Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 3 (march 2019) : 299-306

Physiological response to transportation stress at different flocking densities in hot humid and winter seasons in goats and assessment of pretreatment of Vitamin C, Electrolyte and Jaggery

D. Gupta, M. Ashutosh, G. Kashyap, M. Punetha, B. Patel, Ashutosh, I. Para, V. Tejaswi, N. Jalmeria, M. Ahirwar
1Animal Physiology Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Gupta D., Ashutosh M., Kashyap G., Punetha M., Patel B., Ashutosh, Para I., Tejaswi V., Jalmeria N., Ahirwar M. (2018). Physiological response to transportation stress at different flocking densities in hot humid and winter seasons in goats and assessment of pretreatment of Vitamin C, Electrolyte and Jaggery. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(3): 299-306. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3497.
Present study was conducted to investigate the seasonal effects of transportation of goats (Alpine x Beetle) at different flocking densities, supplemented with Vitamin C in group I, Vitamin C + Electrolyte in group II and Jaggery in group III, 3 days before transport of animal, during winter and hot-humid seasons. The goats were selected from LRC, NDRI Karnal and were of 10-12 months old. Each group consisted of 25 goats each, divided into high (15) and low (10) flocking densities, transported for 8h with average speed of 25 Km/h. All the animals were kept off-feed and deprived of water during the transportation period. Physiological responses (Respiration rate, Rectal temperature, Pulse rate and Skin temperature) were recorded before and after transportation. A significant increase (P<0.05) in ST, RT, RR and PR were recorded just after unloading in both the flocking density groups and during both  seasons which then declined to basal values (P<0.05) within 6-12 hours post transportation. Supplementation with Vitamin C, Vitamin C + Electrolyte and Jaggery aided in reducing transportation stress but Vitamin C + Electrolyte combination proved more beneficial in alleviating transportation stress in the goats.
  1. Al-Badwi, M.A., Mohamed, H.E., Alhaidary, A.A. and Al-Hassan, M.J. (2012). Plasma and salivary cortisol levels in transportation-    stressed Aardi goats. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 13: 1731-1735.
  2. Al-Tamimi, H.J. (2007). Thermoregulatory response of goat kids subjected to heat stress. Small Rumin. Res. 71: 280–28
  3. Ambore, B., Ravikanth., K. , Maini, S. and Rekhe, D.S. (2009). Haematological Profile and Growth Performance of Goats under Transportation Stress. Veterinary World, Vol.2(5): 195-198.
  4. Balz, F. (2003). Vitamin C intake. Nutr. Dis. 14: 1–8.
  5. Bianca, W. (1965). Reviews of the progress of dairy science. Section A. Physiology: Cattle in a hot environment. Journal of Diary Research, 32: 291-345
  6. Broom, D.M. (2000). Welfare assessment and welfare problem areas during handling and transport. In: Grandin, T. (ed.), Livestock Handling and Transport: CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK43–62.
  7. Clero, D. and Grandjean, D. (2012). Influence of high-fat/high-antioxidants nutritional supplementation before and during endurance exercise on physiological and biochemical responses in physically trained search and rescue dogs. J. Vet. Behav.: Clin. Res. Appl. 7: 56.
  8. Das, T.K. and Teng, B.S. (2000). A resource-based theory of strategic alliances. Journal of Management, 26(1): 31-61.
  9. Fazio, E. and Ferlazzo, A. (2003). Evaluation of stress during transport. Vet.Res. Commun., 27: 519–524
  10. Gade, N.E., Singh, G., Sonawne, P.R. and Mahapatra, R.K. (2010). Effect of ascorbic acid supplementation on plasma protein profile in buffalos. Indian.. Vet. Res. 19: 56–62.
  11. Gregory, N.G.,(2007). Animal Welfare and Meat Production, 2nd edition.CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK
  12. Hansen, P.J. and Arechiga, C.F. (1999). Strategies for managing reproduction in the heat-stressed dairy cow. J. Anim. Sci. 77 (Suppl. 2): 36–50.
  13. Kassab, A.Y. and Mohammed, A.A. (2014). Ascorbic acid administration as anti-stress before transportation of sheep. Egyptian J. Anim. Prod .51 (1): 19-25.
  14. Khasmi, E.L., M., Bargaâ, R., Riad, F., Safwate, A., El Hassane, T., Farh, M., El Abbadi, N., Abouhafs, R. and Faye, B. (2013). Meat levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in Moroccan one-humped dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius). Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 25(4): 267.
  15. Kumar, S. and Phrommathed, P. (2005). Research methodology: 43-50.
  16. Lykkesfeldt, T.J. and Svendsen, O. (2007). Oxidants and antioxidants in disease: oxidative stress in farm animals. Vet. J. 173: 502–511.
  17. Marai, I.F.M., El-Darawany, A.A., Fadiel, A., and Abdel-Hafez, M.A.M. (2007). Physiological traits as affected by heat stress in sheep-    A review. Small Rumin. Res. 71: 1–12.
  18. McDowell, R.E., Hooven, N.W., Camoens, J.K. (1976). Effects of climate on performance of Holsteins in first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 59: 965–973
  19. Minka, N. S. and Ayo, J. O. (2009). Physiological responses of food animals to road transportation stress. Afri. J. Biotech. 8 (25): 7415-7427
  20. Minka, N.S. and Ayo, J.O. (2010). Behavioral and rectal temperature responses of Black Harco pullets administered vitamins C and E and transported by road during the hot-dry season. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 5(3): 134-144.
  21. Nilsson, Goran E. (2010). Respiratory Physiology of Vertebrates. Cambridge University Press Cambridge:. ISBN 978-0-521-70302-4.
  22. Schaefer, A.L., Jones ,S.D.M. and Stanley, R.W. (1997). The use of electrolyte solutions for reducing transport stress. J. Anim. Sci. 75: 258-265.
  23. Singh, D. (2013). The brand personality component of brand goodwill: some antecedents and consequences. Brand equity & advertising: Advertising’s role in building strong brands, p.83.
  24. Zulkifli, I., Norbaiyah, B., Cheah, Y. W., Soleiman, A. F., Sazili, A. Q., Rajion, M. A., Goh, Y. M. (2010). Physiological responses in goats subjected to road transportation under the Hot, Humid tropical conditions. Int. J. Ag. & Bio. 12 : 840–844. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)