Physical and morphometric characterization of young Red Kandhari cattle in their breeding tract

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3351    | Article Id: B-3351 | Page : 1248-1252
Citation :- Physical and morphometric characterization of young Red Kandhari cattle in their breeding tract.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2018.(52):1248-1252
Samarjit Das, M.F. Siddiqui, V.S. Ingle and Geetesh Mishra md.mfsiddiqui@gmail.com
Address : Department of Livestock Production and Management, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Parbhani-431 402, Maharashtra, India.
Submitted Date : 9-12-2016
Accepted Date : 15-09-2017

Abstract

A study was conducted in the breeding tract of Red Kandhari cattle in Marathwada region comprising Latur, Parbhani and Nanded district to document the morphometric characteristic to know the present status of the breed. Total 535young Red Kandhari cattle were selected morphometric measurements were recorded by using measuring tape while physical characteristic were recorded visually.The overall LSQ means at 0-3 months of Red Kandhari for chest girth, abdominal girth, body length, height at wither, height at elbow, height at hip bone, height at pin bone,  length of ear, width of ear, length of face, width of fore head, length of neck, width between hook bone, width between pin bone, tail length and body weight were  70.56 ± 0.66, 72.27 ± 0.78, 64.06 ± 0.69, 69.00 ± 0.63, 42.93 ± 0.37, 69.44 ± 0.66, 65.13 ± 0.63, 13.66 ± 0.21, 7.54 ± 0.07, 23.21 ± 0.32, 11.25 ± 0.18, 25.02 ± 0.26 , 15.71 ± 0.16 , 9.08 ± 0.15, 41.66 ± 0.44 cm and 30.06 ± 0.83 kg and at 4-12 months of  age were 116.21 ± 0.73, 122.86 ± 0.77, 99.89 ± 0.51, 102.32 ± 0.43, 60.49 ± 0.59, 103.71 ± 0.44, 97.51 ± 0.38, 18.38 ± 0.16, 10.28 ± 0.24, 35.55 ± 0.24, 18.11 ± 0.08, 38.50 ± 0.13, 26.43 ± 0.22, 14.83 ± 0.18, 60.90 ± 0.39 cm and 127.93 ± 2.42 kg, respectively. Majority of the Red Kandhari cattle have Brick Red coat color followed by Dark Red. The sex showed highly significant (P<0.01) to significant (P<0.05) effect on most of the traits for both the age group whereas district doesn’t play any major role on these traits.The significant to highly significant effect of sex on some of body measurements and non-significant effect of district in all traits may lead to the concrete conclusion that these factors play a major role in exhibiting the specific body measurements only in Red Kandhari cattle at 4-12 and 0-3 months of age.

Keywords

Body weight Characterization Morphometric 0-3 months 4-12 months Red Kandhari.

References

  1. Chandran P.C., A. Dey, S.J. Pandian, S.K. Barari and D.K. Kaushal (2012) Red Purnia Cattle - an Unexplored Indigenous Germplasm. Indian J. Animal. Sci. 82 (12) : 1594-1597.
  2. Department of Agriculture and co-operation Government of India, New Delhi (1989) Resolution No. 56-2/89/LDT Dated: 17/10/2017
  3. Gokhale S.B., R. L. Bhagat, P.K. Singh and Gurmej Singh (2009) Morphometric Characteristic and Utility Pattern of Khillar Cattle in Breed Tract. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 79 (1) : 47-51.
  4. Harvey W.R. (1976) Least-squares Analysis of Data with Unequal Sub-class Numbers. ARS, USDA, Beltsville, Maryland, 20, 8 
  5. Munde D.D. (2012) Phenotypic Characterization of Gaolao Cattle on Field Scale in Their Breeding Tract. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to M.K.V., Parbhani (Maharashtra).s
  6. Nikam M.S. (2013) Studies on Morphometric Characteristics of Red Kandhari Cattle in Parbhani District. M. Sc. (Agri) Thesis Submitted to MarathwadaKrishiVidyapeeth, Parbhani (Maharashtra).
  7. Parveen Kaiser, Mohan Singh, K Mukherjee And S P Tiwari (2009) Body measurements and their association with age in growing Sahiwal animals. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 79(12): 1226–1228.
  8. Pawar, K.K. (2002) Prediction of age from body weights and body measurements vice versa in Khillar cattle. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to M P K V, Rahuri (MS), India. 
  9. Pundir R.K., P.K. Singh, B. Prakash and S.P.S. Ahlawat (2007) Characterization and Evaluation of Kenkatha Breed in it’s Native Tract. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 77 (2): 177–80
  10. Pundir R.K. and P.K. Singh (2008) Status, Characteristics and Performance of Red Kandhari Cattle Breed in its Native Tract. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 78 (1) : 56-61
  11. Pundir R. K., P. K. Singh, D. Sharma, A. Saini, and B. Prakash (2012) Physical Parameters and Management of Hill Cattle of Pithoragarh District of Uttarkhand. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 82 (12): 1591-1593.
  12. Pundir R. K., P. K. Singh, P. S. Dangi, A. Kumar, N. B. Singh, P K Singh And D K Sadana (2015)Indigenous cattle of Manipur Characterization and performance evaluation. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 85 (4): 382–385.
  13. SalimBahashwan (2014) Application of Morphometric Traits for Live Body Weight Estimation in Dhofari Calves. Int. J. of Sci. Res. in Agric. Sci.1(5), pp. 90-96.
  14. Shikalgar N.S. (2011) Phenotypic Characterization of Khillar Cattle at Organized Farm. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to M.K.V., Parbhani, (MS), India.
  15. Shinde Y. P. (2013) Studies on Morphometric characteristics of Red Kandhari Cattle in Nanded District. M. Sc. (Agri) Thesis Submitted to MarathwadaKrishiVidyapeeth, Parbhani (MS)..
  16. Singh P.K., Gurmej Singh, P.K. Pundir, G.R. Patil, K.R. Mitkari, MukeshSodhi and B. Prakash (2006) Cattle Genetic Resources of India Deoni: Monograph National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal (Haryana), India. pp 7 - 11.
  17. Singh P.K., G.K. Gaur, R.K. Pundir and Avtar Singh (2007) Characterization and Evaluation of Gangatiri Cattle Breed in it’s Native Tract. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 77 (1) : 66-70.
  18. Yadav K.N. (2008) Phenotypic Characterization of Deoni Cattle on Field Scale in Their Breeding Tract. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to M.K.V, Parbhani (MS), India. 

Global Footprints