Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.44

  • SJR .282 (2022)

  • Impact Factor .427 (2022)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus

Growth, nutrient utilization and economics of broiler fed Tithonia diversifolia Flower Meal (TDFM) as substitute of conventional feed-stuffs in Mizoram, India

R. Buragohain, T.K. Rajkhowa
  • Email
1Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Central Agricultural University, Selesih, Aizawl-796 014, Mizoram, India.
Cite article:- Buragohain R., Rajkhowa T.K. (2018). Growth, nutrient utilization and economics of broiler fed Tithonia diversifolia Flower Meal (TDFM) as substitute of conventional feed-stuffs in Mizoram, India. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(3): 349-354. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3500.
The study was for assessing performance of broilers fed Tithonia diversifolia flower meal as substitute of conventional feed ingredients. 180 number of day-old broiler chicks were assigned into six homogenous groups and fed rations with TDFM at 0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% of the total ration, respectively. The feeding trial was conducted up to 6th weeks of age and a metabolic trial for 3 days at the end of feeding trial. The average body weight gain decreased with increased level of TDFM; but, no significant difference was observed up to 6%inclusion level at 42nd days of age. No significant difference was observed for apparent nutrient digestibility, but was comparatively lower at 8% and 10% level. No significant difference observed in average profit and ERS up to 6% TDFM inclusion. It was concluded that TDFM was acceptable and could be included up to 6% level without significant effects on growth, nutrient utilization and economics of broiler in Mizoram.
  1. Adeyemi, O.A., Adekoya, J.A., Sobayo, R.A. (2012). Performance of broiler chickens fed diets containing cassava leaf: blood meal mix as replacement for soyabean meal. Revista Cientifica UDO Agricola., 12(1):212-219.
  2. AOAC, (2006). Official Methods of Analysis, Vol. I., 18th Ed., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.
  3. BIS,(2002). Nutrient requirements of poultry. Bureau of Indian Standard, Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, ndia.
  4. Bolu, S.A., Ojo, V., Oyeleke, B.A., Ajiboye, A.O., Baa Sambo A., Oluyemi, O.(2009). Effects of Alphamune G on the performance, blood chemistry and Histology of Broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 32-34.
  5. Buragohain, R. (2013). Nutritive and non-nutritive composition of wild sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia). Indian Veterinary Journal, 90(5): 106-109.
  6. Buragohain, R. (2016). Growth performance, nutrient utilization, and feed efficiency in broilers fed Tithonia diversifolia leaf meal as substitute of conventional feed ingredients in Mizoram. Veterinary World, 9(5): 444-449.
  7. Economic Survey Mizoram, (2012-13). Published by Planning and Implementation Department, Govt. of Mizoram.
  8. Egbunike, G. N., Sadiku, M. O.,and Okebiorun O. E. (2000). Sperm production and related phenomenon in rats fed diets containing pawpaw peels seed and leaves. Tropical Journal of Animal Science,3(2): 77-84.
  9. Ekeocha, A. H.(2012). Utilization of Mexican Sunflower (Tithonia Diversifolia, Hemsley a Gray) leaf meal on the average production cost and returns of broiler chicks. Journal of Research Advances in Agriculture, 1(2):34-42.
  10. Ekeocha, A.H. and Afolabi, K.D. (2012). Carcass characteristics of broiler fed Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) leaf meal based diets. Journal of Animal Production Advances, 2(5):271-276.
  11. Fajimi, A. O., Babatunde, G. M., Ogunlana, F. F., and Oyejide. (1993). Comparative utilisation of rubber seed oil and palm oil by broilers in humid tropical environment. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 43: 177-178.
  12. Francisco, K. and Chionile, Z. (2014). Effects of partially replacing soybean meal in grower diets with pawpaw (Carica papaya) leaf meal on nutrient digestibility and growth performance of Japanese quails (Cortunix japonica). International Journal of Livestock Research, 4(5):7-14. 
  13. Igugo, R.U. (2014). An assessment of the use of varying levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal as a substitute forvitamin+mineral premix in finisher broiler diet. Journal of Experimental Research, 2(2):88-92.
  14. Oluyemi, J.A. and Roberts, P.A. (2000). Poultry Production in the Warm et Climates. Spectrum Book Limited Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 103-108.
  15. Omekan, V. N. (1994). Studies on nutrition and healthimplications of dietary inclusion of dried poultrywaste for broiler. MSc. Thesis, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria.
  16. Onunkwo, D.N. and George, O.S. (2015). Effects of moringa Oleifera leaf meal on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler birds. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 8(3): 63-66.
  17. Prince, M.L., Butler, L.G., Roger, J.G., Featherstone, W.R. (1980). Overcoming the nutritional harmful effects of tannin in sorghum grain by treatment with inexpensive chemicals. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry, 27: 441 – 445.
  18. Snedecor, G. W. and Cochran, W. G. (1994). Statistical Method, Oxford and IBH Pub. Co. New Delhi.
  19. Tewe, O. O. (1997). Sustainability and Development Paradigm from Nigeria’s Livestock Industry. Inaugural Lecture delivered on behalf of Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Ibadan. pp. 50.
  20. Togun, V.A., Farinu, G.O., and Olabanji, R.O. (2006). Feeding graded levels of wild sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia Hemsl. A. Gray) meal in replacement of maize at pre-pubertal age, negatively impacts on growth and morphormetric characteristics of the genitalia of Anak 2000 broiler cooks at their pubertal age. World Applied Sciences Journal, 1(2): 115-121. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)