Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 7 (july 2019) : 963-966

Coprological analysis for estimating prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in captive sloth bears (Melursus ursinus)

V. Manjunatha, M. Rout, A.A. Sha, S.M. Byregowda, T. Joseph
1Wild Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals, Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bannerghatta-560 083, Bengaluru, India.
Cite article:- Manjunatha V., Rout M., Sha A.A., Byregowda S.M., Joseph T. (2019). Coprological analysis for estimating prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in captive sloth bears (Melursus ursinus). Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(7): 963-966. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3608.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the gastrointestinal parasitic infestations in captive bears maintained in Wildlife SOS, Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bengaluru. A total of 85 fecal samples were collected over a period of 12 months from apparently normal/healthy captive bears and examined. The fecal samples were analysed using sedimentation and floatation techniques followed by microscopic identification of parasitic eggs. It revealed the prevalence of 51 (60%) Hymenolepis diminuta, 20 (23.52%) Toxocara sp ova, 3 (3.52%) Capillaria sp, 2 (2.35%) Trichuris sp ova, 2 (2.35%) Eimeria sp oocysts and 8 (9.41%) Ancylostomatid eggs. The study suggested that among different parasitic infections, the prevalence of cestodes was extremely higher, since insects were the intermediate hosts for the Hymenolepis sp. The study is suggestive of periodic anthelmintic therapy in the said species under captivity so as to maintain a sound health.
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