Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in camels of hyper-arid partially irrigated zone of Rajasthan

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3460    | Article Id: B-3460 | Page : 105-109
Citation :- Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in camels of hyper-arid partially irrigated zone of Rajasthan.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2019.(53):105-109
K.P. Parmar, Abhishek Gupta, P.K. Pilania, N. Kumar, Monika, G.S. Manohar and Deepak Sumbria deepak_sumbria@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, College of Veterinary & Animal Science, Bikaner-334 001, Rajasthan, India
Submitted Date : 28-06-2017
Accepted Date : 28-08-2017

Abstract

A total 509 faecal samples were collected from camel population of different age and sex from hyper-arid partially irrigated zone of Rajasthan from March, 2016 to January, 2017.An overall prevalence rate of helminthic infectionswas recorded in 60.70% camelsby conventional faecal examination techniques. Among helminthes, highest prevalence was of strongyles (49.31%) followed by Trichuris sp. (24.75%), Strongyloides sp. (14.14%) and Nematodirus sp.(13.16%). Egg per gram counts of Strongyloides sp, Trichuris sp, and strongyle group was recorded from 100-900 (261.11±40.08); 100-1600 (564.81±23.17) and 100-1900 (624.07±47.73), respectively. Statistical analysis using multivariate binary logistic regression model revealed a highly significant difference (p<0.01) in seasonal dynamics and district wise prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthic infections in camel population whereasage and sex wise prevalence analysis revealed statistically non-significant difference. Coproculture study revealed the presence of Haemonchus sp.,  Trichostrongylus sp., Strongyloides sp. and Nematodirus sp. in the decreasing order of prevalence.

Keywords

Camel Gastrointestinal helminthes Hyper arid partially irrigated zone prevalence Risk factors Rajasthan

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