Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 11 (november 2018) : 1628-1634

Aetio-pathological studies of digestive and respiratory affections in cattle calves

Sushma, V. Nehra, J. Shunthwal, A.P. Rath
1Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Sciences Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Sushma, Nehra V., Shunthwal J., Rath A.P. (2018). Aetio-pathological studies of digestive and respiratory affections in cattle calves. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(11): 1628-1634. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3419.
Aetio-pathological studies of digestive and respiratory affections was undertaken in cattle calves received for post mortem examination during a period of seven months (September, 2015 to March, 2016). Maximum age-wise mortality was noticed in age group of 1 to 3 months. Sex-wise mortality in cattle calves was more in females as compared to males. System-wise causes of death/mortality were highest due to combined involvement of both the digestive and respiratory systems. Pneumo-enteritis was the main affection noticed when there was combined involvement of both digestive and respiratory systems. Bacteriological studies of different samples collected from carcasses of cattle calves revealed that maximum bacterial species isolated was E. coli followed by Proteus spp., Klebsiella spp. and Staphyloccocus spp. Maximum number of bacteria species were isolated from intestine followed by lungs, heart blood and tracheal swab. The results of in-vitro drug sensitivity revealed that most of bacterial strains were sensitive to gentamycin and resistant to tetracycline. Examination of faecal samples of diarrhoeic/diseased and dead cattle calves revealed that Ascaris ova and Eimeria spp. was the major infection.
  1. Aglave, P.M., Mitkari, K.R., Adangale, S.B., Deshmukh, A.R. and Kale, V.A. (2012). Effect of non-genetic factors on mortality pattern in crossbred cattle (hf x deoni) holdeo. Indian Journal of Animal Research,46(1): 74-77. 
  2. Ahmed, T., Mahbub-E-Elahi, A.T.M., Islam, M.J. and Hasan, M.K. (2015). Isolation and identification of bacteria from the faecal samples of diarrhoeic calf and their antibiogram study. Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences, Sec. B. 5(3): 2671-2682.
  3. Bangar, Y., Khan T.A., Dohare A.K., Kolekar D.V., Wakchaure N.S. (2013). Analysis of morbidity and mortality rates in cattle in Pune division of Maharashtra state. Vet World, 6(8): 512-515.
  4. Barri, M.E.S. and Adam, S.E.I. (1981). The toxicity of Crotolariasaltiana to calves. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 91: 621-627
  5. Bauer, A.W., Kirby, W.M.M., Sherris, J.C. and Truck, M. (1966). Antibiotic susceptibility testing by standardized single disc method. American Journal of Clinical Pathology,. 45: 493.
  6. Bilal, M.Q., Hameed, A. and Ahmad, T. (2009). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in cattle and cow calves in rural areas of tobateksingh. Journal of Animal and Plant Science, 19(2): 67-70 
  7. Carlson, S.A., Stoffregan, W.C. and Bolin, S.R. (2002). Abomasitis associated with multiple antibiotic resistant Salmonella entericaserotype Typhimuriumphagetype DT 104. Veterinary Microbiology, 85(3): 233-40.
  8. Cho, Y. and Yoon, K.J. (2014). An overview of calf diarrhea - infectious etiology, diagnosis, and intervention. Journal of Veterinary Science, 15(1): 1-17.
  9. Cruickshank, R. and McCartney, J.E. (1965). Medical Microbiology: guide to the laboratory diagnosis and control of infection, 12th edn. The English Language Books Society and Churchill Living Stone.
  10. Hussain, I.Saikia, G.K. (2000). Isolation and characterization of bacteria from diarrhoeic bovine calves. Indian Journal of Comparative Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Disease, 21(2): 125-127.
  11. Joon, D.S. and Kaura, Y.K. (1993). Isolation and characterization of some of the enterobacteria from diarrhoeic and non-diarrhoeic calves. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 63(4): 373-383.
  12. Jubb, K.V.F., Keneddy, P.C., Palmer, N. (1993). Pathology of Domestic Animals, 4th ed. Academic Press Inc. 
  13. Kaura, Y.K. (1990). Salmonellosis and Colibacillosis with particular reference to the emergence of multidrug resistant Salmonella typhimuriumPhage type 66/122 in crossbred calves in Hisar. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 60(1): 6-14.
  14. Kaura, Y.K. Minakshi, Kumar, T. and Choturvedi, G.C. (1991). Characteristics of Escherichia coli strains isolated from diarrhoeic cattle and cow calves. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 31(1): 33-45.
  15. Khan, A. and Khan, M.Z. (1997). Gross and histopathological findings in cattle and bovine diarrhoeic neonates. VeterinarskiArchiv,67(5): 203-213. 
  16. Kusiluka, L.J.M. (2002). A review of contagious caprinepleuropneumonia in Tanzania and potential for spread to Southern Africa. Zimbabwe Veterinary, J.33: 101-107.
  17. Lehreena, Gupta, R.P., Sindhu, N. and Nehra, V. (2012). Molecular characterization and antibiogram of Escherichia coli isolates implicated in calf mortality. Haryana Veterinarian,51: 41-44.
  18. Luna, L.G. (1968). Manual of Histologic Staining Methods of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 3rd edition, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York.
  19. Magona, J.W. and Musisi, G. (2002). Influence of age, grazing system, seasonand agroclimatic zone on the prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal strongylosis in Ugandan goats. Small Rum. Res. 44:187-192.
  20. Maity, S.B., Deb, P., Das, R. and Som, T.L. (2000). Pathology of lymph nodes in cattle. Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology,24: 32-34.
  21. Mishra, A.K., Rawat, N.S, Nanawati, S. and Gaur, A. K. (2015). Studies on calf mortality pattern in Gir breed. International Journal of Livestock Production,6(4): 47-51.
  22. Muktar, Y., Gezhagne, M., Biruk, T. and Dinaol, B. (2015). A review on major bacterial causes of calf diarrhea and its diagnostic method. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Anmal Health,7(5): 173-185.
  23. Pearson, G.R., Mcnulty, M.S. and Logan, E.F. (1978). Pathological changes in the small intestine of neonatal calves with enteric colibacillosis. Veterinary Patholgy, 15(1): 92-101.
  24. Prasad, S., Ramachandran, N. and Raju, S. (2004). Mortality patterns in dairy animals under organised herd management conditions at Karnal India. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 36: 645-654.
  25. Roy, P.K., Ghosh, A., Pal, R.K. and Basu, S.B. (1997). Mortality pattern in Jersy x Tharparkar crossbred Female Calves. Indian Veterinary Journal,74: 673-676.
  26. Soulsby, E.J.L. (1982). Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th Edition, London. Veterinary Microbiology, 49(3): 209-217.
  27. Tegtmeier,C., Uttenthal, A.A., Friis N.F.,Jensen N.E. andJensen H.E.(1999). Pathological and Microbiological Studies on Pneumonic Lungs from Danish Calves, Journal of Veterinary Medicine,46(10): 693–700.
  28. Tsolis, R.M., Adams, L.G., Ficht, T.A. and Baumler, A.J. (1999). Contribution of Salmonella thypimuriumvirulence factors to diarrhoeal disease in calves. Infectious Immunology, 67(9): 4879-4885.
  29. Wadhwa, A., Tanwar, R.K., Singla, L.D., Eda, S., Kumar, N. and Kumar, Y. (2011). Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in Cattle and cattlees in Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. Veterinary World,4: 417-419. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)