milk. J. Food Comp. and Anal. 15(5):533-543.
  2. Antunac, N., Samarsija, D., Havranek, J.L., Pavic, V. and Mioc, B. (2001). Effects of stage and number of lactation on the chemical composition of goat milk. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 46(12):548-553.
  3. AOAC, (2005). Official Methods of Analysis, 17th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.
  4. Chang, J.I. and Kim, Y.K. (1978). Physico-chemical properties of Saanen goat’s milk. J. Anim. Sci.-Korean. 20:207-212.
  5. Chornobai, C.A.M., Damasceno, J.C., Viseentainer, J.V., Souza, N.E.D. and Matsushita, M. (1999). Physic-chemical composition of crossbread Saanen goat milk from throughout lactation period. Archivas Latina Americanos-de-Nutrician. 49(3):283-286.
  6. Davide, C.L., Yap, M.T. and Sarmago, I.G. (2001). Characteristics of purebred and graded goat’s milk. 2(4):23-25.
  7. El-Tarabany, M.S., El-Tarabany, A.A. and Roushdy, E.M., (2018). Impact of lactation stage on milk composition and blood biochemical and hematological parameters of dairy Baladi goats. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 25(8): 1632-1638.
  8. Fandialan, M.M. and Davide, C.L. (2001). Goat milk: the relationship of its pH with total titratable acidity. J. Biol. Sci. 4(2):12-14.
  9. FAO. (2010). Food and Agriculture Organization. Production Yearbook, Rome, Italy.
  10. Gunjan, M., Sharma, P.K., Garg, V.K., Singh, A.K. and Mondal, S.C., (2011). Role of Goat Milk and Milk Products in Dengue Fever. J. Pharmaceu. and Biomed. Sci. 8(6):1-5.
  11. Guru, M. and Prasad, S. (2006). Effect of energy and bypass protein supplementation on production performance of lactating crossbred goats. Indian J. Dairy Sci. 59(2):90-94.
  12. Haenlein, G.F.W. (1980). Mineral nutrition of goats. J. Dairy Sci. 6(3):1729-1748.
  13. ISI, (1960). IS: 1479 (Part-1) Indian Standard Institution, Manak Bhawan-9, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi.
  14. ISI, (1961). IS: 1479 (Part-2) Indian Standard Institution, Manak Bhawan-9, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi.
  15. ISI, (1965). IS: 1183, Indian Standard Institution, ManakBhawan, BahadurShahZafarMarg, New Delhi.
  16. ISI, (1977). IS: 1224 (Part-2) Indian Standard Institution, Manak Bhawan-9, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi.
  17. Kuchtík, J., Sustova, K., Urban, T. and Zapletal, D., (2008). Effect of the stage of lactation on milk composition, its properties and the quality of rennet curdling in East Friesian ewes. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 53(2): 55.
  18. Kuchtik, J. and Sedlácková, H. (2003).Composition and properties of milk in White Short-haired goats on the third lactation. Czech J. Anim. Sci.-UZPI (Czech Republic). 48(12):540-550.
  19. Maree, H.P. (2003). Goat milk and its use as a hypo-allergenic infant food. J. Dairy Goat. 63(12):16.
  20. Park, Y.W., Juárez, M., Ramos, M. and Haenlein, G.F.W. (2007). Physico-chemical characteristics of goat and sheep milk. Small Rumin. Res. 68(3):88-113.
  21. Parkash, S. and Jenness, R. (1968). The composition and characteristics of goat’s milk: A review. In Dairy Sci. Abstr. 30(2):67-87.
  22. Roy, S.K. and Vadodaria, V.P. (2006). Goat milk and its importance. Indian J. Dairy Sci. 58(3): 68-69.
  23. Sanyal, M.K. (1993). Goat milk is better than cow milk. Indian Farming. 3(1):15-17.
  24. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (2004). Statistical methods 8th edn, East West Press Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
  25. Tike, S.M. (2007). Preparation of dahi from goat milk using probiotic cultures.M.sc. (Agri) unpublished thesis submitted to Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, rahui (Maharashtra). 
  26. Walker, V.B. (1965). Therapeutic uses of goat’s milk in modern medicine. British Goat Society’s Yearbook. 66(4):26-29.

Global Footprints