Seroprevalence of brucellosis in bovines of Chhattisgarh, India

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3492    | Article Id: B-3492 | Page : 255-259
Citation :- Seroprevalence of brucellosis in bovines of Chhattisgarh, India.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2019.(53):255-259
Lata Jain, Vinay Kumar, Sameer Chaturvedi, Goutam Roy and Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe jain.lata59@gmail.com
Address : ICAR-National Institute of Biotic Stress Management, Raipur-493 225, Chhattisgarh, India.
Submitted Date : 5-09-2017
Accepted Date : 27-01-2018

Abstract

Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease causing reproductive problems and abortions in bovines leading to huge economic losses to the dairy industry. Seroepidemiology and risk factors associated with brucellosis were investigated in cattle and buffaloes of Chhattisgarh, India. A total of 374 serum samples from bovines were collected randomly from 94 villages of six districts of Chhattisgarh state with different attributes and were screened by i-ELISA for the detection of antibodies. The overall true seroprevalence for brucellosis was observed to be 14.17%. Brucellosis was significantly more prevalent in animals of organized farms, cross bred, age above 7 years, clinically ailing ones particularly cases of abortion and repeat breeding compared to apparently health animals. The finding represented a major impact on animal health and productivity as well as a high risk to the human population.

Keywords

Bovines Brucellosis ELISA Reproductive problems Risk factor.

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