Evaluation of rectal temperature during the post-parturient period in crossbred cows reared under the subtropical climate

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3734    | Article Id: B-3734 | Page : 110-115
Citation :- Evaluation of rectal temperature during the post-parturient period in crossbred cows reared under the subtropical climate.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2020.(54):110-115
T.K. Patbandha, T.K. Mohanty, R.K. Baithalu, A. Kumaresan, M. Bhakat, D. Golher, S.S. Lathwal and R. Pathak bhakat.mukesh@gmail.com
Address : Livestock Production Management Section, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
Submitted Date : 27-09-2018
Accepted Date : 4-12-2018

Abstract

The present study evaluated alteration of rectal temperature (RT) in crossbred cows (n=68) during first 7 days post-partum. The temperature-humidity-index (THI) during the study period was 80.5, 69.8 and 56.2 (P<0.05). The RT was positively associated with relative humidity i.e. RH (r = 0.268, P=0.033) and THI (r = 0.311, P=0.013) during hot-humid season; whereas, RT showed a trend of positive association with air temperature i.e.  AT (r = 0.224, P=0.077). However, no association of RT with AT, THI and RH were observed during autumn. Further, RT was positively correlated with AT (r = 0.207, P=0.023) and THI (r = 0.238, P=0.008) but negatively with RH (r = -0.425, P<0.001) during winter season. RT was significantly altered in diseased condition with higher values in infected cows than healthy cow from day one afternoon to day seven morning (P£0.05). In healthy cows, RT increased significantly by 1oF at afternoon than at morning (P<0.001) but parity did not affect RT at morning (P=0.979) and afternoon (P=0.226). The season had a significant effect on RT at morning (P=0.007) and afternoon (P<0.001); higher during the hot-humid season, while similar during autumn and winter seasons. Normal RT at morning ranged from 100.2 to 103.4oF during hot-humid and from 99.9 to 102.7oF during autumn and winter seasons. The study revealed an association of RT with AT, RH and THI varied during different seasons. Further, RT was affected by health, time of day and seasons in crossbred cows.

Keywords

Crossbred cows Rectal temperature Sub-tropical climate

References

  1. Burfeind, O., Suthar, V.S. and Heuwieser, W. (2012). Effect of heat stress on body temperature in healthy early postpartum dairy cows. Theriogenology. 78: 2031-2038.
  2. Burfeind, O., Suthar, V.S., Voigtsberger, R., Bonk, S. and Heuwieser, W. (2014). Body temperature in early postpartum dairy cows. Theriogenology. 82: 121-131.
  3. Burfeind, O., Von Keyserlingk, M.A.G., Weary, D.M., Veira, D.M. and Heuwieser, W. (2010). Short communication: repeatability of measures of rectal temperature in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 93: 624-627.
  4. Dikmen, S. and Hansen, P.J. (2009). Is the temperature-humidity index the best indicator of heat stress in lactating dairy cows in a subtropical environment? Journal of Dairy Science. 92: 109-116.
  5. Drackley, J.K., Dann, H.M., Douglas, G.N., Guretzky, N.A.J., Litherland, N.B., Underwood, J.P. and Loor, J.J. (2005). Physiological and pathological adaptations in dairy cows that may increase susceptibility to periparturient diseases and disorders. Italian Journal of Animal Science. 4: 323-344.
  6. Kendall, P.E. and Webster, J.R. (2009). Season and physiological status affects the circadian body temperature rhythm of dairy cows. Livestock Science. 125: 155-160.
  7. Kumari, S., Kumaresan, A. Patbandha, T.K. and Ravi, S.K. (2016). Risk factors for metritis and its effect on productive and reproductive performance in dairy cattle and buffaloes. Agricultural Research. 5: 72-80.
  8. Radostits, O., Arundel, J. and Gay, C. (2000). Veterinary medicine: A textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses. 9th Edition. Elsevier Health Sciences. Amsterdam, The Netherlands:
  9. Sannmann, I., Arlt, S. and Heuwieser, W. (2012). A critical evaluation of diagnostic methods used to identify dairy cows with acute postpartum metritis in the current literature. Journal of Dairy Research. 79: 436-444.
  10. Smith, B.I. and Risco, C.A. (2005). Management of periparturient disorders in dairy cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America Food Animal Practice. 21: 503-521.
  11. Suthar, V., Burfeind, O., Bonk, S., Voigtsberger, R., Keane, C. and Heuwieser, W. (2012). Factors associated with body temperature of healthy Holstein dairy cows during the first 10 days in milk. Journal of Dairy Research. 79: 135-142.
  12. Vickers, L.A., Burfeind, O., Von Keyserlingk, M.A.G., Veira, D.M., Weary, D.M. and Heuwieser, W. (2010). Technical note: Comparison of rectal and vaginal temperatures in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 93: 5246-5251.
  13. Wagner, S.A., Schimek, D.E. and Cheng, F.C. (2008). Body temperature and white blood cell count in postpartum dairy cows. Bovine Practice. 42: 18-26. 

Global Footprints