Farming practices and morphometric characterization of Andaman Local Goat

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3615    | Article Id: B-3615 | Page : 1097-1103
Citation :- Farming practices and morphometric characterization of Andaman Local Goat.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2019.(53):1097-1103
Jai Sunder, A. Kundu, M.S. Kundu, T. Sujatha and Arun Kumar De jaisunder@rediffmail.com
Address : Animal Science Division, ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, A & N Islands-744 105, India
Submitted Date : 2-04-2018
Accepted Date : 2-06-2018


Andaman Local Goat (ALG) is an indigenous goat breed of Andaman and Nicobar islands. The present study was designed to characterize the ALG for its phenotypic characters, feeding and management system. Study revealed that these goats are medium to short in stature with colour combination of black, brown and white. Ears are flat and leaf-like, medium-sized and drooping. Both sexes have small horns, curved upward and backward. Flock size per family ranges from 5 to 35. Age at first mating, weight at first mating, age at first kidding, weight at first kidding, service period, kidding interval and gestation period were 260.0±15.0 days, 8.49±0.89 kg, 420.0±12.0 days, 13.26±1.61 kg, 101.20±11.23 days, 300.0±20.0 days and 147.0±2.0 days respectively. The common diseases observed were parasitic infestation, diarrhoea, bloat, grass poisoning, orf, and tetanus. The risk of extinction of the breed is increasing in these islands due to decrease in the number of breedable male and reduction in the total population. Efforts for conservation of this indigenous breed should be strengthened to save this breed from extinction.


Andaman Local Goat Conservation Farming practices Growth performance Reproductive performance.


