Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.43

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 4 (april 2020) : 462-467

Comparative Study of Ultrasonographic Features of Abomasum in Cattle and Buffaloes Suffering from Various Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders

Harmanpreet Singh Sodhi, Jitender Mohindroo, Sashikant Mahajan, Pallavi Verma, Opinder Singh
1Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana-141 001, Punjab, India.
Cite article:- Sodhi Singh Harmanpreet, Mohindroo Jitender, Mahajan Sashikant, Verma Pallavi, Singh Opinder (2019). Comparative Study of Ultrasonographic Features of Abomasum in Cattle and Buffaloes Suffering from Various Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(4): 462-467. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3783.
The present study was conducted on 40 clinical cases of bovine (10 cattle, 30 buffaloes) to ultrasonographically evaluate the position of abomasum in relation to anatomical landmarks in cattle and buffaloes suffering from various gastrointestinal tract (GIT) affections. Animals were divided into five groups viz. foreign body syndrome (n=14), faecolith (n=6), caecal impaction (n=5), reticular abscess (n=2) and diaphragmatic hernia (n=13) as per disease condition confirmed upon ultrasonography and surgical findings. Ultrasonographically, the distance from caudal most aspect of wither at dorsal spine to dorsal most aspect of abomasum, distance from xiphoid to cranial most aspect of abomasum, distance from mid of umblicus to caudal most aspect of abomasum and distance from ventral midline to ventral most aspect of abomasum was recorded to evaluate the size of abomasum. The ultrasonographic findings were correlated with intra-operative findings. It was concluded that the size of abomasum is significantly reduced in animals suffering from caecal impaction while the size of abomasum was significantly increased in animals suffering from faecolith and was comparable in animals suffering from diaphragmatic hernia, foreign body syndrome and reticular abscess. The location of pylorus was not significantly altered in any disease condition.
  1. Athar, H., Mohindroo, J., Singh, K., Singh, T., Singh, O. (2011). Diagnosis and surgical management of abomasal impaction in bovines. Indian Veterinary Journal, 88: 36-38.
  2. Behl, S.M., Singh, J., Krishnamurthy, D. (1997). Functional stomach disorders (Vagus indigestion) in buffaloes. A clinical investigation. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery, 18: 73-79.
  3. Braun, U., Lejeune, B., Rauch, S., Gorber, U., Schweizer, G. (2008). Ultrasonographic findings in 22 cattle with traumatic pericarditis. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd, 150: 281-86.
  4. Braun, U., Rauch, S., Hassig, M. (2009). Ultrasonographic evaluation of reticular motility in 144 cattle with vagal indigestion. Veterinary Record, 164: 11-13.
  5. Braun, U., Wild, K., Guscetti, F. (1997a). Ultrasonographic examination of the abomasum of 50 cows. Veterinary Record, 140: 93-98.
  6. Braun, U. (2003). Ultrasonography in gastrointestinal disease in cattle. Veterinary Journal, 166: 112-24.
  7. Mohindroo, J., Kumar, M., Kumar, A., Singh, S.S. (2007). Ultrasonographic diagnosis of reticular diaphragmatic hernias in buffaloes. Veterinary Record, 161: 757-58.
  8. Saini, N.S., Kumar, A., Mahajan,S.K., Sood, A.C. (2007). The use of ultrasonography and surgery in the successful recovery from diaphragmatic hernia in a cow. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 48: 757-59.
  9. Streeter, R.N., Step, D.L. (2007). Diagnostic Ultrasonography in ruminants. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food and Animal Practice, 23: 541-74. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)