Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 7 (july 2019) : 890-894

Biometrical sexual differentiation of fourth, fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae in blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus)

S. Sathapathy, B.S. Dhote, D. Mahanta, S. Tamilselvan, M. Mrigesh, S.K. Joshi
1Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar-751 003, Odisha, India.
Cite article:- Sathapathy S., Dhote B.S., Mahanta D., Tamilselvan S., Mrigesh M., Joshi S.K. (2018). Biometrical sexual differentiation of fourth, fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae in blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus). Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(7): 890-894. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3598.
The present study was carried out on the lumbar vertebrae of adult Blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus) of either sex. Biometrical observations on different parameters of lumbar vertebrae reflected significance (P<0.05) differences between the sexes of this species. It was confirmed that the average length of body gradually decreased from fourth to sixth lumbar vertebrae in the Blue bull. The average transverse diameter or width of vertebral canal and average vertical diameter or height of the vertebral canal was largest in the sixth lumbar vertebra. The average length of transverse process gradually increased from fourth to fifth lumbar vertebra and then it suddenly decreased in the sixth lumbar vertebra. The average height of the dorsal supraspinous process gradually decreased from fourth to sixth lumbar vertebrae and it was lowest in the sixth one. The data on the biometry of fourth, fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae of Blue bull would develop a baseline that could be useful to the wild life Veterinarians in identification and solving vetero-legal cases. 
  1. Bagchi, S., Goyal, S.P. and Shankar, K. (2004). Herbivore density and biomass in a semi-arid tropical dry deciduous forest of western India. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 20(4): 475-478.
  2. Choudhary, O.P., Singh, I., Bharti, S.K., Mohd, K.I., Dhote, B.S. and Mrigesh, M. (2015). Gross Studies on Lumbar, Sacrum and Coccygeal Vertebrae of Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra). Indian Veterinary Journal. 92 (3) 75 – 78. 
  3. Frandson, B.S. and Spurgeon, T,L. (1992). Anatomy and physiology of farm animals. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia. 5th ed., pp: 64-68.
  4. Getty, R., Sisson, S. and Grossman, J.D. (1930). The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. W.B. Saunders Comp., Philadelphia. 2nd ed. (Vol. 1), pp: 25-27; 33-45,125-130.
  5. Kumar, N., Kukreti, S., Ishaque, M. and Mulholland, R. (2000). Anatomy of deer spine and its comparison to the human spine. The Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular and Evolutionary Biology. 260 (4): 189-203.
  6. Meena, V. K. (2012). Gross studies on the bones of vertebral column in chital (Axis axis). Masters’ thesis submitted to the Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner.
  7. Miller, M.E., Christensen, G.C. and Evans, H.E. (1964). Anatomy of the Dog. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, USA. pp: 51- 61.
  8. Raghavan, D. (1964). Anatomy of Ox. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. pp: 17-38.
  9. Rajani, C.V., Maya, S., Sreeranjini, A.R. and Raj, I.V. (2011). Morphological studies on the lumbar vertebrae in leopards (Panthera pardus). Tamilnadu J. Veterinary & Animal Sciences. 7(6): 258-261.
  10. Sathapathy, S., Dhote, B.S., Singh, I., Mahanta, D. and Tamil selvan, S. (2017). Gross and morphological studies on the sacrum of Blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 5(6): 1591-1597.
  11. Sathapathy, S., B.S. Dhote, M. Mrigesh, D. Mahanta and Tamil Selvan, S. (2018). Gross and morphometrical studies on the sternum of Blue Bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 7(01): 136-145. https://doi.org/10.20546/    ijcmas.2018.701.015.
  12. Smuts, M.S. and Bezuidenhout, A.J. (1987). Anatomy of Dromedary, Oxford Science Publications, pp: 9-20.
  13. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th edn. lowa State University Press, Ames, lowa, USA. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)