Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.43

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 1 (january 2019) : 28-32

Effect of antioxidants supplementation on plasma hormonal profiles in Hallikar cattle during different seasons

G. P. Kalmath, M. Narayana Swamy
1Department of Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Hebbal- 560 024, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Cite article:- Kalmath P. G., Swamy Narayana M. (2018). Effect of antioxidants supplementation on plasma hormonal profiles in Hallikar cattle during different seasons. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(1): 28-32. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3463.
Present study was carried out to ascertain the influence of different seasons on hormonal profiles in Hallikar cattle. Two groups (control and supplemented) of healthy female Hallikar cattle with six animals in each group selected from Madabal Village of Ramanagara District, Karnataka, India, were utilized for the present study. Selected animals were exposed to environmental stressors during three different seasons (winter, summer and rainy) by allowing them for grazing daily. Animals of control group received no supplementation but supplemented group received oral supplementation of vitamin E and selenium, during the study period. Blood samples collected from all the animals at monthly interval during three different seasons were processed to obtain the plasma which were stored at - 80 ºC until they are utilized for determination of hormones like triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), insulin and cortisol using radioimmunoassay technique. In the present study, triiodothyronine and thyroxine levels reduced significantly (P<0.05) during summer season compared to other seasons in control group animals. In both control and supplemented group, plasma insulin levels declined significantly (P<0.05) and plasma cortisol levels increased significantly (P<0.05) during summer compared to other seasons. Form the study, it was concluded that the summer stress reduces the thyroid and pancreatic activity leading reduced secretion of thyroid hormones and insulin. Further, the summer stress stimulates the adrenal cortical activity leading to enhanced secretion of the cortisol in Hallikar cattle.  
  1. Alameen, A.O. and Abdelatif, A.M. (2012). Metabolic and endocrine responses of crossbred dairy cows in relation to pregnancy and season under tropical conditions.American-Eurasian J. Agric.Environ. Sci., 12(8): 1065-1074
  2. Al-Samawi, K.A., Al-Hassan, M.J. and Swelum, A.A. (2014). Thermoregulation of female Aardi goats exposed to environmental heat stress in Saudi Arabia. Indian J. Anim. Res., 48(4): 344-349 
  3. Aggarwal, A. and Singh, M. (2010). Hormonal changes in heat stressed Murrah buffaloes under two different cooling systems. Buffalo Bulletin, 29(1): 1-6 
  4. Aggarwal, A and Upadhyay, R. (2012). Heat stress and animal productivity. Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media, Illustrated Edition, Pp 27-33. 
  5. Banerjee, D., Upadhyay, R.C., Singh, S. and De, S. (2013). HSP- gene expression profile and their relationship with physiological and hormonal variables in heat and cold adapted goats. National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) Publication, Climate Resilient Small Ruminant Production, pp 84-92
  6. Behl, R., Behl, J. and Joshi, B.K. (2010). Heat tolerance mechanism in cattle- status in zebu cattle: A review. J. Anim. Sci., 80(9): 891-897
  7. Chandra Bhan, Singh, S.V., Hooda, O.K., Upadhyay, R.C., Beenam and Mangesh, V. (2012). Influence of temperature variability on physiological, haematological and biochemical profile of growing and adult Sahiwal cattle. J. Environ. Res. Develop., 7(2A): 986-994
  8. Collier, R.J., Doelger, S.G., Head, H.H., Thatcher, W.W. and Wilcox, C.J. (1982). Effects of heat stress during pregnancy on maternal hormone concentrations, calf birth weight and postpartum milk yield of Holstein cows. J. Anim. Sci., 54(2): 309-319
  9. Eiler, H., 2005. Endocrine glands In: Duke’s Physiology of domestic animals. Edited by Willium O. Reece., 12th Edn. Panima Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India. Pp 649
  10. Habeeb, A.A., El-Masry, K.A., Aboulnaga, A.I. and Kamal, T.H. (1996). The effect of hot summer climate and level of milk yield on blood biochemistry and circulating thyroid and progesterone hormones in Friesian cows. Arab J. Nuclear Sci. Applications, 29(2): 161-168
  11. Hala, A.A., Zeina, A., Hassan, S.G., Sabra, H.A. and Hamam, A.M. (2009). Trials for alleviating adverse effects of heat stress in buffaloes with emphasis on metabolic status and fertility. Global Veterinaria, 3(1): 51-62 
  12. Itoh, F., Obara, Y., Rose, M.T., Fuse, H. and Hashimoto, H. (1998). Insulin and glucagon secretion in lactating cows during heat exposure. J. Anim. Sci., 76:2182-2189.
  13. Johnson, H.D., Kalli, P.S., Hahn, L. and Shanklin, M.D. (1988). Short-term heat acclimation effects on hormonal profile of lactating cows. In: University of Missouri-Columbia, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station, Research Bulletin 1061, pp1-30
  14. Magdub, A., Johnson, H.D. and Belyea, R.L. (1982). Effect of environmental heat and dietary fibre on thyroid physiology of lactating cows. J. Dairy Sci.,65(12): 2323-2331
  15. Marai, I.F.M., El-Darawany, A.A., Fadiel, A. and Abdel-Hafez, M.A.M. (2007). Physiological traits as affected by heat stress in sheep: A review. Small Ruminant Res., 71: 1-12
  16. Omran, Fayza, I., Ashour, G., Youssef, M.M. and Shafie, M.M. (2011). Response of hematology, blood metabolites, mineral ions and hormonal profile to heat stress for Egyptian buffalo calves. Egypt. J. Agric. Res.,89: 1129-1137
  17. Rasooli, A., Nouri, M., Khadjeh, G.H. and Rasekh, A. (2004). The influence of seasonal variations on thyroid activity and some biochemical parameters of cattle. Iranian J. Vet. Res., 5(2): 1384-1390
  18. Sejian, V., Indu, S. and Naqvi, S. M.K. (2013). Impact of short term exposure to different environmental temperature on the blood biochemical and endocrine responses of Malpura ewes under semi-arid tropical environment. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 83(11): 1155–1160
  19. Sharma, S., Ramesh, K., Hyder, I., Uniyal, S., Yadav, V.P., Panda, R.P., Maurya, V.P., Singh, G., Kumar, P., Mitra, A. and Sarkar, M. (2013). Effect of melatonin administration on thyroid hormones, cortisol and expression profile of heat shock proteins in goats (Capra hircus) exposed to heat stress. Small Ruminant Res., 112: 216-223
  20. Shido, O. and Sakurada, S. (1993). Increase in the plasma thyroid levels during the previous heat exposure time in heat-acclimated rats. Can. J. Pharmacol., 71: 904-907
  21. Sivakumar, A.V.N, Singh, G. and Varshney, V.P. (2010). Antioxidants supplementation on acid base balance during heat stress in goats. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 23(11): 1462-1468
  22. Soltan, M.A. (2010). Effect of dietary chromium supplementation on productive and reproductive performance of early lactating dairy cows under heat stress. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 94(2): 264-272
  23. Sunil Kumar, B.V., Singh, G. and Meur, S.K. (2010). Effects of addition of electrolyte and ascorbic acid in feed during heat stress in buffaloes. Asian- Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 23(7): 880-888
  24. Sunil Kumar, B.V., Kataria, M. and Kumar, A. (2011). Amelioration of heat stress by feeding electrolytes, ascorbic acid and zinc in buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin, 30(4): 229-239
  25. Todini L. (2007). Thyroid hormones in small ruminants: effects of endogenous, environmental and nutritional factors. Anim., 1(7): 997-1008 

Editorial Board

View all (0)