Hematological responses of common carp Cyprinus carpio administered with Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extraction

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3494    | Article Id: B-3494 | Page : 161-167
Citation :- Hematological responses of common carp Cyprinus carpio administered with Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extraction.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2019.(53):161-167
Yadwinder Kaur, Asha Dhawan, Shanthanagouda Admane Holeyappa and Naveenkumar Bilekallu Thammegowda shanthanagouda@gmail.com
Address : College of Fisheries, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana-141 004, Punjab, India.
Submitted Date : 7-09-2017
Accepted Date : 5-07-2018

Abstract

The study investigated the effect of Neem Leaf Extract (NLE)—a herbal product on hematological parameters of common carp, Cyprinus carpio. Common carp fry were fed on diets having different levels of NLE [no NLE (D1), 0.25(D2), 0.5(D3), 1.0(D4), 1.5(D5), 2.0(D6) g/kg in basal diet containing rice bran and mustard] for 180 days in outdoor tanks. The results revealed an increase in TEC, TLC and PCV in groups D2-D6 compared to control (P<0.05), but increased PCV was observed only in D2, D3 and D4 groups. Further, increasing trend for Hb content was observed from D2-D6 irrespective of NLE levels. The MCV values decreased with increase in levels of NLE in contrast to MCHC, whereas MCH considerably varied among the treatments. Significantly increased total protein and globulin was also observed while albumin to globulin ratio did not show any response in any of the treatments. Collectively, these observations support the hypothesis that the response of hematological parameters to NLE treatment is regulated via both positive and negative feedback mechanisms, with differential modulations based on the NLE levels. The results imply that NLE can boost the immune system via hematological parameters by increasing TEC, TLC, PCV, Hb at certain levels.

Keywords

Azadirachta indica Aquaculture Common carp Hematology Herbal extract.

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