  1. 19th livestock census (2013). Andaman and Nicobar Administration, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
  2. Abraham, H., Gizaw, S. and Urge, M.,(2017). Begait goat production systems and breeding practices in Western Tigray, North Ethiopia. Open Journal of Animal Sciences. 7:198-212. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojas.2017.72016.
  3. Bett, R.C., Kosgey, I.S., Kahi, A.K. and Peters, J.,(2009). Analysis of production objectives and breeding practices of dairy goats in Kenya. Tropical Animal Health and Production.41:307-320. 
  4. Bhattacharya, A.N.,(1989). Characteristics of Ardhi goats in Saudi Arabia. Small Ruminant Research. 2(3):217-224.
  5. Boyazoglu, J., Hatziminaoglou, I. and Morand-Fehr, P.,(2005). The role of the goat in society: Past, present and perspectives for the future. Small Ruminant Research.60:13-23.
  6. Dereje, T., Mengistu, U., Getachew, A. and Yoseph, M.,(2015). A review of productive and reproductive characteristics of indigenous goats in Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development.27 (2).
  7. Dubeuf, J.P. and Boyazoglu, J.,(2009). An international panorama of goat selection and breeds.Livestock Science.120: 225-231.
  8. Escareño, L., Salinas-Gonzalez, H., Wurzinger, M., Iiguez, L., Slkner, J. and Meza-Herrera, C., (2012). Dairy goat production systems: status quo, perspectives and challenges. Tropical Animal Health and Production45:17-34.
  9. FAO.,(1999). Production Year-book. Food and Agricultural Organisation, Rome, Italy. 
  10. Galal, S.,(2005). Biodiversity in goats. Small Ruminant Research.60:75-81.
  11. Gatew, H., Hassen, H., Kebede, K., Haile, A., Lôbo, R.N.B., Yetayew, A. and Rischkowsky, B.,(2015). Characterization of indigenous goat populations in selected areas of Ethiopia. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research.10 (5): 287-298.
  12. Gwaze, F.R., Chimonyo, M. and Dzama, K.,(2009). Variation in the functionof goats in Zimbabwe and South Africa. Tropical Animal Health and Production.41:1381-1391.
  13. Halimani, T.E., Muchadeyi, F.C., Chimonyo, M. and Dzama, K., (2012). Opportunities for conservation and utilisation of local pig breeds in low-input production systems in Zimbabwe and South Africa. Tropical Animal Health and Production.45:81-90.
  14. Inbaraj, S., Kundu, A., De, A.K., Sunder, J. and Sejian, V., (2017). Seasonal changes in blood biochemical and endocrine responses of different indigenous goat breeds of tropical island agro-ecological environment. Biological Rhythm Research. DOI: 10.1080/    09291016.2017.1366723.
  15. Kanaujia, A.S., Pandey, B.L., Vinayak, A.K. and Kalra, S., (1986). Seasonal variation in reproductive parameters of does: a note. Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management. 2:168-170.
  16. Kosgey, I.S., (2004). Breeding objectives and breeding strategies for smallruminants in the tropics. (PhD thesis, Wageningen University).
  17. Kundu, M.S., Sunder, J., Kundu, A., De, A.K. and Sujatha, T., (2017). Reproductive and productive performances of crossbred Andaman local pigs under small holder production system at Bay Islands, India. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 51(2): 377-381
  18. Manton, H.,(2005). Dreams and Medicines: The Perspective of Xhosa Diviners and Novices in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Indo Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 5: 2-8.
  19. Mazumder, N.K. and Muzumder, A., (1983). Breed characteristics of some Indian pashmina goats. Indian Journal Animal Sciences.    53(7):779-782. 
  20. Mdladla, K., Dzomba, E.F. and Muchadeyi, F.C., (2017). Characterization of the village goat production systems in the rural communities of the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and North West Provinces of South Africa. Tropical Animal Health and Production.49:515–527.
  21. Misra, S.K. and Sinha, R., (2001). Studies on the incidence of multiple birth and reproduction of Black Bengal goat in village condition. Journal of International Academic Research.5:212-215.
  22. Mopaté, L.Y., Zeuh, V., Adoum, I.Y. and Nadjissara, D., (2014). Structure and reproductive performances of Sahelian Goats in the Guera Region, in Central Chad. Open Journal of Animal Sciences.4:175-181.
  23. Muhammad, M.S., Abdullah, M., Javed, K., Khan, M.S. and Jabbar, M.A., (2015). Goat Production Systems in Punjab. Pakistan Veterinary Journal.25:618–624.
  24. Nsoso, S.J. and Morake, G.T., (1999). A critical look at the use of exotic bulls and a proposed breeding strategy under traditional farming in Botswana. South African Journal of Animal Science.29:100-104.
  25. Paengkoum, P., Thongpea, S. and Paengkoum, S., (2017). Utilization of concentrate supplements containing varying levels of cassava leaf pellet by growing goats fed a basal diet of pangola hay. Indian Journal Animal Research.51(6): 1091-1096.
  26. Pal, A., Chatterjee, P.N., Das, S., Battobyal, S., Biswas, P. and Sharma, A., (2016). Biodiversity among sheep and goat reared under different agro climatic regions of West Bengal, India. Indian Journal Animal Sciences. 87(1):80-86.
  27. Ruvuna, F., Cartwright, T.C., Blackburn, H., Okeyo, M. and Chema, S., (1988). The gestation length, birth weight and growth rates of pure-bred indigenous goats and their crosses in Kenya. Journal of Agricultural Science. 3(2):363-368.
  28. Saha, S.K., Senani, S., Rai, R.B., Singh, A., Kundu, A., Sunder, J., Chatterjee, R.N. and Yadav, S.P., (2004). Growth performance, carcass quality and blood profile of Andaman local goats in semi intensive system of rearing. Indian Journal Animal Sciences. 74:565-566.
  29. Santos, B.F.S., van der Werf, J.H.J., Gibson, J.P., Byrne, T.J. and Amer, P.R., (2017). Genetic and economic benefits of selection based on performance recording and genotyping in lower tiers of multi-tiered sheep breeding schemes. Genetics Selection Evolution.49:10, DOI 10.1186/s12711-016-0281-2.
  30. Selolo, T.C., Mashiloane, M.L., Norris, D., Ng’ambi, J.W. and Brown, D., (2015). Morphological differentiation of indigenous goats in different agro-ecological zones of Vhembe district, Limpopo province, South Africa. Indian Journal of Animal Research.49 (4):527-531.
  31. Singla, M., Saini, A.L., Singla, L.D., Kaswan, S., Singh, D. and Grewal, R.S., (2018). Effect of zinc supplementation as an alternative management intervention on coccideal load of Beetal bucks under stall-fed conditions. Indian Journal Animal Research.52(2): 314-318.
  32. Sunder, J., Sujatha, T., Kundu, A., Kundu, M.S. and Sophia, I., (2016a). Haematobiochemical profile of the Teressa goat: An Indigenous goat of A & N Islands. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology.18(1):47-50.
  33. Sunder, J., (2014). Status of livestock and poultry disease in A & N Islands: strategies to make island disease free. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 2(4S):42-47.
  34. Sunder, J., Kundu, A. and Kundu, M.S., (2016b). Scientific goat farming in Andaman & Nicobar Islands. In Integrated Farming System for Tropical Islands of India. Published by ICAR-CIARI, Port Blair pp 81-85. 
  35. Suresh, K.P., Kiran, G.R., Giridhar, K. and Sampath, K.T., (2012). Modeling and forecasting livestock feed resources in India using climate variables. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 25:462-70.
  36. Tesfaye, T., (2009). Characterization of goat production systems and on-farm evaluation of the growth performance of grazing goats supplemented with different protein sources in Metema Worde, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis. Dept. Anim. Sci. Haramaya University.
  37. Tilman, D., Cassman, K.G., Matson, P.A., Naylor, R. and Polasky, S., (2002). Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature.418: 671-677. 
  38. Tudu, N.K., Goswami, K.K. and Ghosh, N., (2015). Black Bengal goat farming: an important component of integrated farming system. Journal of Crop and Weed. 11:80-85.
  39. Tudu, N.K., Pyne, S.K. and Ghosh, N., (2016). Characterization of three colour varieties of Bengal goats. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology.5:3332-3338. 
  40. Yadav, S.P., Kundu, A., Ahlawat, S.P.S., Senani, S., Chatterjee, R.N., Saha, S.K., et al (2002). Haematological parameters of indigenous goat of Andaman. Indian Veterinary Journal.79:665-667.
  41. Yakubu, A. and Ibrahim, I.A., (2011). Multivariate analysis of morphostructural characteristics in Nigerian indigenous sheep.Italian Journal of Animal Science. 10:2,e17, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2011.e17.

Global Footprints