Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 2 (april 2016) : 287-289

Risk factors and prevalence of Porcine cysticercosis in free range pigs of selected areas of South Africa

Michelo Syakalima*1, Thembekile L. Foli1, Mulunda Mwanza1
1<p>Department of Animal Health, School of Agriculture, Faculty of agriculture, Science and Technology,&nbsp;Mafikeng Campus, North West University, Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho, South Africa, 2735.</p>
Cite article:- Syakalima*1 Michelo, Foli1 L. Thembekile, Mwanza1 Mulunda (2016). Risk factors and prevalence of Porcine cysticercosis in free range pigsof selected areas of South Africa . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(2): 287-289. doi: 10.18805/ijar.8420.

Taenia solium, a pig tapeworm, is an important zoonotic parasite common in countries with low standards of personal hygiene and poor environmental sanitation and control measures. Man is the definitive host while pigs are the main source of infection to man. Free range pigs play an important role in the transmission of the disease because of their habit of ingesting human faeces. Free range pigs are abundant in some provinces of South Africa and are usually reared by poor communities living in environment with poor sanitation. In this study we tested serum samples collected from free range pigs in Gauteng, Limpopo, North-west, Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Free State, Kwa-Zulu Natal and Northern Cape provinces of South Africa. The cysticercosis status was estimated using an ELISA kit (apDia, bvba, Belgium). The prevalence levels in these provinces were: 3.6, 6.3, 5.9, 16.6, 4.6, 0, 0, and 0% respectively, whereas, the overall prevalence was 5.2%. These levels indicate the existing zoonotic risk arising from rearing free range pigs and the need for public health interventions.


  1. Geerts, S., Zoli, A., Willingham, L., Brandt, J., Dorny, P., Preux, P.M. (2002). Taenia solium cysticercosis in Africa: an under-recognised problem. In: [Craig, P., Pawlowski, Z., (Eds.)], CestodeZoonoses: Echinococosis and Cysticercosis-An Emergent and Global Problem. IOS Press, Amsterdam, 395 pp.

  2. Krecek R.C., Mohammed H., Michael L.M., Schantz P.M., Ntanjana L., Morey L., Werre S.R., Willingham A.L. (2012). Risk Factors of Porcine Cysticercosis in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.PLoS ONE 7: e37718.doi:10.1371/    journal.pone.0037718.

  3. Ngowi, H.A., Kassuku, A.A., Madeda G.E.M., Boa M.E., Carabin, H., et al. (2004). Risk factors for the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Mbulu District, Tanzania. Veterinary Parasitology 120: 275–283.

  4. Phiri, I.K., Ngowi, H., Afonso, S., Matenga, E., Boa, M., Mukaratirwa, S., Githigia, S., Saimo, M., Sikasunge, C., Maingi, N., Lubega, G.W., Kassuku, A., Michael, L., Siziya, S., Krecek, R.C., Noormahomed, E., Vilhena, M., Dorny, P., Willingham, A.L III. (2003). The emergence of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa as a serious agricultural problem and public health risk. Acta Tropica, 87:13-23.

  5. Sanchez, A.L., Gomez, O.D., Allebeck, P., Cosenza, H. and Ljungstrong, I. (1997). Epidemiological study of Taenia solium infection in a rural village in Honduras. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 91: 163-171.

  6. Sarti-G, E., Schantz, P.M., Aguilera, J. and Lopez, A., (1992). Epidemiological observations on Porcine cysticercosis in rural community of Michoacan State, Mexico. Veterinary Parasitology, 41:195-201.

  7. Schantz, P.M., Moore, A.C., Munoz, J.L. (1992). Neurocysticercosis in an Orthodox Jewish community in New York City. New England Journal of Medicine, 327:692-695.

  8. Sikasunge, C.S., Phiri, I.K., Phiri, A.M., Dorny, P., Siziya, S., Willingham, A.L. (2007). Risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis in selected districts of Eastern and Southern provinces of Zambia. Veterinary Parasitology 143: 59–66.

  9. Toledo, A., Larralde, C., Fragoso, G., Gevokian, G., Man-outcharian, K., Hernandez, M., Acero, G., Rosas, G., Lopez-    Casillas, F., Garfias, C.K., Vazquez, R., Terrazas, I., Sciutto, E. (2001). Towards a Taenia solium Cysticercosis Vaccine: an epitope shared by Taenia crassiceps and Taenia solium protects mice against experimental cysticercosis. Infection and Immunity, 67: 2522-2530.

     

Editorial Board

View all (0)