Indian Journal of Animal Research

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 4 (april 2020) : 503-507

First report of contagious ecthyma (orf) outbreak in goats of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Jai Sunder, T. Sujatha, A.K. De, D. Bhattacharya, S. Bhowmick, P. Perumal, A. Kundu
1ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair-744 105, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
Cite article:- Sunder Jai, Sujatha T., De A.K., Bhattacharya D., Bhowmick S., Perumal P., Kundu A. (2019). First report of contagious ecthyma (orf) outbreak in goats of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(4): 503-507. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3787.
Goat constitutes almost 42.1 % of the total livestock population of the A & N islands. Generally the livestock are free from many dreaded diseases which are prevalent in mainland, India.  However, in the present study the outbreak of contagious ecthyma (Orf) in goats of Andaman and Nicobar Islands was investigated and confirmed by PCR assay. The outbreak of orf was reported from different villages of the South Andaman. A total of 171 clinical cases of contagious ecthyma were reported during the different outbreak reported during the year 2017. The scab samples from the affected goats were collected and processed for extraction of viral DNA. Nested PCR assay was done by using the forward and reverse primers of parapox virus. The results revealed the confirmation of the outbreak of Contagious ecthyma (orf) virus in the goats of Andaman & Nicobar Islands for the first time. 
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