Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.44

  • SJR .282 (2022)

  • Impact Factor .427 (2022)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus

Feeding either palm oil or sunflower oil on nutrient digestibility and blood metabolites in crossbred Thai native x Brahman bull

Wantanee Polviset*, Nattiya Prakobsaeng
  • Email
1<p>Program in Animal Science, Faculty of Agricultural Technology,&nbsp;Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University, Maha Sarakham, 44000 Thailand.</p>
Cite article:- Polviset* Wantanee, Prakobsaeng Nattiya (2016). Feeding either palm oil or sunflower oil on nutrient digestibility and blood metabolites in crossbred Thai native x Brahman bull . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(3): 377-381. doi: 10.18805/ijar.8419.

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of palm oil or sunflower oil supplementations on digestibility and blood metabolites in crossbred Thai native x brahman bulls fed on TMR used rice straw as a roughage source. Four, 2 year old crossbred Thai native x Brahman bulls were randomly assigned in a 2x2 factorial in 4 x 4 latin square design. Each period of feeding lasted for 21 days to receive four dietary treatments; 3% palm oil, 6% palm oil, 3% sunflower oil and 6% sunflower oil. All animals were fed with TMR ad-libitum. It was found that supplementation of palm oil and sunflower oil had no effect on digestibility of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein (CP). Supplementation resulted in significant (P<0.05) lower acid detergent fiber (ADF) digestibility when feeding with palm oil on the other hand feeding beef cattle with 6% from palm oil and sunflower oil were higher Ether extract (EE) digestibility than 3% from twice oils (P<0.05). Blood glucose, blood urea nitrogen, cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein were not significant different among treatments. Based on this study, supplementing TMR sunflower oil in diets was suitable in beef cattle without any effect ruminal digestibility and blood metabolites.

  1. Abubakr, A.R., Alimon, A.R., Yaakub, H., Abdullah, N. and Ivan, M. (2013). Digestibility, rumen protozoa, and ruminal fermentation in goats receiving dietary palm oil by-products. J. of the Saudi Society of Agri Sci., 12: 147–154.

  2. AOAC. (1984). Offical Methods of Analysis.14th ed. The Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.

  3. Bas, P. and Morand-Fehr, P. (2000). Effect of nutritional factors on fatty acid composition of lamb fat deposits. Livest Prod Sci., 64: 61–80.

  4. Bianchi, A.E., Macedo, V.P., Franca, R.T., Lopes, S.T.A., Lopes, L.S., Stefani, L.M., Volpato, A., Machado, G., Lima, H.L., Paiano, D. and Da Silva, A.S. (2014). Effect of adding palm oil to the diet of dairy sheep on milk production and composition, function of liver and kidney, and the concentration of cholesterol, triglycerides and progesterone in blood serum. Small Ruminant Res. 117: 78– 83.

  5. Carroll, D.J., Grummer, R.R. and Clayton, M.K. (1992). Stimulation of luteal cell progesterone production by lipoproteins from cows fed control or fat-supplemented diets. J Dairy Sci. 75: 2205–2214.

  6. Clemens, E., Woods, W. and Arthaud, V. (1974). The effect of feeding unsaturated fat as influenced by the presence or absence of rumen protozoa. I. Serum lipid composition. J Anim Sci. 38: 634-639.

  7. Cordeiro, M.B., Peres, M.S., De Souza, J.M., Gaspar, P., Barbiere, F., Sa Filho, M.F., Filho, M.M., Dinardi, R.N., Nogueira, G.P., Mesquita, F.S., Pugliesi, G., Martins, T., Binelli, M. and Membrive, C.M.B. (2015). Supplementation with sunflower seed increases circulating cholesterol concentrations and potentially impacts on the pregnancy rates in Bos indicus beef cattle. Theriogenology 83: 1461–1468.

  8. Coppock, C.E. and Willks, D.L. (1991). Supplemental fat in high-energy rations for lactating cows: Effects on intake, digestion, milk yield and composition. J Anim Sci .69: 3826-3837.

  9. Duckett, S.K. and Gillis, M.H. (2010). Effects of oil source and fish oil addition on ruminal biohydrogenation of fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid formation in beef steers fed ûnishing diets. J Anim Sci. 88: 2684–2691.

  10. Goering, H.K. and Van Soeast, P.J. (1970). Forage Fiber Analyses (apparatus, reagents, procedures and some applications). Agric. Handbook No.379, AR, USDA, Washington, DC, USA. 

  11. Goldstein, J.L. and Brown, M.S. (1974). Binding and degradation of low density lipoproteins by cultured human fibroblasts: Comparison of cells from a normal subject and from a patient with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. J. Biol Chem.. 249: 5153-5165.

  12. Grummer, R.R. and Carroll, D.J. (1991). Effects of dietary fat on metabolic disorders and reproductive performance of dairy cattle. J Anim Sci. 69: 3838–3852.

