Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 10 (october 2018) : 1469-1475

Toxicological evaluation and effects of oganophosphate compounds on hematological profile of juvenile common carps (Cyprinus carpio var. Communis)

Imtiyaz Qayoom, Masood H. Balkhi, Feroz A. Shah, Bilal A. Bhat
1Faculty of Fisheries, Sher e Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Rangil Ganderbal-190006, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Cite article:- Qayoom Imtiyaz, Balkhi H. Masood, Shah A. Feroz, Bhat A. Bilal (2018). Toxicological evaluation and effects of oganophosphate compounds on hematological profile of juvenile common carps (Cyprinus carpio var. Communis). Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(10): 1469-1475. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3526.
Present study was carried out to investigate the alterations in the haematological profile of juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio var. communis) against acute toxicity of organophosphorous compounds, dimethoate and chlorpyrifos. The fish were divided into 5 different experimental groups for range finding tests on the basis of which the doses for definitive tests were selected. The acute bioassay toxicity tests were carried out in triplicates for 96 hours with a control group run parallel to the experiment. Data obtained was analyzed as per Finney’s probit to determine LC50 values. The mean lethal concentration was found 1.1ppm and 3.8ppb respectively for dimethoate and chlorpyrifos. The samples investigated for various haematological parameters such as haemoglobin concentration (Hb), Red blood cell (TEC) and White blood cell (TLC & DLC) counts the heamatocrit (Ht) level, the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and the mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH). Packed cell volume (PCV) and Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) showed a negative impact of pesticide treated fishes when compared with control. Hb, TEC and Ht were found lower while as ESR and TLC were recorded higher than the control specimens. MCV and MCH showed statistically insignificant differences when compared with control. In DLC, monocyte lymphocyte, neutrophil and basophils were found increased while as eosinophil count was found unaffected than the normal. Studies suggested that the pesticides are potential toxicants for common carps among which chlorpyrifos was found to elicit profound changes intense than dimethoate.
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