Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 6 (june 2019) : 736-740

Changes in blood glucose and plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) in relation to body condition scores in periparturient purebred Sahiwal cows 

V. N. Khune, Sharad Mishra, M.D. Bobade, V. Bhagat, Nishma Singh
1<div style="text-align: justify;">Livestock Production Management Department, Instructional Livestock Farm Complex Department, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anjora, Durg, Chhattisgarh-491001, India.</div>
Cite article:- Khune N. V., Mishra Sharad, Bobade M.D., Bhagat V., Singh Nishma (2018). Changes in blood glucose and plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) in relation to body condition scores in periparturient purebred Sahiwal cows. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(6): 736-740. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3628.
The blood glucose and the plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) were estimated during extended transition period (56 days prepartum to 84 days postpartum) in relation to body condition scores in 26 purebred Sahiwal cows, 13 cows each from two farms i.e. the BMEF and CBF, Anjora, Durg, Chhattisgarh. BMEF herd concentrate was not fed to the animals during prepartum stage. In BMEF, the mean BCS at periodical intervals was significantly less than that of CBF herd throughout the transition period. The postpartum mean unit loss in BCS of the cows of BMEF herd (0.54±0.09) was significantly higher than that of CBF cows (0.52±0.09). The unit change in BCS was higher in magnitude till 42 days post partum in the cows of BMEF whereas it was lower in the cows of CBF.  Non significantly higher mean blood glucose concentration was observed in the cows of BMEF (61.46±16 mg/dl) than the cows of CBF.  The blood glucose level in both the herds was lower than as fore set range. The post partum mean NEFA concentration (0.138±0.015 mM/l) were significantly (P<0.01) higher than prepartum mean NEFA concentration (0.089±0.11mM/l) in BMEF cows however in CBF cows it remained same and differed non significantly. The overall mean plasma NEFA concentration in BMEF (0.116±0.010 mM/l) were significantly (P<0.01) higher than those of CBF (0.050±0.005 mM/l). In the cows of BMEF, NEFA value was higher than that of CBF and hence indicated a trend of reduction in BCS after calving. During prepartum period in BMEF and CBF cows, blodd glucose and plasma NEFA were negatively (with low “r”) correlated with BCS.
  1. Aggarwal, A., Kumar, P. and Chandra, G. (2010). Body condition scoring in dairy farming. Indian Dairyman, (April); 24-29.
  2. Bauman, D. E., and Currie, W. B. 1980. Partitioning of nutrients during pregnancy and lactation: A review of mechanisms involving homeostasis and homeorhesis. J. Dairy Sci. 63:1514–1529.
  3. Bell, A.W. (1995). Regulation of organic nutrient metabolism during transition from late pregnancy to early lactation. J. Anim. Sci. 73: 2804.
  4. Bowden, D.M. (1971). Nonesterified fatty acids and ketone bodies in blood as indicators of nutritional status in ruminants, A review. Canadian Journal of Animal Sciences, 51: 1-13.
  5. Broster, W.H. and Broster, V.J. (1998). Body score of dairy cows. J. Dairy Res. 65:155.
  6. Chilliard, Y. (1989). Physiological constraints to milk production: factors which determine nutrient partitioning, lactation persistency and mobilization of body reserves. Feeding dairy cows in the tropics. FAO Corporate Document Repository. pp. 22-35.
  7. Drackley, J.K., Overton, T.R. and Douglas, G.N. (2001). Adaptations of glucose and long chain fatty acid metabolism in liver of dairy cows during the periparturient period. J. Dairy Sci. 84 (E Suppl.), E100-E112.
  8. Elanco, (1996). Body condition scoring in dairy cattle. Elanco Animal Health Bulletin AI 8478. Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN.
  9. Faulkner, A. (1983). Fetal and neonatal metabolism. In Nutritional Physiology of Farm Animals: [J.A.F. Rook and P.C. Thomas (eds)], Longman, London, 203-242.
  10. Ferguson, J.D. (1996). Implementation of body condition scoring program in dairy herds. Feeding and managing the transition cow. Proc.Penn.Annu. Conf., Univ. of Pennsylvania, Centre for Animal Health and Productivity, Kennett Square, PA.
  11. Ferguson, J.D., Galligan, D.T. and Thomsen, N. 1994. Principal descriptors of body condition score in Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2695–2703.
  12. Kunz, P.L., Blum, J.W., Hart, I.C., Bickel, H. and Landis, J. (1985). Effects of different energy intakes before and after calving on food, performance and blood metabolites in dairy cows. Anim. Prod. 40:219-231.
  13. Rabbie, A.R., Lean, I.J., Gooden, J.M. and Miller, B.G. (1999). Relationships among metabolites influencing ovarian function in the dairy cow. J. Dairy Sci. 82:39.
  14. Reece W.O. (2004). Duke’s Physiology of Domestic Animals (12th edition).
  15. Seifi, H.A., Gorji-Dooz, M., Mohri, M., Dalir-Naghadeh, and Farzaneh, N. (2007). Variations of energy related biochemical metabolites during transition period in dairy cows. Comp Clinical Pathology 16:253-258.
  16. Shipe, W.F., Senyk, G.F. and Fountain, K.B. (1980). Modified soap solvent extraction method for measuring free fatty acids in milk. J. Dairy Sci. 63:193-198. 
  17. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G., (1994). Statistical Methods. 7th edn. Oxford and IBH. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA. 
  18. Veron, G.W. (1980). Lipid metabolism in adipose tissue of ruminant animals. Progress in Lipids Research 19:23.

Editorial Board

View all (0)