Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 11 (november 2018) : 1649-1653

Occurrence of Arcobacter species in animal faeces, foods of animal origin and humans in Andhra Pradesh, India

M. Soma Sekhar, S.R. Tumati, B.K. Chinnam, V.S. Kothapalli, N. Mohammad Sharif
1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University (SVVU), Tirupati – 517 502, India.
Cite article:- Sekhar Soma M., Tumati S.R., Chinnam B.K., Kothapalli V.S., Sharif Mohammad N. (2017). Occurrence of Arcobacter species in animal faeces, foods of animal origin and humans in Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(11): 1649-1653. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3402.
A total of n=510 samples comprising of faecal swabs from livestock (n=245), foods of animal origin (n=180) and human stools (n=85) were examined to detect Arcobacter species employing cultural and PCR methods. Overall, 11.7% of samples were found positive for Arcobacter species by genus-specific PCR. On screening faecal samples of livestocks, higher positivity was observed in pigs (23.3%), followed by chicken (16.6%), turkey (15.0%), cattle (10.0%), duck (10.0%) and sheep (6.6%). With regard to foods of animal origin, higher positivity was observed in pork samples (15.0%), followed by chicken (12.5%), milk (10.0%) and mutton (7.5%). In humans, the stool samples of farm workers revealed high positivity (13.3%) followed by veterinary students (8.0%) and diarrhoeic humans (6.66%). Using cultural method, a total of 41 (8.03%) Arcobacter isolates were recovered. The multiplex-PCR assay enabled detection of Arcobacter butzleri (16/41), Arcobacter cryaerophilus (13/41) and Arcobacter skirrowii (12/41). The results signify the occurrence of Arcobacter species in animal faeces, foods of animal origin and humans in Andhra Pradesh, India.
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