Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 1 (january 2019) : 8-13

A comparative study on cytogenetic profile of Large White Yorkshire crossbred and non-descript pigs

V. Harshini, K. Sakunthala Devi, B. Punya Kumari, J. Suresh
1Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati-517 502, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Cite article:- Harshini V., Devi Sakunthala K., Kumari Punya B., Suresh J. (2018). A comparative study on cytogenetic profile of Large White Yorkshire crossbred and non-descript pigs. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(1): 8-13. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3462.
The present karyotype analysis was carried out on 15 females and 15 males of Large White Yorkshire crossbred and non-descript pigs to study their cytogenetic profile and morphometric measurements by using short term leukocyte culture technique. The diploid chromosome number (2n) in both the breeds was found to be 38 with a fundamental number of 64 as in exotic.The least squares mean relative length of autosomes in Large White Yorkshire crossbred pigs ranged from 2.80±0.17 to 10.85±0.17 and the values for non-descript pigs from 2.88±0.10 to 11.03±0.18. The relative contribution of X and Y-chromosome in Large White Yorkshire crossbred pigs was 4.66±0.15 and 2.05±0.17, whereas these values were 4.81±0.17 and 2.19±0.17 in non-descript pigs respectively. The overall mean arm ratio of autosomes ranged from 1.01±0.03 to 2.45±0.03 and 1.02±0.01 to 2.43±0.02 in Large White Yorkshire crossbred females and males respectively. The mean centromeric indices of autosomes differs from 0.50±0.04 to 0.71±0.02 in females and 0.51±0.02 to 0.72±0.03 in males of Large White Yorkshire crossbred pigs. The average morphological index value of autosomes ranged from 2.43±0.06 to 7.29±0.11 in females and 2.41±0.05 to 7.31±0.12 in males of Large White Yorkshire crossbred pigs.
  1. Amareswari, P., Ramesh Gupta, B., Narasimha Rao, G. and Narasa Reddy, G. V. (2005). 
  2. Cytogenetic characterization of Nellore sheep. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 75(4): 433-436.
  3. Ashari, M., Busono, W. and Nurgiartiningsih. (2012). Analysis of chromosome and karyotype in Bali cattle and Simmental-bali (Simbal) Crossbred cattle. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 15: 736.
  4. Basumatary R. (2003). Cytogenetic studies on cows with fertility disorders. M.V.Sc thesis submitted to Assam agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India.
  5. Bhatia, S. and Shanker, V. (1991). Cytogenetic analysis of Gaddi goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 61: 646-648.
  6. Bondoc, O. L., Flor, M. C. G. T., Rebollos, S. D. N and Albarace, A.G. (2002). Variation in karyotypic characteristics of different breed groups of water buffaloes (Bubalusbubalis). Asian Australian Journal of Animal Sciences. 15(3): 321-325.
  7. Devi, P. U., Gupta, B. R. and Devi, K. S. (2013). Cytogenetic characterization of Mahabubnagar goats. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 7(6): 268-276.
  8. Guruvishnu, P., Punyakumari, B., Ekambaram, B. and Rao, K. S. (2014). Cytogenetic studies in crossbred pigs. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 48(1): 1-5
  9. Harvey, W.R. (1989). Least squares analysis of data with uneaqual subclass number. Agriculture research services. USDA, Beltsvelle, Maryland, USA. 20: 8.
  10. Macchi, E., Tarantola, M.,Perrone, A., Paradiso, M. C. and Ponzio, G. (2014). Cytogenetic variability in the wild boar (Susscrofascrofa) in Piedmont (Italy): Preliminary data. Journal of Mountain Ecology. 3. 17-18
  11. Miranda, L. L. D. and Lui, J. F. (2003). Cytogenetics of wild boars from commercial breeders in southern and southeastern Brazil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira. 38(11): 1289-1295.
  12. Moorehead, P.S., Nowell, P.C., Mellman, W.J., Batthips, D.M. and Hungerford, D.A. (1960). Chromosome preparation of leucocytes cultured from human peripheral blood. Experimenatal Cell Research. 20: 613-616.
  13. Oluwole, O. O. and Omitogun, O. G. (2009). Cytogenetic characterization of Nigerian indigenous pig. African Journal of Biotechnology. 8(18): 4696-4701.
  14. Ravichandran, M. A., Saminathan, M., Arun Prince Milton, A., Dhama, K., Suresh, C., Jeeva, K. and Misra, S. K. (2015). Comparative cytogenetic study of Garole and Bonpala breeds of sheep. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 10(2): 48-61.
  15. Sahoo, N. R., Banik, S., Pankaj, P. K. and Sahoo, M. (2013). Cytogenetic architecture of Niangmegha pig. Indian Veterinary Journal. 90(12): 59-61.
  16. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran (1994) Statistical methods. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.
  17. Tanomtong, A., Supanuam, P., Siripiyasing, P. and Bunjonrat, R. (2007). A comparative chromosome analysis of Thai wild boar (Sus scrofa jubatus) and relationship to domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica) by conventional staining, G-banding and high-    resolution technique. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology (Thailand), 29(1): 1-13.
  18. Vishnu, P. G., Punyakumari, B., Ekambaram, B., Prakash, M. G. and Subramanyam, B. V. (2015). Chromosomal profile of indigenous pig (Sus scrofa). Veterinary World, 8(2): 183-186. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)