  13. Jenkins, T.C. (1993). Lipid metabolism in the rumen. J Dairy Sci. 76: 3851-3863.

  14. Kris-Etherton, P.M. and Etherton, T.D. (1982). The role of lipoproteins in lipid metabolism of meat animals. J Anim Sci. 55: 804-817.

  15. Kris-Etherton, P.M. and Etherton, T.D.(1982). The role of lipoproteins in lipid metabolism of meat animals. J. Anim. Sci. 55: 804-817.

  16. Li, X.Z., Yen, C.G., Lee, H.G., Choi, C.W., Song, M.K. (2012). Inûuence of dietary plant oils on mammary lipogenic enzymes and the conjugated linoleic acid content of plasma and milk fat of lactating goats. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 174: 26–35.

  17. Manso, T., Castro, T., Mantecon, A.R. And Jimeno, V. (2006). Effects of palm oil and calcium soaps of palm oil fatty acids in fattening diets on digestibility, performance and chemical body composition of lambs. Anim Feed Sci Technol.127: 175–186.

  18. Mathison, G.W., Okine, E.K., McAllister, T.A., Dong, Y., Galbraith, J. and Dmytruk, I.O.N. (1998). Reducing methane emissions from ruminant animals. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 14: 1–28.

  19. McGinn, S.M., Beauchemin, K.A., Coates, T. and Colombatto, D. (2004). Methane emissions from beef cattle: Effects of monensin, sunflower oil, enzymes, yeast, and fumaric acid. J Anim Sci. 82 : 3346-3356.

  20. Najafi, M.H., Zeinoaldini, S., Ganjkhanlou, M., Mohammadi, H., Hopkins, D.L. and Ponnampalam, E.N. (2012). Performance, carcass traits, muscle fatty acid composition and meat sensory properties of male Mahabadi goat kids fed palm oil, soybean oil or fish oil. Meat Sci. 92: 848–854.

  21. Noci, F., French, P., Monahan, F.J. and Moloney, A.P. (2007). The fatty acid composition of muscle fat and subcutaneous adipose tissue of grazing heifers supplemented with plant oil-enriched concentrates. J Anim Sci. 85: 1062–1073.

  22. Patra, A.K. (2013). The effect of dietary fats on methane emissions, and its other effects on digestibility, rumen fermentation and lactation performance in cattle: A meta-analysis. Livest Sci. 155: 244–254.

  23. Polvise,t W., Wachiraprakorn, C. and Yuangklang, C. (2014). Effect of fat sources on digestibility and rumen fermentation in crossbred Thai Native x Brahman bulls. Indian J Anim Res. 48 : 14-20.

  24. Roy, A., Mandal, G.P. and Patra, A.K. (2013). Evaluating the performance, carcass traits and conjugated linoleic acid content in muscle and adipose tissues of Black Bengal goats fed soybean oil and sunûower oil. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 185: 43– 52.

  25. Soliva, C.R., Hindrichsen, I.K., Meile, L., Kreuzer, M. and Machmüller, A. (2003). Effects of mixtures of lauric and myristic acid on rumen methanogens and methanogenesis in vitro. Lett Appl Microbiol. 37: 35–39.

  26. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute. (2001). SAS/STAT1 User’s Guide, Version 8.2, SAS Institue, Cary, NC, USA.

  27. Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J.T. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. New York, Mc Graw-Hill Book Co, USA.

  28. Wanapat, M., Mapato, C., Pilajun, R. and Toburan, W. (2011). Effects of vegetable oil supplementation on feed intake, rumen fermentation, growth performance, and carcass characteristic of growing swamp buffaloes. Livest Sci. 135: 32-37.

  29. Wheeler, T. L., Davis, G.W., Stoecker, B.J. and Harmon, C.J. (1987). Fat and serum of two beef cattle breed types cholesterol concentration of longissimus muscle, subcutaneous. J Anim Sci. 65: 1531-1537.

  30. Willett, W.E. (2007). The role of dietary n-6 fatty acids in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. J Cardiovasc Med. 8: 42-45.

  31. Williams, G. L. (1989). Modulation of luteal activity in postpartum beef cows through changes in dietary lipid. J Anim Sci. 67: 785–793.

  32. Wood, J.D., Enser, M., Fisher, A.V., Nute, G.R., Richardson, R.I. and Sheard, P.R. (1999). Manipulating meat quality and composition. Proc Nutr Soc. Animal nutrition and metabolism group symposium on improving meat production for future needs. 58: 363-370.

  33. Zhang, R.H., Mustafa, A.F. and Zhao, X. (2007). Effects of feeding oilseeds on nutrient utilization by lactating ewes. Small Ruminant Res. 67: 307-311.

Editorial Board

View all (0)